Mike the Mad Biologist

Via LiveScience comes this interesting story about gay relationships during medieval times (italics mine):

Civil unions between male couples existed around 600 years ago in medieval Europe, a historian now says.

Historical evidence, including legal documents and gravesites, can be interpreted as supporting the prevalence of homosexual relationships hundreds of years ago, said Allan Tulchin of Shippensburg University in Pennsylvania.

If accurate, the results indicate socially sanctioned same-sex unions are nothing new, nor were they taboo in the past.

“Western family structures have been much more varied than many people today seem to realize,” Tulchin writes in the September issue of the Journal of Modern History. “And Western legal systems have in the past made provisions for a variety of household structures.”

For example, he found legal contracts from late medieval France that referred to the term “affrèrement,” roughly translated as brotherment. Similar contracts existed elsewhere in Mediterranean Europe, Tulchin said.

In the contract, the “brothers” pledged to live together sharing “un pain, un vin, et une bourse,” (that’s French for one bread, one wine and one purse). The “one purse” referred to the idea that all of the couple’s goods became joint property. Like marriage contracts, the “brotherments” had to be sworn before a notary and witnesses, Tulchin explained.

The same type of legal contract of the time also could provide the foundation for a variety of non-nuclear households, including arrangements in which two or more biological brothers inherited the family home from their parents and would continue to live together, Tulchin said.

But non-relatives also used the contracts. In cases that involved single, unrelated men, Tulchin argues, these contracts provide “considerable evidence that the affrèrés were using affrèrements to formalize same-sex loving relationships.”

The ins-and-outs of the medieval relationships are tricky at best to figure out.

“I suspect that some of these relationships were sexual, while others may not have been,” Tulchin said. “It is impossible to prove either way and probably also somewhat irrelevant to understanding their way of thinking. They loved each other, and the community accepted that.”

What always strikes me is how those who oppose gay marriage inevitably start talking about gay sex (as if many heterosexual acts don’t involve poking things and swapping fluids). The notion of emotional attachment between gay people never seems to enter their minds, even though every gay or lesbian person that I personally know is in a long-term relationship (and living in Boston I know quite a few).

This says a lot more about those who oppose gay marriage than those who are gay.

Comments

  1. #1 Michael Zappe
    August 30, 2007

    Is this supposed to mean anything?

    We’ve had agreements like this extending back throughout history, extending into ancient times. Look at the old Semitic covenants &mdash that had nothing to do with being gay.

    “I suspect that some of these relationships were sexual, while others may not have been,”

    Scientifically determined, I suppose? What percentage again?

  2. #2 DuWayne
    September 1, 2007

    (as if many heterosexual acts don’t involve poking things and swapping fluids).

    No, no, no. Hetero sex is very clean and pure, no fluid swapping or poking going on here. We just sit holding hands and looking at each other. If we’re feeling particularly randy, we might have a chaste peck on the cheek. ‘Cause if you kiss on the lips, the tongues might brush together and everybody knows that’s how babies get made. . .

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