The never-ending discussion of whether the Web can or should replace books has shifted into the corners of blogdom that I follow again, with Kevin Drum arguing for more books, Henry Farrell arguing for shorter books, and Jim Henley agreeing with Henry, and expanding it to fiction. They’re all at least partly right– more shorter books would be a good thing.

I do want to pick up on one thing Kevin said, though. He writes:

This is, I grant, a purely personal reaction, but one of my occasional frustrations with the blogosphere is a sense that people sometimes think they can understand complex issues merely by reading lots of blog posts and newspaper articles. I’m not so sure of that. There’s a big difference between a 100,000-word book on healthcare and 100,000 words of real-time commentary on healthcare. You can learn a lot from the latter, but very frequently you miss the big picture because (a) it’s not all there and (b) you have to put it together yourself over time. The result is a sort of glib and shallow understanding that can produce enjoyable polemics or good water cooler arguments, but not much more.

A few hours spent with a carefully constructed book, on the other hand, can change the way you think about something by showing you history, context, and all the non-sexy stuff — in other words, all the messy complexity — in a single package that you absorb all at once. Basically, if you read Sick, you’re getting years of Jon Cohn’s distilled knowledge of American healthcare in a few hours. To get the same from his blog posts, you’d have to spend months or years reading them, and you still wouldn’t get it all.

The addition I would make (which is sort of implied, but could stand to be brought out more) is this: In addition to forcing arguments to be shorter, the normal operation of blogs changes the content of what’s presented. It’s not just that blogs lack context, it’s that they’re skewed toward topics that generate lots of argument.

My stock example of this is the online discussion of Chris Mooney and Sheril Kirshenbaum’s Unscientific America. If you read the online commentary about it, you would think that three-quarters of the book was devoted to a concerted effort to suppress atheists online. That’s generated most of the discussion because there are dozens of people with blogs who leap on any excuse to rant and rave about religion or the lack thereof.

In fact, material related to religion and particularly maybe a quarter of the book. Religion is one of several factors they discuss as presenting problems for science in the US, and it’s not even the most important one. The stuff about atheist blogs is a single short chapter, which isn’t all that central to the overall argument.

Reading about the subject online would give you a ridiculously skewed version of things, because people who run blogs post things that they think will bring in readers, and they respond to other people who talk about their hot-button issues, and pretty soon the whole conversation is given over to whatever people find most upsetting. Even somebody writing a blog with the best of intentions to give the full picture of things will end up pulled toward whatever the hot subjects are, by the dynamics of the medium.

A book, on the other hand, can be a self-contained thing, and doesn’t need to respond in real time to whatever gets people’s panties in a twist. Which means you can give a more balanced picture, rather than being driven by the whims of the audience.

I do agree with Henry and Jim that there are a great many books that could stand to be shorter, and it will be interesting to see if technology does, in fact, lead to more shorter books. I hope it doesn’t lead to only short works, though, because there are advantages to a sustained book-length argument that really aren’t possible to translate into the world of blogs and social media.

Comments

  1. #1 Michael Nielsen
    February 10, 2010

    Chad, can you point to an example of a seriously made argument that blogs can or should replace books? Just to be clear: I’m not looking for examples of arguments that blogs or something similar will kill books for economic reasons. Whether that’s true or not is not directly related to what you’re talking about. Rather, I’m looking for an example of an attempt at a serious argument that blog writing is inherently superior to and can fulfill all the needs of books.

  2. #2 jim
    February 10, 2010

    If you skip the lectures and just read the textbook, you won’t do very well. If you don’t buy the textbook, but religiously attend lectures, you won’t do very well. But, if you both listen critically to lectures and carefully read the textbook, you’ll do well.

    Complementarity and all that.

    The conversations on blogs (at least serious ones), the arguments on blogs, point out topics in books that I might have glazed over.

  3. #3 Mu
    February 10, 2010

    It might be true for non-fiction works, but I buy my fiction by the pound. Preferably with multiple volumes. A good story deserves to be well written, what would have happened if the Lord of the Rings would be a 200 pager?

  4. #4 Eric Lund
    February 10, 2010

    Mu@3: Does the name Bulwer-Lytton mean anything to you?

    Some stories might really need 500 pages or more to be adequately told, and when that’s the case I won’t begrudge the author that total. But at some point an editor has to jump in and tell the author that the book is too #$%^@*^ long. I stopped reading the Harry Potter books after taking the long slog through the fifth one, which really should have been half to two-thirds as long as it was. And the tendency to spread SF novels into trilogies and longer series has really damped my enthusiasm for the genre. I don’t mind Pratchett’s Discworld series, because each novel in the series is self-contained and, while some of them refer to events from previous novels in the series, you need not read them in any particular order. But having to slog through several hundred pages only to find that none of the significant plot points have been resolved (and therefore you have to buy another book to see how it works out) is annoying. So is reading a book that you weren’t aware is not the first book of the series, only to find that most if not all of the significant plot lines were introduced previously and you won’t understand them unless you buy another book and start reading the series from the beginning.

  5. #5 Rokkaku
    February 11, 2010

    Ehh, some of the above makes sense, but I don’t understand why Chad thinks it’s somehow remiss of atheist blogs to comment on the atheist chapter of a book. Of course “the whole conversation” is going to be given over to this issue if you’re on a blog *about that issue*.

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