Developing Intelligence

In the “motion standstill” illusion, a rapidly moving object is perceived as motionless, and yet not blurred. This means that color, depth, and shape are accurately processed while the motion system fails: in fact, subjects are no better at detecting the direction of motion than chance.

At slightly different frequencies than those which elicit standstill, subjects can even be below chance at guessing the direction of motion, indicating motion aliasing (also observed in the wagon wheel illusion).

One hypothesis about the mechanism driving this illusion is that the temporal frequency of motion that induces motion standstill actually matches the frequency with which the motion system samples the visual field. This is similar to an explanation offered of the wagon wheel illusion itself. An alternative interpretation of the wagon wheel illusion – that it reflects “Reichardt” motion detectors in the visual system – would seem inapplicable to motion standstill, potentially making it a good tool for understanding whether the human visual system does indeed have some kind of visual “refresh rate.”

(Incidentally, this work is being done by George Sperling, who early in his career discovered iconic memory.)

While (unsuccessfully) looking for an example of this fascinating illusion, I found this great collection of other motion illusions. Give the visual area MT in your temporal lobe a good workout!

My favorites:


Motion Color Asynchrony

Rotational Motion Aftereffect

Intersection Luminance and Plaid Motion

Can you identify the letters visible behind the gray background?

Comments

  1. #1 Kevembuangga
    September 21, 2007

    While (unsuccessfully) looking for an example of this fascinating illusion,

    I don’t know if the trick will work for you but I have very often noticed this illusion while in a car:
    Giving a quick glance at the wheels of an overtaking car (so that the relative motion of the car is not the predominant motion) I almost always see the wheels stand still for a fraction of second.

  2. #2 CHCH
    September 21, 2007

    Hm, that sounds like an example of the wagon wheel illusion, which is a fleeting or unstable visual effect. motion standstill is continuous. of course these phenomena might be related in some deeper way…

  3. #3 telefon dinleme
    October 9, 2009

    True that motion standstill is continuous. of course these phenomena might be related in some deeper way…

  4. #4 wob
    May 4, 2011

    can anybody tell me if relitive motion illusions, such as the kitaoka spinning wheel illusion, have to be on a flat surface or would they work as a tattoo? cheers

  5. #5 INESJOHNS31
    August 11, 2011

    Make your life more simple take the business loans and everything you need.

  6. #6 Waller22Brandie
    August 28, 2011

    Set your life more simple get the personal loans and everything you require.

  7. #7 CrystalPerez22
    August 31, 2011

    Make your own life time more simple take the business loans and all you want.

The site is currently under maintenance and will be back shortly. New comments have been disabled during this time, please check back soon.