Environment https://scienceblogs.com/channel/environment/feed en #1: Is there an evolutionary advantage to "being stupid"? https://scienceblogs.com/lifelines/2017/10/30/1-is-there-an-evolutionary-advantage-to-being-stupid <span>#1: Is there an evolutionary advantage to &quot;being stupid&quot;?</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>And the #1 blog entry published thus far in 2017 discussed whether there was an evolutionary advantage to being stupid:</p> <p>----</p> <p>As I was looking through the scientific literature the other day, I came across an article published in 1973, "The Evolutionary Advantages of Being Stupid." With a title like that, how could I <em>not </em>read it?</p> <p>In this article Dr. Eugene D. Robin discussed how larger and more complex brains are associated with greater intelligence, which by evolutionary standards was thought to be related to "superiority." He described how this line of thinking places man at the peak of evolution resulting in our tendency toward an anthropocentric view of the world. Anthropocentrism also leads to interpreting or seeing things in terms of our own experiences or value/belief systems.</p> <p>Dr. Robin went on to argue that looking at survival of species in hindsight suggests that those which survive have done well whereas those that have died off must have been inferior. Rather, he argues it is important to think dynamically. Meaning that traits evolve continually as does the environment. So a trait that may benefit the species at one point in time might not help at all at if conditions change. He quotes Asimov who posed the question, "Which is the fitter, a man or an oyster?" If Earth were covered in water, clearly oysters would fair better than man.</p> <p>With regards to intelligence, Dr. Robin also proposed thinking in terms of it being a dynamic trait that could help or handicap a species. Take for example diving mammals. Mammals that are good at diving, have evolved the ability to survive with low levels of oxygen. This ability may also protect them from health conditions associated with low oxygen such as blood loss, heart attacks, strokes, etc. In this example, smaller brains relative to body size are more advantageous as it allows the animal to dive longer (and perhaps have better health). In other words, by presumably sacrificing intelligence, the animals with smaller brains have increased survival. His own research looked at turtles that can dive for more than 1 week. To accomplish this, turtle brains create energy through pathways that do not rely on oxygen and, as a result, have reduced activity while diving. Thus, by anthropocentric standards turtles are relatively "stupid" even though they have survived over 200 million years.</p> <div style="width: 399px;display:block;margin:0 auto;"><a href="http://scienceblogs.com/lifelines/2017/02/20/is-there-an-advantage-to-being-stupid/2pseudemys_scripta-2/" rel="attachment wp-att-2994"><img class="wp-image-2994" src="http://scienceblogs.com/lifelines/files/2017/02/2Pseudemys_scripta-1.jpg" alt="2Pseudemys_scripta" width="389" height="292" /></a> Image of turtles from Lvova Anastasiya (Львова Анастасия, Lvova) (Own work (own foto)) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons </div> <p>Another argument Dr. Robin presents is that dinosaurs were great at hunting because they were big. At the same time, their large size meant they needed to eat a lot and thus were at risk of running out of resources. Compare this to humans, who are more intelligent and thus able to manipulate the environment to produce adequate food (and other resources). What impact have these environmental modifications had? Or consider the modern rise of so-called "superbugs" from the overuse of antibiotics. Is human intelligence thus a lethal trait?</p> <div class="def-set"><strong>Source:</strong></div> <p>Eugene D. Robin. The evolutionary advantages of being stupid. <em>Perspectives in Biology and Medicine. </em>16(3): 369-380, 1973. doi: 10.1353/pbm.1973.0060</p> <p>Dictionary.com</p> </div> <span><a title="View user profile." href="/author/dr-dolittle">dr. dolittle</a></span> <span>Mon, 10/30/2017 - 11:32</span> <div class="field field--name-field-blog-categories field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <div class="field--label">Categories</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/channel/environment" hreflang="en">Environment</a></div> </div> </div> Mon, 30 Oct 2017 15:32:58 +0000 dr. dolittle 150530 at https://scienceblogs.com Pollution: not “an unavoidable consequence” of development https://scienceblogs.com/thepumphandle/2017/10/20/pollution-not-an-unavoidable-consequence-of-development <span>Pollution: not “an unavoidable consequence” of development</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>The headlines are grabbing people's attention:</p> <p style="padding-left: 30px;">CBC News: <strong>"<a href="http://www.cbc.ca/news/health/pollution-worldwide-deaths-1.4363613">Pollution causing more deaths worldwide than war or smoking</a>"</strong>; CNN: "<strong><a href="http://www.cnn.com/2017/10/19/health/pollution-1-in-6-deaths-study/index.html">Pollution linked to 9 million deaths worldwide in 2015, study says</a></strong>"; BBC: "<strong><a href="http://www.bbc.com/news/health-41678533">Pollution linked to one in six deaths</a></strong>";  Associated Press: "<strong><a href="http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/nationworld/science/ct-deadly-pollution-study-20171019-story.html">Pollution killing more people every year than wars, disaster and hunger, study says</a></strong>";  The Independent: "<strong><a href="http://www.independent.co.uk/environment/pollution-air-clean-water-vehicles-diesel-car-tax-lancet-report-deaths-fatal-disease-a8009751.html">Pollution is killing millions of people a year and the world is reaching 'crisis point', experts warn</a>.</strong>"</p> <p>News outlets are referring to a report released yesterday by <a href="http://www.thelancet.com/commissions/pollution-and-health">The <em>Lancet</em> Commission on Pollution and Health</a>. The report’s authors---an international team of nearly 50 public health scientists---spent nearly two years synthesizing data on the human health effects and economic costs of toxic substances in the air, soil, and water.</p> <p>Their definition of pollution comes from the European Union:</p> <blockquote><p>"unwanted, often dangerous, material that is introduced into the Earth’s environment as the result of human activity, that threatens human health, and that harms ecosystems."</p></blockquote> <p>The headlines whet my appetite for more of the numbers and the report delivers. For example, the committee's analysis indicates:</p> <ul><li>An estimated 9 million deaths in 2015 can be attributed to air, water, and soil pollution. This compares to an estimated 4 million deaths from obesity, 2.3 million from alcohol, and 1.4 million on roadways.</li> <li>Pollution related deaths are responsible for <strong>three times</strong> as many deaths from AIDs, TB, and malaria combined.</li> <li>Pollution related deaths are responsible for nearly <strong>15 times</strong> as many deaths as those from wars and all forms of violence.</li> </ul><p>The report, however, goes much deeper than calculations and point estimates. Laced throughout the report---explicit and implicit---is a message that governments, foundations, medical societies, and research institutions pay too little attention to the impact of pollution on health. The authors call out political actors, international development and health organizations for ignoring pollution in their agendas. The authors write:</p> <blockquote><p>“Although more than 70% of the diseases caused by pollution are non-communicable diseases, interventions against pollution are barely mentioned in the [World Health Organization’s] Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Non-Communicable Diseases.”</p></blockquote> <p>The identify several factors for the neglect:</p> <blockquote><p>“… A persistent impediment has been the flawed conventional wisdom that pollution and disease are the unavoidable consequences of economic development, the so-called <a href="https://www.economicshelp.org/blog/14337/environment/environmental-kuznets-curve/">‘environmental Kuznets hypothesis.’</a> This Commission vigorously challenges that claim as a flawed and obsolete notion formulated decades ago when populations and urban centres were much smaller than they are today, the nature, sources, and health effects of pollution were very different, and cleaner fuels and modern production technologies were not yet available.</p></blockquote> <p>The authors do not shy away from articulating a path forward to address pollution. I agree with their assessment that sustainable long-term solutions will require a fundamental economic shift. We must move away from the "resource-intensive, and inherently wasteful, linear take-make-use-dispose economic paradigm." (It's a mouthful but sums it up well.) We must embrace and adopt a new economic system that the authors describe as one in which:</p> <blockquote><p>"pollution is reduced through the creation of durable, long-lasting products, the reduction of waste by large-scale recycling, reuse, and repair, the removal of distorting subsidies, the replacement of hazardous materials with safer alternatives, and strict enforcement of pollution taxes.  ...[An economy that] conserves and increases resources, rather than taking and depleting them."</p></blockquote> <p><a href="http://www.thelancet.com/commissions/pollution-and-health">The <em>Lancet</em> Commission's report</a> generated some eye catching headlines. I'm glad I took the time to read it. I hope many others do too.</p> </div> <span><a title="View user profile." href="/author/cmonforton">cmonforton</a></span> <span>Fri, 10/20/2017 - 09:09</span> <div class="field field--name-field-blog-categories field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <div class="field--label">Categories</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/channel/environment" hreflang="en">Environment</a></div> </div> </div> Fri, 20 Oct 2017 13:09:52 +0000 cmonforton 62943 at https://scienceblogs.com Comments of the Week #177: From Nuclear Power and Weapons to God Playing Dice in the Sun https://scienceblogs.com/startswithabang/2017/09/17/comments-of-the-week-177-from-nuclear-power-and-weapons-to-god-playing-dice-in-the-sun <span>Comments of the Week #177: From Nuclear Power and Weapons to God Playing Dice in the Sun</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><blockquote><p>“There are two problems for our species' survival - nuclear war and environmental catastrophe - and we're hurtling towards them. Knowingly.” ―Noam Chomsky</p></blockquote> <p>Well, another week of science has gone by, here at <a href="http://www.forbes.com/sites/startswithabang/">Starts With A Bang!</a> and everywhere else in the world, and while we're down one space mission from the start of the week (Cassini), there are still lots of good things on the horizon! We're just four weeks away from the official release of <a href="http://amzn.to/2wX6B3Y">Treknology</a>, and just a single week away from the new Star Trek series, Discovery, which I'll be officially reviewing on <a href="http://www.forbes.com/sites/startswithabang/">Forbes</a>. Our <a href="https://www.patreon.com/startswithabang">Patreon supporters</a> are continuing to make amazing things possible, as not only are we doing podcasts and producing all we're producing, but we're going to start taking a new stab at a video miniseries, called (tentatively) <em>FantaSci</em>, about the science behind fantasy and sci-fi tropes, worlds, concepts, and technologies. Have a suggestion? Let's hear it!</p> <p>In the meantime, here's a look back at our stories from the past week:</p> <ul><li><a href="http://www.forbes.com/sites/startswithabang/2017/09/09/ask-ethan-how-can-a-nation-have-nuclear-power-without-the-danger-of-nuclear-weapons/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">How Can A Nation Have Nuclear Power Without The Danger Of Nuclear Weapons?</a> (for Ask Ethan),</li> <li><a href="https://www.forbes.com/sites/startswithabang/2017/09/11/now-is-absolutely-the-time-to-politicize-hurricane-irma-and-other-natural-disasters/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Now is absolutely the time to politicize Hurricane Irma and other natural disasters</a> (and Mostly Mute Monday is now on hiatus),</li> <li><a href="http://www.forbes.com/sites/startswithabang/2017/09/12/top-6-discoveries-of-cassini-as-its-20-year-mission-comes-to-an-end/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Top 6 Discoveries Of Cassini As Its 20-Year Mission Comes To An End</a>,</li> <li><a href="https://www.forbes.com/sites/startswithabang/2017/09/13/a-new-record-nears-the-worlds-largest-telescope-prepares-for-completion/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">A New Record Nears: The World’s Largest Telescope Prepares For Completion</a>,</li> <li><a href="http://www.forbes.com/sites/startswithabang/2017/09/14/successfully-predicting-the-future-requires-theoretical-science/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Successfully predicting the future requires theoretical science</a>, and</li> <li><a href="http://www.forbes.com/sites/startswithabang/2017/09/15/proof-of-god-playing-dice-with-the-universe-found-in-the-suns-interior/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Proof of ‘God playing dice with the Universe’ found in the Sun’s interior</a>.</li> </ul><p>That's not a bad week, and as always, you've had quite the diversity of opinions to share. Let's check it out on our <a href="http://scienceblogs.com/startswithabang/category/comments-of-the-week/">comments of the week</a>!</p> <blockquote><div style="width: 610px;display:block;margin:0 auto;"><a href="/files/startswithabang/files/2013/07/opo9919a.jpg"><img class="size-medium wp-image-28722" src="/files/startswithabang/files/2013/07/opo9919a-600x333.jpg" alt="" width="600" height="333" /></a> A NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope (HST) view of the magnificent spiral galaxy NGC 4603, the most distant galaxy in which a special class of pulsating stars called Cepheid variables have been found. Image credit: Jeffrey Newman (Univ. of California at Berkeley) and NASA/ESA. </div> <p>From <a href="http://scienceblogs.com/startswithabang/2017/09/10/comments-of-the-week-176-from-making-heavy-elements-to-why-the-sky-is-blue/#comment-582283">eric</a> on the difference between explaining and describing: "We do science to gain information, and then we use that information to do other things; accomplish human social or policy goals. Are there any activities that can be accomplished by ‘explain’ science that can’t be accomplished by ‘describe’ science? Is mere ‘describe science’ unable to cure cancer? Launch satellites?"</p></blockquote> <p>I think there is a difference, but I think the examples you note are all carefully chosen to be specifically where the difference is obscured. The difference, to me, in the context of actual problem-solving, is that when you can explain something, you understand the intricacies of how it works so well that when you're in a somewhat different situation, you can accurately predict what's going to occur. For a description, you can't. It's sort of like the difference between a physical theory of how galaxies rotate (a halo of dark matter distributed around baryonic matter), versus an empirical correlation regarding the relationship between two quantities (e.g., the Tully-Fisher relation). They can both accurately describe the relationship between a galaxy's luminosity and its velocity dispersion, but only the explanation can allow you to understand other types, morphologies, and classifications of galaxies.</p> <p>A description is enough to accurately describe the behavior of a particular class of systems; an explanation covers more ground than that.</p> <blockquote><div style="width: 610px;display:block;margin:0 auto;"><a href="/files/startswithabang/files/2017/09/16016668166_98ac30706a_b.jpg"><img class="size-medium wp-image-36608" src="/files/startswithabang/files/2017/09/16016668166_98ac30706a_b-600x399.jpg" alt="" width="600" height="399" /></a> Uranium ore contains less than 1% U-235, and must be processed into reactor-grade uranium. A photo of yellow cake uranium, a solid form of uranium oxide produced from uranium ore. Yellow cake must be processed further to become reactor-grade. which is 3-5% U-235. Weapons-grade requires approximately 90% U-235. Image credit: Nuclear Regulatory Commission / US Government. </div> <p>From <a href="http://scienceblogs.com/startswithabang/2017/09/09/ask-ethan-how-can-a-nation-have-nuclear-power-without-the-danger-of-nuclear-weapons-synopsis/#comment-582270">John</a> on the true nuclear fear: "A related concern that terrorists can use to spread the FUD they exploit is to add radiation sources (non-weapons grade) to a conventional explosive bomb to make areas unsuitable for people to live."</p></blockquote> <p>I mean, a nuclear weapon in the hands of a single bad actor is one of the worst-case scenarios imaginable. A nuclear device going off in a heavily populated area could kill millions or even tens of millions, cause many trillions of dollars worth of damage, and could contaminate water, air, and land in places for decades or centuries. A single dirty, nuclear bomb has truly horrific potential.</p> <blockquote><div style="width: 610px;display:block;margin:0 auto;"><a href="/files/startswithabang/files/2017/09/Nuclear_with_Cherenkov.jpg"><img class="size-medium wp-image-36607" src="/files/startswithabang/files/2017/09/Nuclear_with_Cherenkov-600x449.jpg" alt="" width="600" height="449" /></a> Reactor nuclear experimental RA-6 (Republica Argentina 6), en marcha. As long as there's the right nuclear fuel present, along with control rods and the proper type of water inside, energy can be generated with only 1/100,000th the fuel of conventional, fossil-fuel reactors. Image credit: Centro Atomico Bariloche, via Pieck Darío. </div> <p>From <a href="http://scienceblogs.com/startswithabang/2017/09/09/ask-ethan-how-can-a-nation-have-nuclear-power-without-the-danger-of-nuclear-weapons-synopsis/#comment-582272">Elle H.C.