Inequality kills

by revere, cross-posted from Effect Measure

One of the nastiest things about the years after the Republicans took control of the Congress in 1994 and Bush the White House in 2001 was the increase in inequality in the US. The rich not only got richer and the poor, poorer, but rich got more comfortable and led better lives. The idea that they got rich because all they did was work is nonsense. They had plenty of time to spend their money and relax. Moreover the prosperity in the economy didn’t accrue to everyone. It was the folks at the top that benefitted. We all know that the rising tide only lifted the yachts, but we sometimes forget that this can also be measured in non-monetary ways, too. This week the CDC released a “Quickstat” comparing the percentage of adults over 25 reporting regular recreational physical activity of at last 30 minutes of a moderate level at least five times a week or 20 minutes of vigorous activity three times a week. We don’t have the data by income or social class but we are given it by a reasonable proxy, educational level. Here is the comparison between 1997 and 2007, adjusted for a standard population:

CDC.exercise.jpg

Over both time periods you can see that the proportion of adult Americans who exercised for pleasure was directly related to educational level: the higher your educational level (which is correlated with income), the more likely a person was to engage in leisure-time physical activity. Not a surprise. But we also see something else. The gap widened, with the highest educational level having an increased proportion while each of the lower levels decreasing. If you completed college you were three times as likely to have exercised than if you had not completed high school.

Inequality is also a public health problem. Inequality kills.

Comments

  1. #1 joe
    March 23, 2009

    So are you suggesting that it’s George Bush’s fault that the people who don’t graduate high school can’t get off their duff and go for a walk?

    I can agree that the poor and uneducated have limited (if any) access to health care, but why would their their socioeconomic status limit their ability to excercise? (And if it’s ‘cuz their busy working three jobs, then they’re probably getting more exercise than the “fat cats” sitting on the yacht all afternoon. Is “exercise for pleasure” the only kind that counts these days?)

  2. #2 Revere
    March 23, 2009

    I would say that the exercise one gets as a laborer or a painter is not the same as the exercise one gets playing a pick-up game of basketball, softball or going to the gym (for the yuppies). Leisure time exercise is a wholly different thing.

  3. #3 EBarrett
    March 23, 2009

    I agree with Revere. There is a rejuvenating factor that is associated with leisure time recreation. Also, you are assuming that the uneducated are doing manual labor. Shuffling between the frier and the take out window isn’t rejuvenating or healthy. I could see that there could be moments of rejuvenating time while painting a house…at a fast food restaurant…um, no.

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