Pharyngula

Secular horror?

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Remember Melinda Barton and that awful piece on the Raw Story? It was taken down, and now it’s back up with a few changes, I think. The editors asked me to submit a rebuttal. It’s online at the Raw Story now, along with that lovely icon to the right (“Secular Horror”?). You can read it there, or if you are so annoyed at the Raw Story that you never ever want to visit their site again, I’ve put a copy below the fold.

I’ll just add that the first comment over there makes me regret being nice. No, I do not retract or regret anything I originally said about Barton’s hacky work, and that is not why I did not expand on my point-by-point rebuttal. I thought I’d been sufficiently thorough to begin with, and wanted to get a positive view of secularism out there.

We should all be secularists

As some readers of the Raw Story may know, a recent article by Melinda Barton, “The Left’s own religious whackjobs”, inspired some ferocious denunciations, both in comments and on the wider web. The editors have invited me, an outspoken atheist who has never hesitated to criticize the religious, to provide a rebuttal. I choose not to do that (for one thing, I already wrote a point-by-point rejection of her thesis on my weblog here: ), but will instead say a few words about the virtues of godlessness, and why even the devout progressive should accept us as comrades-in-arms.

If there were but one message I wanted to communicate, though, it would be that secularism is a progressive value; it is something we should be promoting as a core part of our identity, and an absolutely essential property of good government. Secularism does not in any way imply atheism or agnosticism, nor is unbelief a prerequisite for favoring a government that is completely independent of sectarian religion. At the time of the founding of our country, among the most vigorous advocates of the separation of church and state were the Baptists, not the atheists, who were then and have always been a tiny minority. In a country with a plurality of diverse beliefs (and that also has not changed), it makes sense that the government that serves them all should make no commitment to any one brand of religion, and that we should enforce a studied indifference to all forms of the sacred. It may be counterintuitive to some, but that is the only way to protect the independence and variety of religions that are (unfortunately, to an atheist) thriving in America.

Here’s something else on which progressives, both religious and non-religious, should agree: religion is a personal, private, and idiosyncratic belief. What you think in the privacy of your own mind, your home, or any community of the like-minded is not something which should be restricted. However, such personal beliefs should not dictate public policy, except in the broadest sense: if your religious beliefs promote charity, for instance, we shouldn’t stand in the way of that. However, when the government favors ‘faith-based’ charities over those free of religious ideology, then we are seeing shared public investment used to inequitably promote an unjustifiable bias.

This world around us, the material, measurable, physical universe, is shared between us. The supernatural sphere, which we atheists deny, is not, and is peculiar to each religious group and even to each individual. We should be governed by those principles we all hold in common, rather than some untestable and immaterial doctrine held on faith by some minority…or even a majority. It does not violate church doctrine to point out that there is a worldly component to our existence—Catholics are bound by gravity, Jews do no violate the laws of thermodynamics, Muslims are worried about Peak Oil, and even atheists heed the Golden Rule—so it seems reasonable to me that we should insist that our public servants should restrict their concerns to that worldly part. They can pray for us on their off-hours.

I think that what does far more harm to our cause is to consciously and explicitly associate that reasonable insistence on a secular government with atheism (at least, that is, until we remove the stigma of atheism). It reinforces those false notions that good Christians want a Christian government, that America is a Christian nation, that religion is an essential part of patriotism, and that only the godless would want to keep superstition, religion, dogma, and the supernatural out of a rational government. That is the antithesis of a liberal position, and it supports the goals of the Religious Right. How are we going to promote the virtues of a secular government when our own side panders to the kneejerk anti-atheism of the majority by tying it to a rejection of religion, while simultaneously alienating the freethought community by damning them as extremists?

Here’s another important progressive value: tolerance. There is much confusion about what tolerance means. It does not mean that you only allow people whose ideas you like in the party; quite the contrary, if you like and approve of them, it doesn’t require the virtue of tolerance to accommodate them. Theists and atheists have mutually exclusive ideas about the afterlife, spirituality, deities, etc.—tolerance means learning to hold your nose and deal with people whose beliefs on intangible and irrelevant issues are incompatible with yours in order to make progress on other matters. Trust me on this, but atheists are quite used to holding their gorge back in the face of the daily, unthinking assault of religiosity we face in this country; it would be nice if the Christian majority would learn to return the favor.

Let’s compromise. The liberal religious find our disbelief objectionable and uncomfortable. We atheists find their beliefs in the unseen and untestable silly and baseless. We can agree to detest each other’s ideas about faith and an afterlife, and even berate each other publicly for each other’s beliefs while still finding common cause in improving the world here and now; while our motives may differ, we all want to protect civil liberties, fight for economic equality, oppose the war, promote conservation and renewable energies, fund education and science, and even oppose religious discrimination.

I’m an atheist, and I vote for progressive candidates…even the ones that loudly profess their deep religious beliefs (which is, ummm, like all of them. I don’t seem to have much of a choice.) That could only change if progressives abandon their principles and instead find common cause with the Religious Right, making irrelevant piety a prerequisite for patriotism. I see signs of that happening, especially when liberal Christians and Jews are willing to call atheists a threat to freedom and liberty and urge disavowal of some of their most reliable colleagues. Don’t blame atheists for driving our country towards Gilead; that’s the last place we want to end up.

