Admit it. Youve wondered where the hell blue chicken eggs come from.
I ‘get’ brown eggs. I ‘get’ white, kinda. BUT WHERE THE HELL DID BLUE COME FROM?
‘Well, you see when a chicken lays an egg mid-flight on a bright, sunny day, predators on the ground have a harder time seeing the blue egg…’
No, seriously, whats up with blue chicken eggs?
Turns out it is a side-effect of wayward ERV expression that is not disasterous enough to lead to negative selection! Phenotypic diversity due to mutations!
In that first paper, scientists in China made the initial observation: wayward activity of a bird ERV lead to over-expression of SLCO1B3 in chicken uteruses (uterii?), which leads to the transport of bile salt, which leads to blue chicken eggs!
Since these were Chinese chickens laying blue eggs, what about other chickens in Europe? North and South America?
In the second paper, researchers investigated why those other chickens laid blue eggs. Was it the same ERV at the same location leading to the same phenotype due to common descent? OR was it a different ERV at a similar location leading to the same phenotype? OR was it a totally different phenomenon?
The South American and European chickens have the same ERV insertion at the same site, which enhanced SLCO1B3 expression. The Chinese chickens had a different ERV inserted in a different site, but it lead to the exact same phenotype due to again, enhanced SLCO1B3 expression.
So which came first? The chicken or the blue egg?
A retroviral infection of an egg or sperm lead to the formation of a chicken (white egg) with the appropriate ERV insertion. That chicken subsequently laid blue eggs. This happened once to give rise to the Chinese blue-egged chickens, and then again to give rise to the South American/European blue-egged chickens.