Yesterday I was invited to give this 15-minute presentation (PPT, PDF) to LearningRX about recent perspectives on working memory limitations, and their potential for informing cognitive training and enhancement programs.
In case you’re curious, here’s a list of references:
Baddeley, A. D. (1986) Working Memory. Oxford University Press.
Broadbent, D.E. (1975), The magic number seven after fifteen years. In A. Kennedy and A. Wilkes (eds.), Studies in Long-Term Memory, New York: Wiley, 3-18.
Duncan J, Emslie H, Williams P, Johnson R, Freer C (1996) Intelligence and the frontal lobe: the organization of goal-directed behavior. Cogn Psychol 30:257-303.
Ericsson, K. A., Chase, W. G., & Faloon, S. (1980). Acquisition of a memory skill. Science, 208, 1181-1182.
Kliegl, R., Smith, J., Heckhausen, J., & Baltes, P. B. (1987). Mnemonic training for the acquisition of skilled digit memory. Cognition and Instruction, 4, 203-223.
Klingberg T, Fernell E, Olesen P, Johnson M, Gustafsson P, Dahlström K, Gillberg CG, Forssberg H, Westerberg H (2005) Computerized Training of Working Memory in Children with ADHD – a Randomized, Controlled, Trial.
J American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 44 (2):177-186
Miller, G. A. (1956). The magical number seven, plus or minus two: Some limits on our capacity for processing information. Psychological Review, 63, 81-97
Munakata, Y. (2001). Graded representations in behavioral dissociations. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 5(7), 309-315
Rueda, M.R., Rothbart, M.K.. & Saccamanno, L. & Posner, M.I. (2005) Training,maturation and genetic influences on the development of executive attention. Proc.U.S Nat’l Acad of Sciences 102, 14931-14936.
Sternberg, S. (1966). High-speed scanning in human memory. Science, 153, 652-654.
Towse JN, Hitch GJ, Hamilton Z, Peacock K, Hutton UM. (2005). Working memory period: the endurance of mental representations. Q J Exp Psychol A. 2005 Apr;58(3):547-71.
Unsworth N, Engle RW. (2007). The nature of individual differences in working memory capacity: active maintenance in primary memory and controlled search from secondary memory. Psychol Rev. 2007 Jan;114(1):104-32.Click here to read
Vernon, D. (2005). Can neurofeedback training enhance performance? An evaluation of the evidence with implications for future research. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 30(4), 347-364.
Vogel, E. K., McCollough, A. W., & Machizawa, M. G. (2005). Neural measures reveal individual differences in controlling access to visual working memory. Nature, 438, 500-503.
Williams J, Ramaswamy D, Oulhaj A. (2006). 10 Hz flicker improves recognition memory in older people. BMC Neuroscience 2006, 7:21 (5 March 2006)