Most archaeologists work with rescue excavations for land development, “contract archaeology”. And because of the Field-Archaeological Paradox, operative in all Western countries with strong legal protection for archaeological sites, they get to dig a lot of really nondescript things. It’s not Tut-ankh-amen’s tomb every day, kids. This is one of the reasons that I do my best to stay out of contract archaeology.
One of the types of ancient monument that Swedish contract archaeologists get to dig quite a lot, but which is seen by many pretty much with heartfelt loathing, is colloquially known as the Gothenburg Nasty: Göteborgsäckel.
The Gothenburg Nasty was originally identified near the proud city of Gothenburg and is mainly known from Sweden’s short west coast along the southern third of the country. It is a grave type of sorts, to my knowledge dating mainly from the Early Iron Age (500 BC to AD 400). Structurally, it consists of a shallow cleft or basin in the bedrock, haphazardly filled with stones that sometimes spill out around the basin to form an untidy pavement. Among these stones, if you are very lucky, is scattered a handful of cremated bone looking a lot like muesli. In rare cases, there may even be a few corroded remnants of small unidentifiable iron objects. But the typical Gothenburg Nasty contains nothing anyone would want to bring home. The structure is clearly human-made, and that’s about all it tells us. It hasn’t even got the humble decency of a clearance cairn, that is equally boring to dig but which tells us something about the economy of its time.
Dear Reader, have a heart. When an aged loved one of yours expires, send a thought to future archaeologists. Bury your dead in style with ample grave furnishings. Don’t put Grandma in a Gothenburg Nasty!