Neuron Culture


Red-cockaded woodpeckers, by Earl Lincoln Poole, from Harold Bailey’s Birds of Virginia, 1913; via Wikipedia Commons.


North Carolina landowners are clearcutting pine forests to make sure those pesky red-cockaded woodpeckers don’t set up shop, according to this depressing, distressing report in today’s Times.

BOILING SPRING LAKES, N.C., Sept. 23 (AP) — Over the past six months, landowners here have been clear-cutting thousands of trees to keep them from becoming homes for the endangered red-cockaded woodpecker.

The chain saws started in February, when the federal Fish and Wildlife Service put Boiling Spring Lakes on notice that rapid development threatened to squeeze out the woodpecker.

The agency issued a map marking 15 active woodpecker “clusters,” and announced it was working on a new one that could potentially designate whole neighborhoods of this town in southeastern North Carolina as protected habitat, subject to more-stringent building restrictions.

Hoping to beat the mapmakers, landowners swarmed City Hall to apply for lot-clearing permits. Treeless land, after all, would not need to be set aside for woodpeckers. Since February, the city has issued 368 logging permits, a vast majority without accompanying building permits.

The results can be seen all over town. Along the roadsides, scattered brown bark is all that is left of pine stands. Mayor Joan Kinney has watched with dismay as waterfront lots across from her home on Big Lake have been stripped down to sandy wasteland….

Bonner Stiller has been holding on to two wooded half-acre lakefront lots for 23 years. He stripped both lots of longleaf pines before the government could issue its new map.

“They have finally developed a value,” said Mr. Stiller, a Republican member of the state General Assembly. “And then to have that taken away from you?”

Landowners have overreacted, says Pete Benjamin, supervisor of the federal agency’s Raleigh office.

Having a woodpecker tree on a piece of property does not necessarily mean a house cannot be built there, Mr. Benjamin said. A landowner can even get permission to cut down a cavity tree, as long as an alternative habitat can be found.

“For the most part, we’ve found ways to work with most folks,” he said.

This horror show highlights a number of weaknesses in our country’s environmental laws, not to mention a failure of education and communication. Three that stand out here are the clumsiness of the endangered species regulations and procedures, which meant that the Fish and Wildlife Service’s initial communications to the Boiling Springs landowners were vague; the history of fear-mongering about the Endangered Species Act, which had the landowners convinced in advanced that they’d use all use to their lands if a pecker ever pecked one of their trees; and the lack of any laws requiring that large or waterfront clearcuts have some forest-management rationale. This is an awfully clumsy way to do things.


  1. #1 Taylor Severns
    September 28, 2006

    I found this article to be incredibly disheartening, I am outraged both that landvalues come before endangered species…and who could ever think that clear cutting was a solution to anything? Also am appalled at lack of communication between conservators and townsfolk-this is a calamity that could easily have been avoided. Am definatly bringing this article into my environmental classes.

  2. #2 Karen Smith Barak
    December 17, 2006

    Really sad to see this reaction – and the outcome of it all. Could have been so different if only there was a different mindset. Plan to use this as for a point of dicussion in my spring outdoor ed course – Karen

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