Looks like, once again, when somebody bothers to crunch the numbers those flimsy justifications for abstinence-only programs are found lacking.
“It is remarkable that teens are becoming better contraceptors even as there are efforts afoot to reduce the information and skill-building that they receive about contraception,” said Freya L. Sonenstein, a professor and director of the Center for Adolescent Health at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
Truer words have never been spoken.
Only 14 percent of the decline in pregnancy was attributed to reductions in teens’ sexual activity, the researchers noted.
In addition, Santelli’s group developed a “contraceptive risk index” to account for effectiveness of contraceptive use. They also developed an overall “pregnancy risk index” calculated by the contraceptive risk score and the percentage of teens reporting sexual activity.
These data revealed that, among teens 15 to 17 years old, 77 percent of the drop in pregnancy was due to more contraceptive use and 23 percent to reduced sexual activity.
Based on their findings, the researchers believe that contraception may be the best way to further reduce the number of teens getting pregnant.
Just a cursory look at the numbers will tell any thinking individual that if you want to cut teen pregnancy, the best way to do it is to provide teens with ALL the available information.
“Abstinence promotion is a worthwhile goal, particularly among younger teenagers; however, the scientific evidence shows that, in itself, it is insufficient to help adolescents prevent unintended pregnancies,” the researchers wrote. “The current emphasis of U.S. domestic and global policies, which stress abstinence-only sex education to the exclusion of accurate information on contraception, is misguided,” they concluded.
American boys and girls are delaying sexual activity, Sonenstein noted. “Indeed, one of the unanticipated trends is the decline in sexual activity among male teens who no longer show higher rates of sexual experience compared to female teens,” she said.
Sonenstein believes that contraception use and delayed sexual activity work hand-in-hand to prevent unwanted pregnancy among teens.
“While it may be useful to think about the delay of sexual activity and increased contraceptive use as unrelated behaviors, research tells us that the older teens are at sexual initiation, the more likely they are to use contraception,” Sonenstein said. “Thus, prevention efforts should emphasize both the need to reduce sexual activity and to use contraception when activity occurs.”
When it comes to public health, we should no longer allow partisan politics and ideological dogma to factor into serious policy decisions. Knowledge is not to be feared, as even our youngest adults are now showing us by making responsible decisions based upon evidence. Too bad the pro-abstinence-only “adults” can’t say the same thing.