1964 – Ranger program: Ranger 7 sends back the first close-up photographs of the moon, with images 1,000 times clearer than anything ever seen from earth-bound telescopes.
1999 – Discovery Program: Lunar Prospector – NASA intentionally crashes the spacecraft into the Moon, thus ending its mission to detect frozen water on the moon’s surface.
1718 – John Canton, English physicist
1858 – Richard Dixon Oldham, British geologist
1860 – Mary Vaux Walcott, American artist and naturalist
1918 – Paul D. Boyer, American chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate
1980 – Pascual Jordan, German physicist