</a> on whether nuclear power will be phased out: "I’m not so sure about this. There are plenty of countries planning a phase-out:</p> <p style="padding-left: 30px;"><i>“As of 2016, countries including Australia, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, New Zealand, Norway, Philippines, and Portugal have no nuclear power stations and remain opposed to nuclear power. Belgium, Germany, Spain and Switzerland are phasing-out nuclear power. Globally, more nuclear power reactors have closed than opened in recent years but overall capacity has increased.”"</i></p> </blockquote> <p>There is still a lot of NIMBY fears about nuclear, but until we have either nuclear fusion or high-capacity renewables that can meet humanity's energy needs, our options are either nuclear power or fossil fuels. While there are a few developed nations that are choosing a combination of renewables and (mostly) fossil fuels, the decision to eschew nuclear for fossil fuels is a losing choice for the environment in the long-term, and does nothing to ameliorate the growth of nuclear among developing nations.</p> <p>I read your Wikipedia article that you quoted, and I think the phase-out is not as dominant a trend as you want it to be.</p> <blockquote><div style="width: 610px;display:block;margin:0 auto;"><a href="/files/startswithabang/files/2017/09/cyclone_chart.jpg"><img class="size-medium wp-image-36635" src="/files/startswithabang/files/2017/09/cyclone_chart-600x315.jpg" alt="" width="600" height="315" /></a> Accumulated cyclone energy over a nearly 50 year time period, globally. Image credit: Ryan Maue. </div> <p>From <a href="http://scienceblogs.com/startswithabang/2017/09/11/now-is-absolutely-the-time-to-politicize-hurricane-irma-and-other-natural-disasters-synopsis/#comment-582303">William Later</a> on whether there are significant trends in tropical storms: "Such a clear cut increasing trend.<br /><a href="https://object.cato.org/sites/cato.org/files/wp-content/uploads/cyclone_chart.jpg" rel="nofollow">https://object.cato.org/sites/cato.org/files/wp-content/uploads/cyclone_chart.jpg<br /></a>not."</p></blockquote> <p>The graph you've presented shows two things: a very noisy effect (there's more than a factor of 2 in variation between the lightest years and the heaviest), and a slight upward trend with a large uncertainty. That, by the way, is what the climate models predict, and why NOAA makes careful statements to say that we cannot yet robustly detect the slight upward trend, although all the physics at play shows it must exist and the data is consistent with that to within the uncertainties.</p> <p>But the point about tropical storm strength that I made in the article <em>wasn't</em> that the overall accumulated energy was increasing, even though it should be. The point also wasn't that this is the worst year ever, or that every year will be a bad year, or that this hurricane season is a direct result of global warming.</p> <p>The point was that human activities are affecting the planet in a negative way, that these effects are quantifiable, and that now is the best time to do something about it. There's so much more going on than your oversimplified "don't blame climate for this." Climate is to blame for a lot of long-term trends, like <a href="http://www.politico.com/agenda/story/2017/09/13/food-nutrients-carbon-dioxide-000511?lo=ap_a1">how plants are becoming less nutritious</a>, how <a href="http://www.newsweek.com/climate-scientists-cannot-predict-how-severe-future-hurricanes-will-be-now-663246">coastlines are becoming more vulnerable</a>, or, <a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/13.7/2017/09/06/548658019/climate-power-money-and-sorrow-lessons-of-hurricane-harvey">as Adam Frank noted</a>:</p> <blockquote><p>But in <a href="https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2017/08/did-climate-change-intensify-hurricane-harvey/538158/">the wake of Hurricane Harvey</a> we <a href="http://news.nationalgeographic.com/2017/08/hurricane-harvey-climate-change-global-warming-weather/">can now see</a> what <a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/energy-environment/wp/2017/08/30/katrina-sandy-harvey-the-debate-over-climate-and-hurricanes-is-getting-louder-and-louder/?utm_term=.43c1fe0fa45c">climate change</a> is really about. It was never about clever arguments but, instead, something much more elemental: power, money and human suffering.</p></blockquote> <p>We know <a href="https://theconversation.com/do-hurricanes-feel-the-effects-of-climate-change-83761">how climate change affects hurricanes</a>. We know <a href="https://skepticalscience.com/news.php?n=3878">what the cost of doing nothing is</a>. It's long past time to act, but acting now is still vital. I've been saying this for a long time and will likely keep saying it until we do something about it. Which may not happen in my lifetime, but you've gotta try.</p> <blockquote><div style="width: 610px;display:block;margin:0 auto;"><a href="/files/startswithabang/files/2015/12/1280px-Nasa_astronaut_training_at_NBL.jpg"><img class="size-medium wp-image-33968" src="/files/startswithabang/files/2015/12/1280px-Nasa_astronaut_training_at_NBL-600x400.jpg" alt="" width="600" height="400" /></a> This image shows Hubble servicing Mission 4 astronauts practice on a Hubble model underwater at the Neutral Buoyancy Lab in Houston under the watchful eyes of NASA engineers and safety divers. Image credit: NASA. </div> <p>From <a href="http://scienceblogs.com/startswithabang/2017/09/12/top-6-discoveries-of-cassini-as-its-20-year-mission-comes-to-an-end-synopsis/#comment-582347">Sinisa Lazarek</a> on the tech of deep-space missions: "when it comes to technology evolution and time it takes for probes to get to outer planets, we’ll sadly always lag behind. Meaning, what was cutting edge when the probe was made, will always be retro tech by the time it arrives to the destination."</p></blockquote> <p>This is absolutely true, and it's why the ability to service a space telescope like Hubble was such an incredible boon to science. Think about the images Hubble took in 1995, after the first servicing mission. You know, images like the original Hubble Deep Field.</p> <div style="width: 610px;display:block;margin:0 auto;"><a href="/files/startswithabang/files/2015/01/1-r8NUnLZi9epMpVpzHCcJog.jpeg"><img class="size-medium wp-image-32322" src="/files/startswithabang/files/2015/01/1-r8NUnLZi9epMpVpzHCcJog-600x587.jpeg" alt="" width="600" height="587" /></a> The original Hubble Deep Field, which discovered thousands of new galaxies in the abyss of deep space. Image credit: R. Williams (STScI), the Hubble Deep Field Team and NASA. </div> <p>Now think about what it took with its upgraded cameras more than ten years later. Same optics, mind you, same mirror, same light-gathering power, and almost the same amount of observing time. Yet that better camera technology and computational power sure did make a difference!</p> <div style="width: 610px;display:block;margin:0 auto;"><a href="/files/startswithabang/files/2016/09/HXDF.png"><img class="size-medium wp-image-35186" src="/files/startswithabang/files/2016/09/HXDF-600x523.png" alt="" width="600" height="523" /></a> The Hubble eXtreme Deep Field (XDF), the deepest view of the distant Universe ever taken. Image credit: NASA; ESA; G. Illingworth, D. Magee, and P. Oesch, University of California, Santa Cruz; R. Bouwens, Leiden University; and the HUDF09 Team. </div> <p>We're talking about three times as many galaxies, greater detail, broader wavelength coverage, deeper redshifts, fainter objects, and much more.</p> <p>We are entering an era where we're going to be launching a large number of missions and observatories to the L2 Lagrange point, some 1.5 million kilometers from Earth. The only observatories we've ever serviced were less than 1,000 kilometers from our world. If we want to service James Webb, or WFIRST, or any other future missions, we have to develop the capability of not only getting there, but to either get humans there (some four times as far away as any human has ever gone in space) or to program robots with sufficient precision that they can do the servicing automatically. When you're sending something out into deep space, you're stuck with the launch-era technology, but when you're close to home, you can always make it better if you're willing to invest in doing so.</p> <blockquote><div style="width: 610px;display:block;margin:0 auto;"><a href="/files/startswithabang/files/2017/09/imagecassini.jpg"><img class="size-medium wp-image-36636" src="/files/startswithabang/files/2017/09/imagecassini-600x600.jpg" alt="" width="600" height="600" /></a> The ripples in Saturn's rings as seen up close from Cassini. Image credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute. </div> <p>From <a href="http://scienceblogs.com/startswithabang/2017/09/12/top-6-discoveries-of-cassini-as-its-20-year-mission-comes-to-an-end-synopsis/#comment-582349">Denier</a> on an incredibly cool image from Cassini's finale: "My favorite pic from Cassini from its ‘Grand Finale’ was this one:</p> <p><a href="https://3c1703fe8d.site.internapcdn.net/newman/gfx/news/hires/2017/imagecassini.jpg" rel="nofollow">https://3c1703fe8d.site.internapcdn.net/newman/gfx/news/hires/2017/imagecassini.jpg</a></p> <p>What appears to be a vast number of evenly spaced rings are not individual rings at all. The process that makes this ring appear as it does is the same process that forms the structure in spiral galaxies. The entire ring is a 2 arm spiral wound around and around and around so every other band is just another section of the same continuous spiral arm."