This morning, the Florida Department of Health reported a “high likelihood” of the first localized transmission of Zika virus from mosquito to person in the United States.

Up until now, the more than 1,600 documented Zika cases in the continental U.S. have been related to travel abroad; however, the news from Florida likely means that local mosquitoes are carrying the virus. The news also means that although public health officials have long warned that this day would come, local Zika transmission got here quicker than help from Congress did. Back in February, President Obama requested $1.9 billion in emergency Zika funding based on recommendations from the public health and scientific community. Unfortunately, ruling members of Congress refused to grant that request (one Congress member even labeled the funding a “slush fund”) and instead, Congress left for recess earlier this month without passing emergency Zika funds.

In a news release about the Florida cases, Georges Benjamin, executive director of the American Public Health Association (APHA), said: “Sadly, we knew this outcome was probable with each passing day that Congress failed to fund Zika protection and response. And now Congress has adjourned for summer recess.

“Public health is AGAIN being asked to do more with less to keep Americans safe. We’ll do the best we can. Damage has already been done, but when Congress comes back in September, it must make sending bipartisan Zika legislation to the president a top priority.”

According to the Florida Department of Health, public health officials believe active transmission is currently happening in a very small, one-square-mile area of Miami-Dade County. The agency stated that even though no trapped mosquitoes have yet tested positive for Zika, officials believe that four human Zika cases are the result of being bitten by local mosquitoes. The Florida Department of Health reports:

The department is actively conducting door-to-door outreach and urine sample collection in the impacted area and will share more details as they become available. The results from these efforts will help (the) department determine the number of people affected. These local cases were identified by clinicians who brought them to the attention of the department. In addition, blood banks in the area are currently excluding donations from impacted areas until screening protocols are in place.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is working closely with Florida health officials as they investigate the likely locally transmitted cases. In a CDC news release, Lyle Petersen, incident manager for the agency’s Zika response, said: “We anticipate that there may be additional cases of ‘homegrown’ Zika in the coming weeks. Our top priority is to protect pregnant women from the potentially devastating harm caused by Zika.” CDC Director Tom Frieden said the agency expects “isolated” cases of Zika, but doesn’t expect widespread transmission in the U.S.

On the funding issue, CDC has given Florida more than $8 million in Zika-specific funding and about $27 million in emergency preparedness monies that can be used for Zika efforts. Earlier this month, CDC announced it would begin awarding nearly $60 million to states, cities and territories in support of Zika response and protection efforts — that funding will be made available on Monday. Still, as The Pump Handle reported in May, a lack of congressional action on emergency Zika funds is hampering the country’s public health response and forcing CDC to redirect critically needed funds away from state and local public health agencies.

“This is the news we’ve been dreading,” said Edward R.B. McCabe, senior vice president and chief medical officer at the March of Dimes, of the locally acquired Florida cases. “It’s only a matter of time before babies are born with microcephaly, a severe brain defect, due to local transmission of Zika in the continental U.S. Our nation must accelerate education and prevention efforts to save babies from this terrible virus. Federal, state and local authorities are doing the best they can with the limited resources available to them, but much more is needed.“

Visit CDC to stay up to date on Zika cases in the U.S. Or use this easy template from APHA to call on your congressional representatives to fund Zika prevention and research.

Kim Krisberg is a freelance public health writer living in Austin, Texas, and has been writing about public health for nearly 15 years.

Comments

  1. #1 Stradlater
    July 30, 2016

    Is it true that Zika can cause microecephaly!

  2. #2 See Noevo
    July 30, 2016

    I think the GOP tried to approve over $1 Billion of funding for Zika.

    But I guess the Dems in the Senate thought it was better to have zero.

  3. #3 dean
    United States
    July 30, 2016

    I see once again sn that you are lying by omission. Your (equally as scummy as you) republican folks attached a large number of unrelated cuts to the bill, which was originally designed as an emergency appropriation.

    The Democratic folks were protecting a group of people the Republicans wanted to harm. Of course, as you’ve stated in other blogs, people who are poor, or need health care, or women who are trying to leave bad relationships, have nobody but themselves to blame for their predicaments and deserve no help, hence no mention of the attempt in your post here.

  4. #4 stradlater
    July 31, 2016

    @Dean

    That is quite the indictment.

  5. #5 JustaTech
    August 2, 2016

    Stradlater @ 4: Yes, SeeNoevo has earned quite the reputation around ScienceBlogs. It’s quite frustrating that we can’t have a discussion and disagree; SN has to take very extreme positions.

    As to your question at 1: At this point the data is very suggestive (scientist speak) that zika infection in utero can cause microcephaly.

  6. #6 ackley
    August 5, 2016

    There is a rumor that the Dtap vaccine administered during pregnancy is what is causing microcephaly in Brazil. Here is a study that correlates these two events: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK234367/

  7. #7 Kim Krisberg
    August 5, 2016

    Please note that the publication mentioned in the comment above examined the possible adverse effects related to the pertussis vaccine. It was published in 1991 and does not make a correlation between the recent Zika outbreak in Brazil and microcephaly.

  8. #8 JustaTech
    August 5, 2016

    Kim, Thanks for checking that citation. For anyone who doesn’t want to slog through the paper, it has nothing to do with microcephaly at all (or anything in-utero).

  9. #9 Stradlater
    August 5, 2016

    @JustaTech it has nothing to do with microcephaly at all (or anything in-utero).

    If you had read the peper, then you wouldn’t have said what you did. because it mentions both.
    I did a “control+f” search of the paper for “microcephaly” and found this sentence:
    Prenatal factors are thought to account for 20 to 30 percent of cases. This category includes cerebral anomalies, chromosomal disorders, neurocutaneous syndromes such as tuberous sclerosis, inherited metabolic disorders, intrauterine infections, family history of seizures, and microcephaly (Bobele and Bodensteiner, 1990; Kurokawa et al., 1980; Ohtahara, 1984; Riikonen and Donner, 1979). Perinatal factors are thought to account for from 25 to 50 percent of infantile spasms cases.

  10. #10 JustaTech
    August 8, 2016

    Stradlater @9: Very good! You found a portion of the paper that says that prenatal factors (like microcephaly) are thought to account for 20-30% of cases of infantile spasms, which are therefore not cause by a pertussis vaccine.

    The paper you offered discussed possible reactions to a pertussis vaccine that is no longer in use. The paper did not find that the pertussis vaccine was in any way linked to microcephaly, nor to most of the other events.

    Therefore it is still not relevant to the discussion about Zika.

  11. #11 dean
    United States
    August 16, 2016

    That is quite the indictment.

    It is also the truth.