Mixing Memory

“Six Views of Embodied Cognition”

Those of you interested in embodied cognition, and issues of knowledge representation, should find this paper interesting:

Wilson, M. (2002). Six views of embodied cognition. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 9(4), 625-636.


The emerging viewpoint of embodied cognition holds that cognitive processes are deeply rooted in the body’s interactions with the world. This position actually houses a number of distinct claims, some of which are more controversial than others. This paper distinguishes and evaluates the following six claims: (1) cognition is situated; (2) cognition is time-pressured; (3) we off-load cognitive work onto the environment; (4) the environment is part of the cognitive system; (5) cognition is for action; (6) offline cognition is body based. Of these, the first three and the fifth appear to be at least partially true, and their usefulness is best evaluated in terms of the range of their applicability. The fourth claim, I argue, is deeply problematic. The sixth claim has received the least attention in the literature on embodied cognition, but it may in fact be the best documented and most powerful of the six claims.


  1. #1 shreeharsh
    November 27, 2006

    Thanks for the paper! I’m actually pretty interested in Embodied and Situated Cognition — and one of the papers I found useful was this survey paper by Michael Anderson: http://citeseer.ist.psu.edu/anderson03embodied.html

    I came to Embodied Cognition from the AI/Computer Science persepective and am currently making a list of books that I need to read to know more. I can’t really read all the books that I’ve found so far (most from the bibliography of the Anderson survey) but I’d really like to isolate all the references to some core papers/books on EC. Any suggestions, tips?

  2. #2 Fido the Yak
    November 28, 2006

    That link didn’t work for me. Said it expired. This link seems to work:


  3. #3 Chris
    November 28, 2006

    Thanks Fido. I think I used the url that you get after you select whether you want it all at once or a page at a time, and apparently, that url’s temporary.

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