The Frontal Cortex

Swoopo

Over at The Big Money, Mark Gimein has a fascinating article on Swoopo.com. Gimein calls Swoopo “the crack cocaine of auction sites” and says it’s “the evil bastard child of game theory and behavioral economics.” The site works like this:

Consider the MacBook Pro that Swoopo sold on Sunday for that $35.86. Swoopo lists its suggested retail price at $1,799; judging by the specs, you can actually get a similar one online from Apple (AAPL) for $1,349, but let’s not quibble. Either way, it’s a heck of a discount. But now look at what the bidding fee does. For each “bid” the price of the computer goes up by a penny and Swoopo collects 60 cents. To get up to $35.86, it takes, yes, an incredible 3,585 bids, for each of which Swoopo gets its fee. That means that before selling this computer, Swoopo took in $2,151 in bidding fees. Yikes.

In essence, what your 60-cent bidding fee gets you at Swoopo is a ticket to a lottery, with a chance to get a high-end item at a ridiculously low price. With each bid the auction gets extended for a few seconds to keep it going as long as someone in the world is willing to take just one more shot. This can go on for a very, very long time. The winner of the MacBook Pro auction bid more than 750 times, accumulating $469.80 in fees.

Gimein emphasizes the “sunk cost” illusion as motivating repeated bidding on Swoopo. Because we’ve already bid a hundred times on the laptop, we assume we’re more likely to win on the 101st bid. But that’s false; those earlier bids are utterly irrelevant. And then there’s the jackpot effect: people tend to fixate on the big prize (the cheap laptop, the lottery payout, etc.) and not pay attention to the incremental cost of participation. Each bid, after all, is only sixty cents, but we could save hundreds of dollars on that Apple laptop! Unfortunately, the brain is terrible at addition, and so we quickly lose track of how much money we’ve actually spent trying to acquire the prize. (It also helps that Swoopo requires people to prepay for “bids” in packs, which makes it even easier for us to not think about bids in terms of real money. If Swoopo bidders had to use physical coins for every bid, I imagine the site would be far less appealing.)

But I still don’t think that explains Swoopo’s addictive appeal. Instead, I think the real appeal of the website is the sheer uncertainty. As an item nears the end of bidding, a big countdown clock appears. At any moment, someone else can come up in and bid on the item, which then resets the clock to twenty seconds. The process repeats and repeats, until the price gets to a point that discourages other bidders. (It’s probably less discouraging to you, since you’ve already sunk $50 in bidding fees.) But here’s the dirty secret of the site: after placing a bid, you’re forced to wait and watch. You have no way of knowing if your bid will win, or if someone else will swoop in and bid on the laptop at the last possible second. In other words, it’s just like a slot machine: you put in a quarter and wait for the wheels to whirr. With swoopo, the random number generator is other people.

Why is this excruciating state so appealing? The answer, I think, has a lot to do with how our brains process rewards. The popular myth of dopamine is that the neurotransmitter equals pleasure, that it’s the hedonist chemical responsible for sex, drugs and rock n’ roll. The dopaminergic reality, not surprisingly, is actually much more complicated. Consider the landmark work of Wolfram Schultz. His experiments followed a simple protocol: He played a loud tone, waited for a few seconds, and then squirted a few drops of apple juice into the mouth of a monkey. While the experiment was unfolding, Schultz was probing the dopamine-rich areas of the monkey brain with a needle that monitored the electrical activity inside individual cells. At first the dopamine neurons didn’t fire until the juice was delivered; they were responding to the actual reward. However, once the animal learned that the tone preceded the arrival of juice — this requires only a few trials — the same neurons began firing at the sound of the tone instead of the sweet reward. And then eventually, if the tone kept on predicting the juice, the cells went silent. They stopped firing altogether. Schultz calls these cells “prediction neurons,” since they are more concerned with predicting rewards than actually receiving them.

What’s interesting about this system is that it’s all about expectation. Our dopamine neurons constantly generate patterns based upon experience: if this, then that. They realize that the tone predicts the juice, or that betting on the laptop might get us a discounted reward. This means that our dopamine circuitry isn’t just titillated when we win the auction – those predictive cells are excited every time we bid, as they wait to see whether or not the reward will arrive. Luke Clark, a neuroscientist at Cambridge, has done a very clever experiment that captures this process at work. Vaughan Bell, over at MindHacks, summarizes the results of the experiment:

The research team looked at the activity differences in the dopamine-rich mesolimbic system in a gambling task – comparing wins, misses and near-misses. Near-misses were where the reels on a slot machine just missed the payout.

It turns out that near-misses activate almost exactly the same dopamine circuits as actual wins – but here’s the punchline – they were subjectively experienced as the most unpleasant outcome, even worse than total misses.

In other words, the dopamine system was firing like a rocket display but the experience was awful.

Interestingly, although near-misses were experienced as aversive they increased the desire to play the game but only when the person had some perception of control, by choosing what the ‘lucky’ picture would be. Of course, like choosing ‘heads or tails’, it’s only an illusion of control because the outcome is random anyway.

This, in a nutshell, is how Swoopo works. It’s one near-miss after another, as we bid and then bid again. The experience feels awful – we know we’re wasting money – and yet we can’t look away.

Comments

  1. The Wolfram Schultz data provide a neurobiological mechanism for the gambling behavior described by Howard Rachlin in his paper:

    http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/120001642/abstract

  2. #2 Brandlogo
    July 10, 2009

    Just discovered your blog. Amazing stuff. Bravo times a thousand.

  3. #3 N. Evans
    July 11, 2009

    Following and reading since radio interview led to buying and reading ‘How We Decide’ and then this blog, etc.
    Thanks !

  4. #4 Arj
    July 11, 2009

    First I’d heard of “Swoopo” — fascinating design/strategy for a website, and fascinating what it says about human foibles…

  5. #5 Sheri M
    July 12, 2009

    Fascinating – simply fascinating!!

  6. #6 Brett Hogan
    July 13, 2009

    You lost me $24 dollars, Jonah. Thanks.

  7. #7 Riley
    July 13, 2009

    I think its amazing how wrapped up technology is with our dopamine system, from facebook to something as simple as copy and paste.

  8. #8 TAM
    July 14, 2009

    hi check this out on ebay item #230357342803 no science required
    regards tam

  9. #9 Roger Bigod
    July 21, 2009

    One of the classic findings of conditioning experiments was that consistent positive reinforcement doesn’t engage an animal nearly as much as unreliable reinforcement. If a rat is always rewarded for pressing the bar, it gets bored. But throw in a little randomness and the rat will frantically press the bar for hours.

    This fact was told to me by a guy who liked casino gambling. He thought that the phenomenon was crucial to the success of Las Vegas as a travel destination. I’ve never been inclined to gamble, which indicates my superiority. As does my preference for weekly extreme sudoku over the easy daily puzzles. Um…

  10. #10 Zoasterboy
    July 21, 2009

    Check out this image on their website, it’s EXACTLY what you’re talking about, and they’re telling you, as you register. I found the image on the registration screen. Ironic.

    http://img2.swoopo.com/telebid-us/img/tmos/hg_registration_007.jpg

  11. #11 hank h
    July 27, 2009

    Sites like swoopo that have been around for a while are difficult/expensive to win… What you have to do is find the younger sites like bidfire that don’t have a huge user base and you can really start to get some good deals. The bidfire site I mentioned has only been in operation a couple days and it looks like there are only about 10 people that keep on winning…

  12. #12 Robert
    July 29, 2009

    hank h:
    Google implies the site has existed since February 2006. Just sayin’…

  13. #13 Margaret
    August 22, 2009

    I recently came across your blog and have been reading along. I thought I would leave my first comment. I don’t know what to say except that I have enjoyed reading. Nice blog. I will keep visiting this blog very often.

    Margaret

    http://powerleveling.info

  14. #14 PAG
    August 25, 2009

    Wow, I loved this post. I study economics and often point to the sunk cost fallacy when I discuss bidding on swoopo or other penny auction or entertainment shopping sites but your ideas bring the discussion to a new level. The monkey example reminds me of sex. When we think we might get to have sex we get very excited, but once we’ve been with the same partner for a while and we know we’re going to get sex, the level of excitement is reduced. Once the monkey knew it was going to get juice it didn’t get excited anymore. I blog about swoopo and other penny auctions over at http://www.penny-auction-insider.blogspot.com where I often try to connect the world of penny auctions to behavioral economics.

  15. #15 Antonio
    September 6, 2009

    There are many sites like swoopo now and many do actually have shill bidders, developers even sell swoopo clone scripts with autobidding robots in the backend to illegal shill real bidders. it’s pretty much criminal in my book, I recommend checking out the penny auction watchdog

    http://www.pennyauctionwatch.com to learn more about shoddy practices and to save your money from scams. Look at Swoopo’s rankings, tons of competition. That Mini Cooper has been going all week!

    # Rank Site URL Alexa Rank QuantCast Rank QC Monthly Views Compete Rank Compete Monthly Views
    1 4,915 Swoopo Swoopo.com 8,232 5,479 301,500 3,527 578,712

  16. #16 Nicolas
    September 28, 2009

    Try http://www.PsychoAuction.com. It’s much better as the timer does not reset all the time and you have chat so you can communicate with other people!

  17. #17 Maria
    November 12, 2009

    You can’t win on Swoopo if they have “technical difficulties”
    I bid on the count of 1 several times, bids were accepted and auction went on.
    I bid on the count of 1 and the bid wasn’t accepted, auction ended and I lost.
    I bid on the count of 3, bid wasn’t accepted – site froze- auction ended and I lost.
    I bid on the count of 4!!!!!!! – site froze, auction ended, I lost.
    WHen I complained about the first two situations I was told they had technical difficulties and they redeposited my 5 bids.
    I’mm still waiting 5 days to hear about the count of 4 bid.

  18. #18 David
    November 27, 2009

    Really interesting post and the connection to reward pathways is fascinating. One thing that goes against this theory to an extent is the usage of bid-butlers. I’m not sure how many of these are used where the person is present Vs absent but in the case of absence…it’s a pre-determined decision rather than continuous dopamine hits. I write a blog around the concepts of penny auctions and other fee based auctions, it can be found here: http://www.pay-per-bid-online-auctions.blogspot.com/
    Take a read.

  19. #19 Cat
    November 29, 2009

    Not sure that this makes sense? The Mac book sold for $36?? How can somebody let it go for that? Is there no minimum reserve? I need to look into this site.

    Cat xx

    http://www.repossessedcarstore.com

  20. #20 Cathy Saar
    December 13, 2009

    Many Penny Auctions sites out there are failing. Whether it’s poor
    planning, lack of tech skills to run an efficient site, or all the above, the rate in which old ones die and new ones start is staggering. It is a good idea to research these sites and see which ones have been up the longest. A good way to find out if the penny auctions are good are to contact the customer service and see how fast you get a reply. If it’s within a few hours you’re probably on your way to finding a great penny auction site!

    Regards,
    Cathy Saar
    Penny Auction

  21. #21 Adam K.
    December 20, 2009

    some website are complete fraud. They place their insiders to bid and at the end their people win with the Genuine members losing. Having some pity on genuine members they let them win some cheap items like Wii remote controller, Gift cards, etc
    Also, I visited at http://www.pennyauctioninfo.com and there too I found the reviews about various website. yesterday, their site was down for some maintenance but now, its up.

  22. #22 peter234
    January 2, 2010

    As with all new services, educating consumers and arming them with appropriate expectations is key. Much of the criticism penny auctions receive stems from the fact that few people win and everyone expects to get a great deal without much effort. Noone can fault the auction sites for channeling these human needs. It’s called business. It is up to consumers to educate themselves by doing their homework, such as checking out review sites like http://www.pennyauctionguide.com. It’s just like everything in life: luck favors the prepared.

  23. #23 Claire
    January 8, 2010

    What`s the trick in offering really expensive items like Mini at http://www.madbid.com and $19,000 holiday at http://www.bidfella.com? Nice like sex, drugs and rock n’ roll… but are they real?

  24. #24 vla dob
    January 27, 2010

    it is all rights,
    same web site is http://www.IRINGBID.com and people are happy for these web sites.

    if you do not agree after close all game offices, casinos, rulletes….and etc. !!

  25. #25 Daniel
    July 9, 2010

    OK I checked out penny auction guide’s website and there aren’t really any reviews on there. I think that penny auction watch and pennyaucitonscam.com do a really good job in pointing out the sites that ruin it for everyone.

    I’ve won some pretty nice stuff at a few penny auctions and have a pretty good strategy for the most part. If any one is interested you can find it at http://www.pennyauctionwinner.com
    I wish everyone success and luck!
    @Claire yes they’re real, I’ve spoken to the guy who actually won the mini at madbid.

  26. #26 James
    July 16, 2010

    I think everyone has a chance of winning with the right strategy, one thing people have to remember its not as easy as just bidding and winning, especially with swoopo. I started referring to some helpful tips at http://www.pennyauctionstrategy.org, it’s worth a try what do I have to lose?

