In a review of The Bias Against Guns, Pat Buchanan claims that Kleck’s survey found that
11 out of every 12 times citizens use their guns in self-defense, they merely brandish them or fire a warning shot.
and that this was “confirmed” by Lott:
Brandishing a gun stops crime 95 percent of the time, Lott learned.
Buchanan doesn’t seemed to have noticed that Lott’s 95% brandishing number, far from confirming Kleck, contradicts Kleck’s 11/12. Buchanan also got the number from Kleck wrong. Kleck found that 84% involved brandishing or a warning shot and 76% involved just brandishing, making the disagreement with Kleck even larger.