1948 – William Shockley filed the original patent for the grown junction transistor, the first bipolar junction transistor.
1694 – Georg Brandt, Swedish chemist and minerologist
1824 – Lord Kelvin, Irish-born physicist
1904 – Frank Scott Hogg, Canadian astronomer
1937 – Robert Coleman Richardson, American physicist, Nobel laureate
1793 – Gilbert White, English naturalist
1810 – Joseph Michel Montgolfier, inventor of the hot air balloon
1943 – Karl Landsteiner, Austrian biologist and physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine