1583 – Birth of Jean-Baptiste Morin, French scientist
1603 – Death of Andrea Cesalpino, Italian philosopher, physician, and botanist
1855 – Death of Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician, astronomer, and physicist
1922 – Death of Albert Victor Bäcklund, Swedish physicist
1954 – The first mass vaccination of children against polio begins.
2003 – Death of Robert K. Merton, American sociologist