  27. #27 James
    July 16, 2010

    I’m sorry the correct url was http://www.pennyauctionstrategy.org I made a mistake on the post above. I hope this helps.

  28. #28 Nick
    July 17, 2010

    Yeah PAW is right, there are a bunch of sites that use these shill bidders and we have to watch out for them. Another great site to check out other than PAW for reviews of such sorts is http://www.pennyauctionscam.com

  29. #29 movies ratings
    August 9, 2010

    Thanks for sharing the link, but unfortunately it seems to be down… Does anybody have a mirror or another source? Please reply to my post if you do!

    I would appreciate if a staff member here at scienceblogs.com could post it.

    Thanks,
    Peter

  30. #30 Penny Auction
    August 28, 2010

    I appreciate the post.
    back some time, swoopo was ruling the penny auction market. But now there are a lot penny auction sites now. And theer is a need to keep check on them.

  31. #31 Stimelex
    October 12, 2010

    If sex is the same all the time then it becomes boring, so add variety as part of your bedroom antics. Make sure you try some new sexual positions to make sex more exciting and pleasing. During sexual intercourse you should not rush over your second half. A slow start with gradual increase lasts longer and allow you more sexual pleasure than sex made in a hurry. Always try to get your breathing rhythm in tandem together with your partners, which will boost the feeling of oneness. Correct breathing can greatly enhance your romantic endeavors and increase sexual satisfaction. So during intercourse learn to synchronize your breathing together with your partners. This is a great way for feeling a total connection and union along with your partner.

  32. #32 Read then delete
    October 26, 2010

    Sorry for the out of place comment admin, I was unable to find an email address to email you at and assumed you would read this befor accepting the comment anyway. I just wanted to share this really cool traffic trick for your blog because I think you will benifit greatly from it. I was able to go from $3.23/day to $83.44/day (I know the site says $300+ but oh well lol maybe im not doing it right, cant complain). I think you will get the same results easy, check it out: http://bit.ly/bONO8I

  33. #33 David
    November 17, 2010

    Hi all,

    Interesting article. I’m not sure I agree with all of it (as stated on one of my posts above) but a great read.

    I write a couple of blogs on penny auctions which I’ve mentioned above. I also help to run a penny auction site called http://www.YooBeeDoo.co.uk

    We have two auction models, a classic penny auction and a different auction model that we call a bid-block auction.

    Check us out on PAW etc.

    Thanks.

  34. #34 Josh
    November 20, 2010

    Great post. The near miss concept is something that I’m sure many penny auction bidders have experienced. Some marketers are now calling penny auctions “entertainment” or “competitive” shopping for many of the same reasons. There is a definite thrill to the chase itself.

    I try to help bidders keep things balanced over at http://pennyauctionlist.com – Those who have a hard time disciplining themselves should avoid penny auctions…that near miss sensation will put them over the edge.

    Josh

  35. #35 Browsergames
    December 30, 2010

    Good points?I would word that as any person who in reality doesn’t write on blogs much (actually, this can be my first post), I don’t think the term ‘lurker’ is very turning into to a non-posting reader. It’s now not your fault the least bit , but possibly the blogosphere may come up with a greater, non-creepy title for the 90% of us that experience reading the content .

  36. #36 Online Auctions
    January 6, 2011

    The problem with these penny auction sites like Madbid and Swoopo, is that the bidding fees you can rack up are outrageous. It’s really hard to win anything on most of the sites. If you’re going to use them, stick to the gift cards.

  37. #37 Penny Auction Sites
    January 24, 2011

    So the Mac book is priced at $1,799 and Swoopo racked up $2,151 in bids. If you were to lose just a couple in a row, you’d really be spending a lot more money than the stuff is worth. I mean, sure he got it for 35.86 plus the 400 in bidding fees, but is this the only thing he bid on? I’m sure he’s lost far more money than $1,799. But maybe not, just sayin…

  38. #38 Penny auctions
    March 4, 2011

    So the Mac book is priced at $1,799 and Swoopo racked up $2,151 in bids. If you were to lose just a couple in a row, you’d really be spending a lot more money than the stuff is worth. I mean, sure he got it for 35.86 plus the 400 in bidding fees, but is this the only thing he bid on? I’m sure he’s lost far more money than $1,799. But maybe not, just sayin…

  39. #39 Alex Rhodes
    March 19, 2011

    Swoopo is definitely addicting but I would go as far as calling it the crack of auction sites. I think with any site like this self control is very important. If you’re not able to stop then this isn’t for you. However this can introduce a whole new business model for stay at home parents, and they can effectively win items and resell them. What do you guys think?

