Dot Physics

Pressure demo: suction

How does a suction cup work? It is all about the atmosphere. Here is a demo. Take some type of “suction cup” device. In this case, I used a toy dart. Stick it to something smooth and lift it up. Like this:

i-0d7b27f1b5e150a31e3ea078281ea92b-2010-03-24_vid00863mp_4.jpg

What lifts up the metal block? The atmosphere. Diagram time:

i-e1f6e84c8863330e3b099ffe5b7525e7-2010-03-24_untitled_5.jpg

But this isn’t a very realistic diagram. Actually, the suction cup would be pushing down on the block because the force from the atmosphere would be too large to balance with the weight. Let me put some numbers in here. Suppose this is an aluminum block – I just going to pretend it is 4cm on a side (and a cube). In this case, the weight would be (the density of aluminum is 2700 kg/m3):

i-be07cbff8230f539eb705cc46a79afd1-2010-03-24_la_te_xi_t_1_8.jpg

How does this weight compare to the force the atmosphere pushes up on the block? (I am assuming the suction cup on the top covers the whole block). The force will be the pressure times the area of the bottom and the atmospheric pressure is about 105 N/m2. This gives:

i-7c8db74e5d903aa1d42993c29ef0247d-2010-03-24_la_te_xi_t_1_9.jpg

What would happen if I remove the outside air? Can you do this? I can not remove it all, but I can remove enough to make a difference. Here is a video of just that. I put the dart with the block in a jar that I can pump the air out of.

Comments

  1. #1 CRM-114
    March 24, 2010

    That’s a cool demonstration. Kudos to whoever thought of proving it was the vacuum rather than adhesion.

  2. #2 oyun indir
    April 2, 2010

    Let me put some numbers in here. Suppose this is an aluminum block – I just going to pretend it is 4cm on a side (and a cube). In this case, the weight would be (the density of aluminum is 2700 kg/m3):

  3. #3 Iram Imran
    March 25, 2012

    I have a GPS suction cup that I placed on my kitchen counter top without the GPS. It is not being used. I just place the suction part on the counter for a day intending to pack it away. Every few hours the suction cup falls to the floor by itself. How does it fall from the counter top where it is just resting with the suction part either facing up or to its side. Thanks

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