</p></blockquote> <p>This is truly incredible, and you can see the density waves bunching up the farther out you go. If you look closely at the lower right of this image, you can also see some vertical ripples which are evidence of a bending wave, which are caused by yet another of Saturn's moons. Those points of light you see? Those are background stars, seen through the diffuse ice-particles that make up Saturn's rings. (Which are 99.9% ice, by the way!) Cassini has taught us some truly incredible things, and as is always the case, it's brought up even more questions that need answering.</p> <p>My favorite image set from the finale, if you were curious?</p> <div style="width: 610px;display:block;margin:0 auto;"><a href="https://68.media.tumblr.com/4d90ce217fb85ef38100c7f6c4d8bc14/tumblr_inline_ovk955VKbG1tzhl5u_500.gif"><img class="size-medium wp-image-36636" src="https://68.media.tumblr.com/4d90ce217fb85ef38100c7f6c4d8bc14/tumblr_inline_ovk955VKbG1tzhl5u_500.gif" alt="" width="600" height="600" /></a> A timelapse of Saturn's evolving ring structure. Image credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute. </div> <p>This incredible showcase of how Saturn's ring structure isn't static, but rather evolves over time. We think of things like orbiting planets and moons and fool ourselves with this vision of the Solar System as unchanging over even long periods of time, but the changes in the rings of Saturn have shown us how naive we truly are when it comes to that point of view. With the exception of a few major static features, normally related to the locations of large moons, Saturn's rings are ever-evolving.</p> <p>And the view is fascinating.</p> <blockquote><div style="width: 610px;display:block;margin:0 auto;"><a href="/files/startswithabang/files/2017/09/eso1617h.jpg"><img class="size-medium wp-image-36582" src="/files/startswithabang/files/2017/09/eso1617h-600x424.jpg" alt="" width="600" height="424" /></a> The construction design for the ELT, revealed in 2016, was the basis for this artist's rendition of what the completed telescope, with the dome open, will look like in approximately 7 years. Image credit: ESO/L. Calçada/ACe Consortium. </div> <p>From <a href="http://scienceblogs.com/startswithabang/2017/09/13/a-new-record-nears-the-worlds-largest-telescope-prepares-for-completion-synopsis/#comment-582348">Frank</a> on what imperfections might be present in an open-air telescope: "“The smoothness of the surface will be a ridiculous 7.5 nanometers”<br /> How about dust from air?<br /> I think it should be possible to keep away dust by creating a (negative?) static electric field all around the telescope."</p></blockquote> <p>I know it's not as impressive as creating a giant static field, but this is part of why it's so important to have that final coating on the telescope mirror. It's not like the mirror needs to be polished; that 7.5 nanometer tolerance is good from the moment the mirror comes off the rack. But the coating is what's so important, both for an additional level of reflectivity and to keep the mirror as pristine as possible. When it does get dusty, that's degradation at work. The only better option? To go to the most dust-free environment we know of: space. But that's a little bit pricier, and a little less accessible for servicing.</p> <blockquote><div style="width: 610px;display:block;margin:0 auto;"><a href="/files/startswithabang/files/2016/11/1-Hv06rx7FcvJ7t66ABABgzw.jpeg"><img class="size-medium wp-image-35347" src="/files/startswithabang/files/2016/11/1-Hv06rx7FcvJ7t66ABABgzw-600x473.jpeg" alt="" width="600" height="473" /></a> The power spectrum of the fluctuations in the CMB are best fit by a single, unique curve. Image credit: Planck Collaboration: P. A. R. Ade et al., 2014, A&amp;A. </div> <p>From <a href="http://scienceblogs.com/startswithabang/2017/09/14/successfully-predicting-the-future-requires-theoretical-science-synopsis/#comment-582361">Denier</a> arguing against the usefulness of theoretical work in science: "</p> <p style="padding-left: 30px;">when a theoretical model makes failed predictions, that doesn’t necessarily mean the theory is a failure</p> <p>By your thinking, can anything ever be proven wrong?</p> <p>As a whole, I think historical observation is far more useful than scientific theory at predicting the future. When cavemen didn’t know what the sun was or that the Earth wasn’t flat, they still knew the sun would come up in the morning."</p></blockquote> <p>First off, yes, theories can be demonstrated to be wrong. "Proven" is the wrong word if we're being pedantic, because you can always tweak your theory or your model to try and fit the observations a little bit better. Sometimes this is a useful approach! We warn laypeople about "throwing out the baby with the bathwater" or advise them to "chew on the meat and throw away the bones" because quite often, there's a seed of a brilliant idea embedded in an overall model, theory, or idea that doesn't pan out.</p> <p>Copernicus' theory didn't work; it was less successful than Ptolemy's. What do you do? Tweak it and work with it, or abandon it?</p> <p>The Big Bang didn't accurately predict the large-scale structure of the Universe, even with the right seed fluctuations. Do you throw it all away? Or do you find the one modification -- dark matter -- that not only makes it work, but that fixes a whole host of other problems?</p> <p>What you are describing as "historical observation" is very closely related to the "descriptive" approach to the Universe we were talking about to start off this edition of our comments. Sure, you can use past experience to predict future behavior. But only if you have a successful theory can you do it, you know, in a quantitatively accurate fashion. That's the difference between a weather forecast and the farmer's almanac, or a meteorological projection and a groundhog. If you want to be intellectually lazy, relying wholly on historical observations will get you pretty far most of the time. But we can go farther. Let's all go together!</p> <blockquote><div style="width: 610px;display:block;margin:0 auto;"><a href="/files/startswithabang/files/2017/09/ChROoxAUkAQseSD.jpg"><img class="size-medium wp-image-36625" src="/files/startswithabang/files/2017/09/ChROoxAUkAQseSD-600x371.jpg" alt="At the photosphere, we can observe the properties, elements, and spectral features present at the outermost layers of the Sun. But it's the processes taking place in the core that provide its true power. Image credit: NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory / GSFC." width="600" height="371" /></a> At the photosphere, we can observe the properties, elements, and spectral features present at the outermost layers of the Sun. But it's the processes taking place in the core that provide its true power. Image credit: NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory / GSFC. </div> <p>And I'll give the last word this week to <a href="http://scienceblogs.com/startswithabang/2017/09/15/proof-of-god-playing-dice-with-the-universe-found-in-the-suns-interior-synopsis/#comment-582374">Frank</a> on the subject of God playing dice with the Universe: "Hidden variable theory seems like a valid counter argument against entanglement at first (like Einstein thought) but if it was true then quantum computers would not work (however we have primitive but working examples of them today)."</p></blockquote> <p>There are two things at play that felt "spooky" to Einstein in quantum physics: the notion that nature would be inherently probabilistic rather than deterministic, and that two objects would affect each other in a faster-than-light fashion. The first one is "determinism" and the second one is "locality" (or non-locality). Hidden variables was a way to try and save both; to say that you can have a deterministic Universe where everything was locally connected, by having some behind-the-scenes variables that are responsible for what we perceive as the quantum nature of the Universe.</p> <p>But that doesn't work for a variety of reasons that have been demonstrated over the past 55 years or so. And the interior of the Sun is a perfect example; without quantum physics, the Sun wouldn't shine at all!</p> <p>What's remarkable about our theories isn't how intuitive or simple they are, but how well they describe the Universe that we inhabit. How successful their quantitative predictions are, and what a wide range of phenomena they apply to. There's nothing else in the Universe quite like the fundamental laws of physics, and perhaps that's what it was that made me fall in love with the subject all those years ago. It's a love that countless others have shared throughout history, and that many will continue to share for generations to come. You're always welcome to share in it with me, and hopefully there will be even more to come in the days, weeks, months and years ahead. See you there!