  40. #40 virginia seo
    May 6, 2011

    Unfortunately, I disagree with the comment above mine.

  41. #41 Free Aqua Zoo Gamer
    May 13, 2011

    Now swoopo have “technical problems” on there site^^ … but realy they are broke now…

  42. #42 Henry Kafer
    June 19, 2011

    I like your website! Better than the others I have lately study addressing this. The layout is actually nice, thoughts if I duplicate this? Simply kidding?-Thanks!

  43. #43 Phil
    June 23, 2011

    Sadly,I could not see the image for this post. It looked like the code was broken.

  44. #44 Gladys Sime
    June 27, 2011

    Nice post. Affiliate marketing is the way to go if you are serious about making money. I’ve been doing affiliate marketing for about 4 years now and tell you what, don’t fall for those so called gurus selling BS. I just came across a program called “Commision Crusher” by Steve Iser and wanted to tell you about that. I’ve bought it and I’m really happy to tell say that I have made many times the investment in just one week. It truly rocks! You can read more about it here: http://bit.ly/commisioncrusherplus. You can also contact me through my email if you have any questions or need help. I’ll be happy to help :) Barry.

  45. #45 Tyler Niland
    July 6, 2011

    Increased by liquid? Are you serious? I really hope not necessarily. If you ever haven’t much also got a new trial from it, how will you perhaps even judge this.

  46. #46 web directory
    July 7, 2011

    Pls check out my web site as well and let me know what you think. An impressive share, I just given this onto a colleague who was doing a little analysis on this. And he in fact bought me breakfast because I found it for him.. smile.

  47. #47 Taylor Gang Apparel
    July 16, 2011

    I hope the relationship with Amber Rose doesn’t hinder Wiz Khalifa’s artistry. It feel weird when I hear Wiz rapping about having female now we know he only have one.

  48. #48 Tonsillensteine
    July 16, 2011

    Well, in Germany Swoopo filed bankrupcy… so i guess many people realized that they lose money in the end with this website…

  49. #49 ihk umschulung
    July 16, 2011

    howdy, capital blog on jobs. comparable helped.

  50. #50 f50 soccer shoes
    July 22, 2011

    n searching for sites related to web hosting and specifically comparison hosting linux plan web, your site came up.

  51. #51 Hal Rumsey
    July 26, 2011

    I must agree with your post, the fact’s are loud and clear. Keep up the excellent work!mail forwarder

  52. #52 liberty reserve
    July 30, 2011

    thank you for sharing Swoopo : The Frontal Cortex with us, I think Swoopo : The Frontal Cortex truly stands out : D.

  53. #53 Zucker Abnehmen
    July 31, 2011

    Yeah, I guess, I’m going to have to agree with you. Not so shure, how that will effect my love towards pizza, though :D

  54. #54 Tanja
    July 31, 2011

    I’m on my iphone and I can’t seem to see any images. Is that my fault or is the site maybe not optimzied for iphone? Thanks for your reply.

  55. Darn fine webiste!! I expect to see rapid growth for you in the future.

  56. #56 Frankie Herbam
    August 10, 2011

    You’re not going to believe this but I have lost all day hunting for some articles about this. I wish I knew of this site earlier, it was a fantastic read and really helped me out. Have a good one

  57. #57 Anne
    August 13, 2011

    Great post!

  58. #58 beautiful widgets apk
    August 18, 2011

    I like Your Article about Swoopo : The Frontal Cortex Perfect just what I was searching for! .

  59. #59 Leeanna Jubic
    August 25, 2011

    They Should Start Having Guys In Victoria Secret Shows And Maybe Even Make Guy Boxers, Briefs, Boxer Briefs, Ect MAYBE im JusT SAYING

  60. #60 Craig Ivey
    August 31, 2011

    Nice blog, it’s keeping me from getting anything done. I’ll be keeping an eye out for new material.

  61. #61 Cannas Pflanzen
    September 2, 2011

    tolle fungang die genswen den renang ohne fatom. helte mir tiger die kaden und ndole den lelren und iflund den vektro mit lenutzu.

  62. #62 Rolex Air King
    September 7, 2011

    this is nice stuff!, Is this all you or something else? really I want to pay you for this amazing articles rights!. This because I am looking for a really nice good writer. Lets make a deal if you want to write something for me! the payment is good!

  63. #63 Kids Magic Tricks
    September 15, 2011

    Oprah Winfrey~ I finally realized that being grateful to my body was key to giving more love to myself.

  64. #64 Basil Martinz
    September 18, 2011

    Great article, thanks very much . Look forward to seeing more Swoopo : The Frontal Cortex. I thought some of the points though are now a bit outdated. Don’t people expect more nowadays?

  65. #65 Alex
    September 28, 2011

    To my dismay,I was not able to see the image for this post. It seemed like the HTML was wrong.

  66. #66 dallas cosmetic surgeon
    October 5, 2011

    Hello, i think that i saw you visited my weblog thus i came to “return the favor” by showing up on your article here on “Swoopo : The Frontal Cortex”.I’m attempting to find things to improve my web site! I suppose it’s ok to think about a few of your ideas!! ;)

  67. #67 Carolynn Clabo
    October 7, 2011

    a must-reading for those with political ambitions..

  68. #68 Belly Button Rings
    October 10, 2011

    Great goods from you, man. Swoopo : The Frontal Cortex I have understand your stuff previous to and you are just too excellent. I really like what you have acquired here, certainly like what you’re saying and the way in which you say it. You make it enjoyable and you still take care of to keep it sensible. I cant wait to read far more from you. This is really a terrific Swoopo : The Frontal Cortex informations.

  69. #69 Amber Santopietro
    October 10, 2011

    I comment where I see fit.

  70. #70 Moncler Sacs de sortie
    October 13, 2011

    I’m still imagining the high speed chase in the horse and buggy. I wonder if the gangs have names like the Cripps and the Bloods?

  71. #71 SEO
    October 15, 2011

    After research a number of of the weblog posts in your web site now, and I truly like your means of blogging. I bookmarked it to my bookmark web site checklist and can be checking back soon. Pls check out my site as nicely and let me know what you think.

  72. #72 Jesse Alevedo
    October 15, 2011

    Apple is the biggest offender with the size of its logos on its computers but like I said as long as they are limited and I can cover them that is fine.

  73. #73 Discount Ugg Boots
    October 25, 2011

    Die Seite konnte etwas besser zu Navigieren sein, aber der gesamt Eindruck ist schon Ok, wollte ich mal so als Info hier lassen.

  74. #74 one piece swimsuits target
    October 27, 2011

    Enjoyed looking through this, very good stuff, thanks .

  75. #75 Keneth Elshant
    November 3, 2011

    Come visit the awesome new dating site around! Find single people in your area while our offer lasts! http://dating1.todaysdatingscene.info/

  76. #76 Olive Mensik
    November 3, 2011

    Yes, very very nice and impressive! As a “noob” blogger, even the simplest things others take for granted can seem a mystery to us!

  77. Wow he did this probably one of the better articles We’ve go over on the stock market so far. I do not have any idea where you get all of your information but up! I am gunna send a couple of folks on onto take a look at this post. Fantastic, totally awesome.

  78. #78 radiologic technologist
    November 6, 2011

    I tend to some what disagree with what was said although I don’t follow the subject very well. You might have a much better grasp than me.

  79. #79 Lucille Warmington
    November 9, 2011

    any update on this? debt relief

  80. #80 Site Build It Website
    November 10, 2011

    Straightforward and published properly, enjoy the post.

  81. #81 Android Apps
    November 11, 2011

    I like Your Article about Swoopo : The Frontal Cortex Perfect just what I was searching for! .

  82. #82 Android Apps
    November 13, 2011

    Fantastic goods from you, man. Swoopo : The Frontal Cortex I have understand your stuff previous to and you are just too excellent. I actually like what you’ve acquired here, really like what you’re stating and the way in which you say it. You make it enjoyable and you still care for to keep it sensible. I can not wait to read much more from you. This is actually a great Swoopo : The Frontal Cortex informations.

  83. #83 buy growth hormone
    November 15, 2011

    Hello, you used to write fantastic, but the last few posts have been kinda boring¡K I miss your great writings. Past few posts are just a little bit out of track! come on!

  84. #84 kiev escorts
    November 16, 2011

    Hmm.. Nice site but I disagree with the info you wrote here.. And I’m sure that I am not the only one who is feeling like this right now. Call me crazy but I think the total opposite of what you’re saying lol.