Comments

  1. #1 Yudel
    April 30, 2006

    Amen, brother!

  2. #2 Jody
    April 30, 2006

    Now that’s the perfect thing to read on a Sunday morning. As usual, I tip my hat to you, Sir.

  3. #3 ArtK
    April 30, 2006

    Bravo!

  4. #4 JP
    April 30, 2006

    It coulda been worse, the icon could have said “Secular Whore”.

  5. #5 ¡El Gato Negro!
    April 30, 2006

    ¿Secular Horror?

    ¿Maybe horror at having la religión forced down our gullets at every opportunity, no?

    Otherwise, the article, she was how-joo-say “spot-on”.

    so.

  6. #6 Kyle Potter
    April 30, 2006

    You’re a class act.

  7. #7 theoraclemachine
    April 30, 2006

    You think the picture next to your article is bad…if I’m not mistaken, that is the Scientology cross next to Ms. Barton’s article.

  8. #8 Alon Levy
    April 30, 2006

    Although the first comment to your post is bad, the rest are fairly good (though the one about slang is incomprehensible). Subsequent comments address that first comment of yours, so I presume that being nice paid.

  9. #9 Major Bloodnok
    April 30, 2006

    Most eloquently put, sir.

  10. #10 Tara Mobley
    April 30, 2006

    I think what you wrote is wonderful, PZ. I don’t want religious convivtion to be a prerequisite for patriotism either. You’re right, it isn’t progressive to have that. And thanks for writing it so nicely.

  11. #11 Paladin165
    April 30, 2006

    This is hilarious. Barton is telling us to watch out for extremist wackjobs on the left, but Myer’s sober reply makes her look like the whackjob in the discussion.

    At the same time, I sympathize with some of Barton’s points. I mean I don’t think we should go around harassing people for their private beliefs. And I don’t think atheism should be our state religion. But as Myers has pointed out, it doesn’t seem like anyone is actually espousing this view.

    In the end, I’m just confused. Trying to look past her Ann Coulter-style rhetoric, what was Barton’s original point?

  12. #12 quork
    April 30, 2006

    In the end, I’m just confused. Trying to look past her Ann Coulter-style rhetoric, what was Barton’s original point?

    I think it was all a setup for publicly quoting the Torah.

  13. #13 udargo
    April 30, 2006

    For some reason I can’t read the damn comments on the piece. When I click on comments, it does nothing. Grrr.

    I think that was a great piece, Dr. Myers. Unbridled, unapologetic vitriol can be amusing and cathartic, and probably doesn’t hurt website traffic statistics, but writing like this will always be more productive, even if it isn’t as much fun to write.

    I’ll be sending that link to a few people.

  14. #14 Ian Gibson
    April 30, 2006

    At the same time, I sympathize with some of Barton’s points. I mean I don’t think we should go around harassing people for their private beliefs.

    Erm, but it’s the religious who insist on doing this! All atheists want is for church & state to remain separate.

  15. #15 The Disgruntled Chemist
    April 30, 2006

    Great article, PZ. If people read it with an open mind (which seems unlikely based on the tone of Barton’s original article), I think they’re likely to agree with you, or at least acknowledge that you make some excellent points.

  16. #16 Kristine
    April 30, 2006

    Well done. We need common ground in this country: a secular government neutral to religion, and a general acknowledgement of basic physical facts. True freedom springs from this.

  17. #17 Dustin
    April 30, 2006

    [monster truck announcer voice]
    Now, at the City Arena, 5 days of unlimited carnage and destruction as the Local Area Freethinkers bring you:
    EXTREME ATHEISM! (*echo*)
    Watch in horror as PZ Myers devastates bronze age myths and misogynist value systems. This nonstop onslaught of progressive liberalism and godlessness will make you want your mommie. With special guests: Stephen “The Mad Boson” Weinberg and The Dawkinsator! Free admission for children under 12.
    [/monster truck announcer voice]

  18. #18 theRidger
    April 30, 2006

    udargo – the comments at Raw Story are in a pop-up window, so if you have pop-ups disabled you won’t be able to read them.

    Now – PZ: great rebuttal. Both of them.

  19. #20 Alon Levy
    April 30, 2006

    How much are you willing to bet that exactly zero people who berated you for not knowing about coalition building will back down?

  20. #21 Dustin
    May 1, 2006

    Thanks for the link, Bubba. I’m really getting a little tired of Melinda. After all, if she’s only aiming all of this at what she keeps claiming is a small minority of an already small minority, then what is she railing about? The only whackjob here is Melinda. She’s blanketing all of us as whackjobs, and then trying to retreat by saying she was only tilting at windmills anyway.

  21. #22 quork
    May 1, 2006

    In one of his editorial mis-posts, Avery Walker said:

    There are many legitimate criticisms of this piece to be made. Sadly, they have become lost in a crowd of straw men. So, this link has been removed from the main page. It will reappear on the front page, along with two rebuttals of its content at a later date.

    So, where’s the second rebuttal?

  22. #23 dkew
    June 12, 2006

    Just wondering: Is Melinda Barton connected to pseudo-historian David Barton, quote-miner and fabricator of quotes that (if true) would show the Founding Fathers were fundy loons?

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