So I spent the day on Gålö, happily digging & sieving a square meter on a Middle Neolithic shore site 25 meters above current sea level that my friend Roger found two years ago. I haven’t dug that period since 1993 when I spent almost the entire fieldwork season on the classic Bollbacken site outside Västerås. (I did however write a paper about another site of the era in the early 00s.) Today I found knapped quartz and basalt and granite (!) and a lot of small potsherds, one of which has the Pitted Ware culture’s signature pits and comb-stamp decoration. Mattias found the best pottery: three decorated rim sherds that fit together, shown above. And there were burnt seal phalanges that will allow radiocarbon dating.
It was kind of fun to hear these guys, hardcore Mesolithic scholars who are used to digging potteryless sites at 70 m a.s.l., talk with wonderment about how much fun potsherds can be.
On our way back to the cars through the woods we heard a crossbill. Or so I was told.
Quartz flakes, 4500 years old.
In order to understand lithics, you need to learn knapping.
Mattias found a piece of low-grade quartz down by the current seashore.
Quartz flakes, 2 minutes old, and hammer stone with characteristic impact damage.