</p> </div> <span><a title="View user profile." href="/author/esiegel">esiegel</a></span> <span>Sun, 09/17/2017 - 02:18</span> <div class="field field--name-field-blog-categories field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <div class="field--label">Categories</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/channel/environment" hreflang="en">Environment</a></div> </div> </div> Sun, 17 Sep 2017 06:18:16 +0000 esiegel 37102 at https://scienceblogs.com The data gap problem https://scienceblogs.com/classm/2017/09/15/the-data-gap-problem <span>The data gap problem</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>“The monitoring of the atmosphere, of the surface of the Earth, of what’s going on in the ocean and under the ice — all of that is overwhelmingly funded by the federal government.”</p> <p style="text-align: right;">— Former Obama science adviser John Holdren</p> <p style="text-align: left;"><a href="https://grace.jpl.nasa.gov/system/content_pages/main_images/19_grace-fo-satellite_768p.jpg"><img class="alignright size-medium" src="https://grace.jpl.nasa.gov/system/content_pages/main_images/19_grace-fo-satellite_768p.jpg" width="452" height="280" /></a>The other day a friend of mine who works in Beijing as a foreign correspondent suggested that of all the acts of stupidity committed by Donald Trump since assuming office, the thing that bothers him the least is the decision to withdraw from the Paris climate change agreement. Haven't we actually moved beyond relying on government to reduce carbon emissions? he asked. Isn't the private sector basically doing that for us?</p> <p style="text-align: left;">This is a common observation. And he wasn't just speaking from the position of someone who's paid to pay attention to what China is doing. A few months ago, you could read all sorts of exhortations about the apparent, or at least impending, decoupling of carbon emissions and economic growth rates. <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/good-news-energy-demand-will-peak-for-the-first-time_us_59b5217be4b0c50640cd6837">Such predictions</a> are practically a growth industry themselves. And it's true so far as it goes. But it doesn't go very far. Yes, wind and solar power are rapidly becoming economic options. But we haven't been able to record a significant global decoupling, and nothing like that for any meaningful length of time. Even if it does come about, we still have to worry about the climate madness that's already been baked into the system by the last 200 years of emissions.</p> <p style="text-align: left;">The more troubling part of this idea is that it leads to complacency about the public sector's role in dealing with climate disruption. To do that we need data. Lots of it. And this is why we should be worried about Trump and his allies, Paris or not.</p> <p style="text-align: left;">The <em>New York Times</em>' Jon Gertner explores what might happen if and when some of the current crop of Earth-0bservation satellites fall out of the sky and aren't replaced. His magazine piece, "<a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/12/magazine/what-could-we-lose-if-a-nasa-mission-goes-dark.html?_r=0">What Could We Lose if a NASA Climate Mission Goes Dark?</a>," focuses on a pair of aging satellites that are the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment, or GRACE. At the beginning of this month, they were falling 250 feet a day. And when they burn up, as they will within months, there goes a massive amount of important data that climate analysts — including the people who are building <a href="https://grace.jpl.nasa.gov/system/content_pages/main_images/19_grace-fo-satellite_768p.jpg">Climate City</a> here in Asheville, N.C. — need to be able to tell their clients how to anticipate the ecological changes that warming the world is already bringing.</p> <blockquote><p style="text-align: left;">... if Grace goes dark or perishes before then, there will be a break in NASA’s continuous observation of Earth’s gravity field and water dynamics. Climate researchers will be confronted with what’s known as a “data gap,” which can leave them at a loss for drawing scientific conclusions about environmental trends.</p> </blockquote> <p style="text-align: left;">Replacements are getting ready, but they won't be launched until sometime next year. Hence the data gap. And if the Trumpistas get their way, this sort of thing is going to become a new normal. As Gertner points out, "the recent Trump budget proposal … made the unusual request of turning off the Earth sensors on an orbiting spacecraft, Dscovr, to save $1.2 million."</p> <p style="text-align: left;">This kind of data-gathering is exactly what the private sector can't do, nor should it. Elon Musk, for all his accomplishments and his desire to save the planet, isn't interested in doing science experiments. He just wants to help governments carrying out that part of the plan. For one thing, scientists are terrible at predicting how useful their data will turn out to be, and how it will be applied. Corporations are loathe to take stabs in the dark. And then there's the cost. Satellites are expensive and by their very nature, operate in a global context. Only governments — and international collaborations of governments — can afford to engage in these types of ventures. And there are other incompatibilities, as Gertner describes:</p> <blockquote><p style="text-align: left;">Private-sector satellite companies have in recent years been expanding the business of collecting and selling Earth observational data, but it’s very unlikely that such firms (or a group of tech philanthropists) could adequately replace NASA’s work. “These are projects that are too expensive or require a large and diverse group of collaborators that can only be assembled as an international project,” said Rush Holt, a former Democratic congressman who is now the head of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. “Or this is work that has to be sustained for a longer period of time than any board of directors from a private company would consider, because it’s not clear enough that it would produce a return on investment in anyone’s lifetime.”</p> </blockquote> <p style="text-align: left;">Another problem that occurs to me is the potential conflict between private and public interests. What happens if a firm that gathered some very useful datasets decides, for whatever reason, not to share them with the scientific community? Some things should never be kept secret.</p> <p style="text-align: left;">So the next time you hear the claim that the free market will take care of climate change, the best response might be: Yeah, it's great that business is finally getting on board. But business can't do it alone, and in fact, without the active and aggressive participation of government, we're not going to be able to handle <a href="https://theintercept.com/2017/09/09/in-a-summer-of-wildfires-and-hurricanes-my-son-asks-why-is-everything-going-wrong/">existing climate trends</a>, let alone what's coming down the pipeline if we don't get those same businesses to stop burning fossil fuels.</p> </div> <span><a title="View user profile." href="/author/hrynyshyn">hrynyshyn</a></span> <span>Fri, 09/15/2017 - 04:27</span> <div class="field field--name-field-blog-categories field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <div class="field--label">Categories</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/channel/environment" hreflang="en">Environment</a></div> </div> </div> Fri, 15 Sep 2017 08:27:43 +0000 hrynyshyn 71064 at https://scienceblogs.com The Trump War on Science: Daring blindness, Denying climate change, Destroying the EPA and other daily disasters https://scienceblogs.com/confessions/2017/09/11/the-trump-war-on-science-daring-blindness-denying-climate-change-destroying-the-epa-and-other-daily-disasters <span>The Trump War on Science: Daring blindness, Denying climate change, Destroying the EPA and other daily disasters</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>The last one of these was in <a href="http://scienceblogs.com/confessions/2017/06/16/the-trump-war-on-science-epa-budget-cuts-more-on-climate-change-the-war-on-wildlife-and-other-recent-stories/">mid-June</a>, so we're picking up all the summer stories of scientific mayhem in the Trump era. The last couple of months have seemed especially apocalyptic, with Nazis marching in the streets and nuclear war suddenly not so distant a possibility. But along with those macro-level issues, Trump and his cronies are still hammering away at climate change denial, environmental protection, research funding and public health issues. As exhausting as it seems -- and this is part of the plan -- amongst all of us opposed to Trump, we need to keep track of a wide range of issues.</p> <p>If I'm missing anything important, please let me know either in the comments or at my email jdupuis at yorku dot ca. If you want to use a non-work email for me, it's dupuisj at gmail dot com.</p> <p>The selections are by no means meant to represent a comprehensive account of everything written about science and science-related over the last few months. I'm not aiming for anything than complete or comprehensive. For example, there are probably hundreds of articles written about climate-change related issues over that period, but I'm just picking up what I hope is a representative sample.