Noreen Malone at Slate explains why Georgia and Georgia are both named Georgia. Basically it’s:
- George means “ploughman” in ancient Greek
- Saint George dies in AD 303
- Part of Central Asia (Georgia) becomes associated with the saint for unknown reasons
- Crusaders bring the cult of Saint George to Western Europe in the 12th century
- Saint George becomes England’s patron in the 1340s
- King George II grants part of North America (Georgia) a charter in 1732
But what does this all have to do with the Georgics of Virgil, published in 29 BC? Well, the poetry cycle’s overt theme is rural life and farming: subjects known in Greek as, yes, georgics.