Gene Expression

The long fuse of mammalian diversity

Study Re-evaluates Evolution of Mammals:

Until now, however, most paleontologists had favored a “short-fuse” model in which mammals came into their own almost immediately after the dominant reptiles vacated their habitats. Before the extinctions, most mammals were small nocturnal creatures.

The new study confirmed and elaborated on earlier research by molecular biologists indicating that many of today’s mammalian orders originated from 100 million to 85 million years ago. The reasons for this evolutionary burst are not clear.

Drawing on both molecular and fossil data, the researchers said they found that the “pivotal macroevolutionary events for those lineages with extant mammalian descendants” occurred well before the mass extinction and long after. They emphasized that the molecular and fossil evidence provide “different parts of this picture, attesting to the value of using both approaches together.”

I don’t know much about this, but this seems cool. I hadn’t known that the molecular biologists and paleontologists were arguing about the deep lineages inferred from the genetic data, and it seems like the outcome was similar to the 1970s where the molecular side was validated by new finds.


  1. #1 Will Baird
    March 28, 2007


    I think that you will find that this was during the Cretaceous when the continents were rather fragmented[1]. I believe you gene-muckers can probably find a explanation from there. 🙂


  2. #2 Mike McKeown
    March 29, 2007

    I just finished Dawkins’ “Ancestors’ Tale”. In writing that a couple of years ago he already stressed, from molecular evidence, that the major divisions in mammals were genetically established in the range discussed in the paper. He did suggest that most of the lineages probably were rather shrew-like.

  3. #3 razib
    March 29, 2007

    mike, i recall that. that is why i was surprised that the deep lineages weren’t accepted….

  4. #4 Alan Kellogg
    March 31, 2007

    As I understand it, the sequence appears to be monotreme-marsupial-placental. This be the case, then monotremes would have to go back a lot further than we think; insofar as we’ve found placental fossils older than the oldest monotreme fossils. Indeed, the monotremes may actually be advanced triconodonts, making them the oldest mammalian line currently exant.

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