</p> <p>The last time around was a bit more thematically organized rather than chronologically. I'm trying the later organizational method this time around to see if I can get a sense of which I prefer or which seems more useful.</p> <p>This post covers from approximately mid-June, 2017 up to August 31, 2017. The fact that most days -- even in the summer -- there are multiple things to report is terrifying.</p> <p>A few general resources:</p> <ul><li><a href="http://www.ucsusa.org/center-science-and-democracy/promoting-scientific-integrity/sidelining-science-from-day-one#.WbG9m7KGOUk">Sidelining Science Since Day One: How the Trump administration has harmed public health and safety in its first six months</a> by The Union of Concerned Scientists </li><li> <a href="https://medium.com/i-climate-scientists">I Heart Climate Scientists</a> </li></ul><p> <br /> And now the full list:<br />  </p> <ul><strong>June 2017</strong><br />   <li>2017.06.01. <a href="https://news.vice.com/story/u-s-pulling-out-of-paris-deal-may-instead-make-china-great-again">U.S. pulling out of the Paris climate deal may make China great again</a> </li><li>2017.06.02. <a href="http://www.esquire.com/news-politics/news/a55434/hurricane-season-no-fema-director-noaa/">Trump Has No One in Charge of FEMA or the NOAA, Just in Time for Hurricane Season</a> </li><li>2017.06.03. <a href="http://www.cnn.com/2017/06/03/politics/trump-energy-spending-innovation/index.html">Trump administration touts innovation, cuts funding for it</a> </li><li>2017.06.04. <a href="http://www.duluthnewstribune.com/news/4278052-duluth-epa-lab-turns-50-low-profile-high-outcome-science-mostly-behind-scenes">Duluth EPA lab turns 50: Low profile, high outcome science mostly behind the scenes</a> </li><li>2017.06.09. <a href="http://www.slate.com/blogs/moneybox/2017/06/09/donald_trump_throws_highway_environmental_reviews_on_the_floor.html">Watch Donald Trump Throw Binders Full of Highway Environmental Reviews on the Floor</a> </li><li>2017.06.09. <a href="https://www.nbcnews.com/business/economy/trump-caps-infrastructure-week-tossing-binders-ground-n770376?cid=sm_npd_nn_fb_ma">Trump Caps Infrastructure Week By Tossing Binders on Ground</a> </li><li>2017.06.13. <a href="http://www.delmarvanow.com/story/news/2017/06/13/president-trump-chats-phone-tangier-mayor/391375001/">President Trump chats on phone with Tangier mayor</a> </li><li>2017.06.13. <a href="http://www.politico.com/states/florida/story/2017/06/13/if-elected-governor-graham-says-florida-would-stick-with-paris-climate-accord-112718">If elected governor, Graham says Florida would stick with Paris climate accord</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.06.14. <a href="https://www.vox.com/policy-and-politics/2017/6/13/15789772/trumps-fossil-fuel-all-stars">Meet the fossil fuel all-stars Trump has appointed to his administration</a> </li><li>2017.06.14. <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2017/jun/14/epa-pollution-rule-delay-children">EPA: air pollution rule should be delayed – despite its effect on children</a> </li><li>2017.06.14. <a href="https://www.forbes.com/sites/marshallshepherd/2017/06/14/actual-scientists-say-sea-level-rise-is-a-threat-to-tangier-island-virginia/#6bd4ea6463eb">Actual Scientists Say Sea-Level Rise Is A Threat To Tangier Island, Virginia</a> </li><li>2017.06.14. <a href="https://www.yaleclimateconnections.org/2017/06/san-diego-commits-to-100-percent-clean-electricity/">San Diego commits to 100% clean electricity</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.06.15. <a href="http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/338027-energy-department-closes-international-clean-energy-office">Energy Department aims to close international clean energy office</a> </li><li>2017.06.15. <a href="https://www.buzzfeed.com/zahrahirji/republicans-and-democrats-blast-epa-budget">EPA Chief Gets Hit From All Sides At First Budget Hearing</a> </li><li>2017.06.15. <a href="http://www.motherjones.com/environment/2017/06/republicans-pruitt-epa-budget-trump/">These Republicans Are Pretty Upset About Trump’s EPA Budget</a> </li><li>2017.06.15. <a href="http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/337979-trumps-epa-budget-cuts-hit-strong-opposition-at-house-panel#.WUNmRbZdwJc.twitter">Trump’s EPA budget cuts hit strong opposition at House panel</a> </li><li>2017.06.15. <a href="http://time.com/4774636/california-air-pollution-climate-change/">Why California's Climate Change Fight Is Also About Public Health</a> </li><li>2017.06.15. <a href="https://www.ecowatch.com/un-biosphere-reserve-2442151611.html">U.S. Quietly Removes 17 Sites From UN Biosphere Reserve Network</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.06.16. <a href="http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/338123-epa-head-met-with-numerous-energy-execs">EPA head met with multiple energy execs in his first weeks</a> </li><li>2017.06.16. <a href="http://www.newsweek.com/trump-doesnt-care-about-hiv-were-outta-here-626285">Trump Doesn't Care about HIV. We're Outta Here</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.06.17. <a href="http://thehill.com/news-by-subject/healthcare/338296-six-resign-from-presidential-hiv-aids-council-because-trump-doesnt">Six resign from presidential HIV/AIDS council because Trump 'doesn't care'</a> </li><li>2017.06.17. <a href="http://www.renewableenergyworld.com/ugc/articles/2017/05/16/navigating-clean-energy-innovation-in-the-age-of-trump.html">Navigating Clean Energy Innovation in the Age of Trump</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.06.18. <a href="https://www.theverge.com/2017/6/18/15826760/president-trumps-aids-hiv-advisory-council-resigned-ahca">Six members of President Trump’s advisory council on HIV/AIDS have resigned</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.06.19. <a href="https://www.cnbc.com/2017/06/19/energy-sec-rick-perry-says-co2-is-not-the-main-driver-of-climate-change.html">Energy Secretary Rick Perry says CO2 is not the main driver of climate change</a> </li><li>2017.06.19. <a href="http://www.iflscience.com/environment/republicans-and-democrats-unite-against-scott-pruitts-heavy-budget-cuts-to-the-epa/">Republicans And Democrats Unite Against Scott Pruitt's Heavy Budget Cuts To The EPA</a> </li><li>2017.06.19. <a href="https://mic.com/articles/180350/trump-administration-will-not-renew-key-epa-advisors-and-cancel-2017-meetings-in-agency-shakeup#.bza9Kf39A">Trump administration will not renew key EPA advisers, cancels committee meetings in agency shakeup</a> </li><li>2017.06.19. <a href="http://www.salon.com/2017/06/19/rick-perry-blames-ocean-for-climate-change-energy-secretary-once-again-denies-scientific-consensus/">Rick Perry blames ocean for climate change: Energy secretary once again denies scientific consensus</a> </li><li>2017.06.19. <a href="http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/06/doe-head-says-carbon-dioxide-not-primary-cause-climate-change">DOE head says carbon dioxide not primary cause of climate change</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.06.20. <a href="http://time.com/4824456/trump-hiv-aids-council-resign/">6 Resigned from Trump's HIV/AIDS Advisory Board. Here’s Why One Doctor Stayed</a> </li><li>2017.06.20. <a href="http://gizmodo.com/epa-set-to-eliminate-over-1-200-employees-by-september-1796282174">EPA Set to Eliminate Over 1,200 Employees By September</a> </li><li>2017.06.20. <a href="http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/06/epa-axes-38-more-science-advisers-cancels-panel-meetings">EPA axes 38 more science advisers, cancels panel meetings</a> </li><li>2017.06.20. <a href="http://www.msnbc.com/rachel-maddow-show/perry-sees-climate-denial-evidence-being-intellectually-engaged?cid=sm_fb_maddow">Perry sees climate denial as evidence of being ‘intellectually engaged’</a> </li><li>2017.06.20. <a href="http://thehill.com/homenews/administration/338533-cook-urges-trump-to-show-more-compassion-with-immigration-policy">Apple CEO Tim Cook urges Trump to show more compassion on immigration</a> </li><li>2017.06.20. <a href="http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/338496-trump-regulators-trigger-pollution-fight">Trump regulators trigger pollution fight</a> </li><li>2017.06.20. <a href="http://www.msnbc.com/rachel-maddow-show/perry-sees-climate-denial-evidence-being-intellectually-engaged">Perry sees climate denial as evidence of being ‘intellectually engaged’</a> </li><li>2017.06.20. <a href="http://www.govexec.com/pay-benefits/2017/06/epa-wants-1200-employees-accept-buy-outs-early-outs/138829/?oref=govexec_breaking_alert">EPA Wants 1,200 Employees to Accept Buy Outs, Early Outs</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.06.21. <a href="http://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/338898-trump-attacks-wind-power-in-state-that-gets-nearly-third-of-energy">Trump attacks wind power in state that gets nearly third of energy from wind</a> </li><li>2017.06.21. <a href="http://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/news/338723-trump-admin-declines-renewing-dozens-of-scientists-for-key">EPA not renewing advisory roles for dozens of scientists: report</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.06.22. <a href="http://thehill.com/policy/finance/338964-gop-senator-slams-proposed-nih-cuts-no-one-should-have-to-defend-them#.WU1_Hmykxuk.twitter">GOP senator slams proposed NIH cuts: ‘No one should have to defend’ them</a> </li><li>2017.06.22. <a href="http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/339032-trump-removes-protections-for-yellowstone-grizzly-bear">Trump administration removes protections for Yellowstone grizzly bears</a> </li><li>2017.06.22. <a href="https://www.eenews.net/stories/1060056452">Clarion call for scientists: 'Use your voice ... or lose it'</a> </li><li>2017.06.22. <a href="http://www.cosmopolitan.com/politics/a10023426/scientists-running-for-office-trump/">These Scientists Are Running for Office to Fight Trump’s “Anti-Truth” Agenda</a> </li><li>2017.06.22. <a href="http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/339032-trump-removes-protections-for-yellowstone-grizzly-bear">Trump administration removes protections for Yellowstone grizzly bears</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.06.23. <a href="http://grist.org/article/the-fact-is-facts-dont-matter-to-climate-deniers/">The fact is: Facts don’t matter to climate deniers</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.06.25. <a href="http://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/news/339421-bloomberg-launches-17m-contest-as-incentives-for-us-cities-to#.WVCBMY6xw2A.twitter">Bloomberg launches $17M contest for US cities</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.06.26. <a href="https://thinkprogress.org/al-franken-strategy-for-trump-climate-deniers-fd9a6502f9cb/">Al Franken’s devastating strategy for taking on Trump’s team of climate science deniers</a> </li><li>2017.06.26. <a href="http://gizmodo.com/top-epa-official-bullied-scientist-to-change-testimony-1796440560">Top EPA Official 'Bullied' Scientist to Change Testimony About Dismissed Scientists</a> </li><li>2017.06.26. <a href="https://thinkprogress.org/republican-governor-opposes-trump-administration-plan-to-test-for-offshore-oil-84f495f5c9bc/">Republican governor sides with coastal communities against Trump’s offshore oil plans</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.06.27. <a href="http://thehill.com/news-by-subject/energy-environment/339783-trumps-epa-chief-met-with-chemical-ceo-before-dropping#.WVMkKGGmiXM.twitter">Trump's EPA chief met with chemical CEO before dropping pesticide ban: report</a> </li><li>2017.06.27. <a href="https://theconversation.com/cities-rally-around-the-paris-deal-a-reminder-that-global-problems-can-have-local-solutions-79978">Cities rally around the Paris deal, a reminder that global problems can have local solutions</a> </li><li>2017.06.27. <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/jun/27/epa-clean-water-rule-drinking?CMP=share_btn_tw">EPA seeks to scrap rule protecting drinking water for third of Americans</a> </li><li>2017.06.27. <a href="http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/339691-epa-seeks-to-repeal-obama-water-rule">EPA moves to repeal Obama water rule</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.06.28. <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/entry/rick-perry-protester-climate-denier_us_595324e1e4b02734df2e63cf">'You Are A Climate Denier': Protesters Interrupt Rick Perry's Speech At Energy Conference</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.06.29. <a href="https://thinkprogress.org/chrissy-houlahan-scientists-running-for-congress-b8c7b6f8d6de/">Inspired by Trump’s attacks on science, this former engineer is running for Congress</a> </li><li>2017.06.29. <a href="https://thinkprogress.org/youth-climate-lawsuit-trial-date-set-24bccdfaf237/">Climate kids to get their day in court against the Trump administration</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.06.30. <a href="https://www.eenews.net/stories/1060056858">Pruitt will launch program to 'critique' climate science</a> </li><li>2017.06.30. <a href="https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2017/06/30/frustrated-washington-scientists-and-academics-jump-electoral-politics">Scientists Who Have Had Enough</a> </li><li>2017.06.30. <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/2017/jun/30/no-more-business-as-usual-the-corporates-stepping-up-to-save-the-planet">No more business as usual: the corporates stepping up to save the planet</a> </li><li>2017.06.30. <a href="https://news.vice.com/story/epa-on-climate-change-gotta-hear-both-sides">EPA on climate change: Gotta hear both sides: The EPA is holding a color war to challenge climate science</a> </li><li>2017.06.30. <a href="https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-06-30/wind-industry-tacks-as-trump-shifts-the-political-climate">Wind Industry Tacks as Trump Shifts the Political Climate</a> </li><li>2017.06.30. <a href="http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/340223-epa-head-to-launch-initiative-to-challenge-climate-science">EPA head launching initiative to 'critique' climate science</a> </li><li>2017.06.30. <a href="http://thehill.com/homenews/administration/340328-science-division-of-white-house-office-no-longer-staffed-report">Science division of White House office no longer staffed: report</a> <p> <br /><strong>July 2017</strong><br />  </p> </li><li>2017.07.01. <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/entry/trump-national-space-council_us_59581eeee4b05c37bb7ed0f7">Buzz Aldrin Looked As Baffled As We Felt During Trump's Space Talk</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.07.02. <a href="http://www.latimes.com/opinion/topoftheticket/la-na-tt-hatchet-pruitt-20170702-story.html">EPA’s Scott Pruitt is Trump’s most adept and dangerous hatchet man</a> </li><li>2017.07.02. <a href="https://www.forbes.com/sites/ellensheng/2017/07/02/with-h-1b-visas-scarce-tech-startups-look-outside-u-s-to-launch-businesses/#58c80cf52237">Struggling For Visas, Tech Startups Are Looking Outside The U.S. To Launch Businesses</a> </li><li>2017.07.02. <a href="http://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/white-houses-science-division-completely-empty/">The White House's Science Division Is Now Completely Empty</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.07.03. <a href="http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/340536-court-rejections-trumps-delay-of-epa-drilling-pollution-rule">Court rejects Trump's delay of EPA drilling pollution rule</a> </li><li>2017.07.03. <a href="https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-07-03/as-u-s-retires-from-world-leadership-china-and-germany-step-up">China, Germany Step Up as U.S. Retires From World Leadership</a> </li><li>2017.07.03. <a href="https://qz.com/1020528/stephen-hawking-donald-trumps-climate-change-policies-spell-disaster-for-the-planet/">Stephen Hawking says Trump’s climate policies are pushing Earth toward an irreversible “tipping point”</a> </li><li>2017.07.03. <a href="http://www.nextgov.com/emerging-tech/2017/07/donald-trumps-new-national-space-council-already-baffling-space-industry/139160/?oref=nextgov_today_nl">DONALD TRUMP’S NEW NATIONAL SPACE COUNCIL IS ALREADY BAFFLING THE SPACE INDUSTRY</a> </li><li>2017.07.03. <a href="http://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/why-this-computer-scientist-is-running-for-congress/">Why This Computer Scientist Is Running For Congress</a> </li><li>2017.07.03. <a href="https://mobile.nytimes.com/2017/07/03/climate/court-blocks-epa-effort-to-suspend-obama-era-methane-rule.html">Court Blocks E.P.A. Effort to Suspend Obama-Era Methane Rule</a> </li><li>2017.07.03. <a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/federal-court-blocks-trump-epa-on-air-pollution/2017/07/03/464a7344-601e-11e7-84a1-a26b75ad39fe_story.html">Federal court blocks Trump EPA on air pollution</a> </li><li>2017.07.03. <a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/07/03/535377270/stephen-hawking-trump-pushing-earths-climate-over-the-brink">Stephen Hawking: Trump Pushing Earth's Climate 'Over The Brink'</a> </li><li>2017.07.03. <a href="http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/340535-obama-praises-paris-climate-deal-despite-trumps-withdrawal">Obama praises Paris climate deal despite Trump's withdrawal</a> </li><li>2017.07.03. <a href="https://thinkprogress.org/when-trump-attacks-science-c59168944ab2/">When Trump attacks science, he attacks the heart of the Declaration of Independence</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.07.04. <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/jul/04/trump-emvironmental-rollback-epa-scrap-regulations?CMP=fb_gu">Trump's alarming environmental rollback: what's been scrapped so far</a> </li><li>2017.07.04. <a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2017/07/02/afghanistans-all-girl-robotics-team-wont-be-allowed-to-come-the-u-s/?utm_term=.b0ab1d99a591&amp;wpisrc=nl_most&amp;wpmm=1">U.S. denies visas for Afghanistan’s all-girl robotics team</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.07.05. <a href="http://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-epa-climatechange-science/groups-see-climate-science-review-as-chance-to-undercut-regulation-idUSKBN19Q1OP">Groups see climate science review as chance to undercut regulation</a> </li><li>2017.07.05. <a href="http://www.iflscience.com/environment/climate-change-authority-no-longer-has-any-climate-scientists-on-it/">Climate