  85. #85 Sonia Vogeler
    November 17, 2011

    Great weblog here! Also your site a lot up fast! What web host are you the use of? Can I am getting your associate hyperlink on your host? I desire my site loaded up as fast as yours lol

  86. #86 Jose
    November 18, 2011

    We’re a bunch of volunteers and opening a new scheme in our community. Your website offered us with useful info to paintings on. You have performed a formidable activity and our entire group shall be grateful to you.

  87. #87 Georgann Pavolini
    November 18, 2011

    Heya just wanted to give you a quick heads up and let you know a few of the pictures aren’t loading correctly. I’m not sure why but I think its a linking issue. I’ve tried it in two different internet browsers and both show the same outcome.

  88. #88 website
    November 18, 2011

    Das ist ja grundsätzlich ein gut geschriebener Artikel, aber Du musst irgendwie mal Deinen Blog testen. ich habe jetzt das 4te Mal getestet meinen Beitrag zu senden, das tippe ich jetzt nicht noch alles einmal.

  89. #89 Pablo
    November 21, 2011

    There is visibly a bundle to identify about this. I feel you made some nice points in features also.

  90. #90 beauty salons lancaster
    November 23, 2011

    Can I just say what a relief to find someone who actually knows what theyre talking about on the internet.

  91. #91 hosting
    November 24, 2011

    What’s up dear, are you enjoying with this comic YouTube video? Hmmm, that’s pleasant, I am also watching this YouTube humorous video at the moment.

  92. #92 invest liberty reserve
    November 25, 2011

    Fantastic goods from you, man. Swoopo : The Frontal Cortex I’ve understand your stuff previous to and you are just extremely great. I really like what you have acquired here, really like what you’re stating and the way in which you say it. You make it enjoyable and you still care for to keep it wise. I can’t wait to read far more from you. This is actually a great Swoopo : The Frontal Cortex informations.

  93. #93 christmas barney toy
    November 25, 2011

    Doctor! my sister thinks she’s an elevator. Tell her to come in. I can’t. She doesn’t stop at this floor.

  94. #94 LA Weight Loss
    November 29, 2011

    I like Your Article about Swoopo : The Frontal Cortex Perfect just what I was looking for! .

  95. #95 LA Weight Loss
    November 29, 2011

    I like Your Article about Swoopo : The Frontal Cortex Perfect just what I was looking for! .

  96. #96 LA Weight Loss
    November 30, 2011

    Great goods from you, man. Swoopo : The Frontal Cortex I’ve understand your stuff previous to and you are just too magnificent. I actually like what you’ve acquired here, really like what you’re stating and the way in which you say it. You make it entertaining and you still care for to keep it smart. I can’t wait to read far more from you. This is actually a tremendous Swoopo : The Frontal Cortex informations.

  97. #97 LA Weight Loss
    November 30, 2011

    Excellent goods from you, man. Swoopo : The Frontal Cortex I have understand your stuff previous to and you are just extremely great. I actually like what you have acquired here, really like what you’re saying and the way in which you say it. You make it enjoyable and you still care for to keep it wise. I cant wait to read much more from you. This is really a terrific Swoopo : The Frontal Cortex informations.

  98. #98 Arcelia Sharon
    December 1, 2011

    Howdy! This is kind of off topic but I need some guidance from an established blog. Is it very difficult to set up your own blog? I’m not very techincal but I can figure things out pretty quick. I’m thinking about setting up my own but I’m not sure where to begin. Do you have any points or suggestions? With thanks

  99. #99 LA Weight Loss
    December 2, 2011

    Great goods from you, man. Swoopo : The Frontal Cortex I have understand your stuff previous to and you’re just too fantastic. I really like what you’ve acquired here, really like what you’re saying and the way in which you say it. You make it entertaining and you still take care of to keep it wise. I cant wait to read far more from you. This is really a wonderful Swoopo : The Frontal Cortex informations.

  100. #100 polo shirts
    December 2, 2011

    Time to oust all commies from government.

  101. #101 Suzi Pescador
    December 7, 2011

    I am so glad I identified this blog. Thank you for the data. You make a great deal of very good points in your write-up. Rated 5 stars!

  102. #102 laptops sydney
    December 14, 2011

    Oh my goodness! an amazing article. Thank you!

The site is undergoing maintenance presently. Commenting has been disabled. Please check back later!