calories

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The laws of thermodynamics are empirical laws – they were not derived from some first principles of the universe: they were derived by doing thousands and thousands of experiments, and then coming up with some relationships that could quantitatively explain all those experiments. In biological thermodynamics, we are at the beginnings of trying to define…

Heat Capacity in Biology 101

Scienceblogs is promoting the writing of “Science 101″ general topic posts all through the “back to school” month of September. So, here is the first in a multi-part series on Heat Capacity in Biology: Heat Capacity in Biology 101: What is it? Heat capacity is basically a proportionality constant. For any substance, the heat capacity…