Change Authority No Longer Has Any Climate Scientists On It</a> </li><li>2017.07.05. <a href="https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/democrat-tackles-climate-change-issues-defying-gop-leadership/?utm_source=feedburner&amp;utm_medium=feed&amp;utm_campaign=Feed%3A+ScientificAmerican-News+%28Content%3A+News%29">Democrat Tackles Climate Change Issues, Defying GOP Leadership</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.07.06. <a href="http://grist.org/justice/trumpcare-and-climate-change-will-have-the-same-victims/">Trumpcare and climate change will have the same victims</a> </li><li>2017.07.06. <a href="http://leftoverrights.com/ivankamelaniabeingsenttoclimatelesson/">Ivanka &amp; Melania Are Not Happy With Where Angela Merkel Is Forcing Them To Go Tomorrow</a> </li><li>2017.07.06. <a href="https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/the-u-s-supreme-court-stymies-science/">The U.S. Supreme Court Stymies Science</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.07.07. <a href="http://www.iflscience.com/environment/energy-secretary-rick-perry-clearly-makes-massive-mistake-during-visit-coal-power-plant/">Energy Secretary Rick Perry Makes Massive Mistake During Visit To Coal Power Plant</a> </li><li>2017.07.07. <a href="http://theterramarproject.org/thedailycatch/trump-administration-reviewing-marine-protected-areas-us-will-ocean-valued-accurately/">Trump Administration Reviewing Marine Protected Areas in US, Will The Ocean Be Valued Accurately?</a> </li><li>2017.07.07. <a href="http://billmoyers.com/story/environmentalists-win-a-victory-against-scott-pruitt/">Environmentalists Win a Victory Against Scott Pruitt</a> </li><li>2017.07.07. <a href="http://www.rawstory.com/2017/07/he-doesnt-speak-for-the-rest-of-america-jerry-brown-shows-up-in-hamburg-amid-g20-and-shreds-trump/">‘He doesn’t speak for the rest of America’: Jerry Brown shows up in Hamburg amid G20 — and shreds Trump</a> </li><li>2017.07.07. <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/jul/07/climate-change-denial-scepticism-cynicism-politics?CMP=fb_gu">How climate scepticism turned into something more dangerous</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.07.08. <a href="http://time.com/4850421/g20-trump-paris-agreement-climate-change/">Why Trump Pulling Out of the Paris Agreement Led to a Stronger Global Climate Change Plan</a> </li><li>2017.07.08. <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2017/jul/08/mike-pence-touches-nasa-equipment-right-next-to-do-not-touch-sign?CMP=fb_gu">Mike Pence touches Nasa equipment right next to 'do not touch' sign</a> </li><li>2017.07.08. <a href="http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/341087-g20-world-leaders-statement-hinges-on-us-climate-change-issue">G20 world leaders’ agreement hinges on U.S. climate change issue</a> </li><li>2017.07.08. <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/jul/08/g20-climate-change-leaders-statement-paris-agreement">G20 leaders' statement on climate change highlights rift with US</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.07.09. <a href="http://www.cnn.com/2017/07/08/europe/g20-merkel-trump-communique/index.html">G20 closes with rebuke to Trump's climate change stance</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.07.10. <a href="https://www.forbes.com/sites/christopherskroupa/2017/07/10/climate-change-what-now-with-the-white-house-abandoning-the-paris-agreement/#41bde5b57df2">Climate Change -- What Now With The White House Abandoning The Paris Agreement?</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.07.11. <a href="http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/07/trump-s-white-house-science-office-still-small-and-waiting-leadership">Trump’s White House science office still small and waiting for leadership</a> </li><li>2017.07.11. <a href="http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/341507-house-bill-would-cut-epa-funding-by-528m">House bill would cut EPA funding by $528M</a> </li><li>2017.07.11. <a href="http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/07/trump-nominates-finance-executive-doe-science-undersecretary">Trump nominates finance executive for DOE science undersecretary</a> </li><li>2017.07.11. <a href="http://www.govexec.com/management/2017/07/state-science-adviser-resigns-early-amid-departmental-reorganization/139339/?oref=govexec_today_pm_nl">State Science Adviser Resigns Early, Amid Departmental Reorganization</a> </li><li>2017.07.11. <a href="https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-017-01350-x">White House’s dwindling science office leaves major research programmes in limbo</a> </li><li>2017.07.11. <a href="http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/07/house-panel-set-vote-bill-cuts-or-eliminates-some-doe-science-programs">House panel set to vote on bill that cuts or eliminates some DOE science programs</a> </li><li>2017.07.11. <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-epa-pruitt/epa-chief-wants-scientists-to-debate-climate-on-tv-idUSKBN19W2D0">EPA chief wants scientists to debate climate on TV</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.07.12. <a href="https://www.buzzfeed.com/jimdalrympleii/the-trump-administration-wants-to-hold-a-televised-climate">The Trump Administration Wants To Debate Climate Change On TV. Here’s What Scientists Think About It.</a> </li><li>2017.07.12. <a href="http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/07/qa-former-obama-science-adviser-john-holdren-white-house-science-office-and-trump-s">Q&amp;A: Former Obama science adviser John Holdren on the White House science office and Trump’s science policy</a> </li><li>2017.07.12. <a href="http://www.mcclatchydc.com/news/nation-world/national/article161071669.html">Trump’s ‘drill, baby, drill’ energy policies are being met by ‘sue, baby, sue’</a> </li><li>2017.07.12. <a href="http://www.iflscience.com/environment/rebel-us-governors-mayors-launch-americas-pledge-fight-climate-change/">Rebel US Governors And Mayors Launch "America's Pledge" To Fight Climate Change</a> </li><li>2017.07.12. <a href="https://www.ecowatch.com/pruitt-climate-debate-2457906416.html">EPA Chief Wants TV 'Debate' on Climate: Scientists Call Foul</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.07.13. <a href="https://thinkprogress.org/noaa-erases-human-activity-from-emissions-release-1ed475d26bcc/">NOAA erases ‘human activity’ from news release on soaring greenhouse gases</a> </li><li>2017.07.13. <a href="http://blog.ucsusa.org/jacob-carter/how-president-trumps-proposed-budget-cuts-would-harm-early-career-scientists#.WWfHA16wZ8U.facebook">How President Trump’s Proposed Budget Cuts Would Harm Early Career Scientists</a> </li><li>2017.07.13. <a href="https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2017/07/13/university-leaders-say-they-need-improve-communication-science-public">Science’s Communication Problem</a> </li><li>2017.07.13. <a href="https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2017/07/why-do-republicans-suddenly-hate-colleges-so-much/533130/?utm_source=twb">Why Do Republicans Suddenly Hate College So Much?</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.07.14. <a href="http://www.thestranger.com/slog/2017/07/14/25288724/does-being-a-nice-personable-scientist-make-sense-in-trumps-america">Does Being a Nice Personable Scientist Make Sense in Trump's America?</a> </li><li>2017.07.14. <a href="https://www.mediamatters.org/video/2017/07/14/Fox-News-host-attacks-climate-scientists-who-might-refuse-to-participate-in-EPA-chiefs-sha/217263">Fox News host attacks climate scientists who might refuse to participate in EPA chief's sham debate</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.07.16. <a href="https://www.dailykos.com/stories/2017/6/16/1672368/-EPA-and-Dept-of-Interior-held-a-private-briefing-with-45-gas-and-oil-CEOs-at-Trump-s-D-C-hotel?detail=facebook">EPA and Dept. of Interior held a private briefing with 45 gas and oil CEOs at Trump's D.C. hotel</a> </li><li>2017.07.16. <a href="https://www.cbsnews.com/news/macron-says-his-charm-offensive-may-change-trumps-mind-about-climate-change/">Macron says his charm offensive may change Trump's mind about climate change</a> </li><li>2017.07.16. <a href="https://futurism.com/international-collaboration-scientists-becoming-difficult/">International Collaboration Between Scientists Is Becoming Difficult</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.07.17. <a href="https://www.mediamatters.org/blog/2017/07/17/Myths-and-facts-to-know-ahead-of-Rick-Perrys-study-on-the-electrical-grid-and-renewable-en/217282">Myths and facts to know ahead of Rick Perry's study on the electrical grid and renewable energy</a> </li><li>2017.07.17. <a href="https://mic.com/articles/182356/exclusive-trump-administration-pulled-top-climate-expert-from-mark-zuckerbergs-national-park-visit">Exclusive: Trump administration pulled top climate expert from Mark Zuckerberg’s national park visit</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.07.18. <a href="https://thinkprogress.org/hansen-our-childrens-trust-lawsuit-science-a5c437268d02/">Former NASA scientist releases new paper supporting youth climate case against Trump</a> </li><li>2017.07.18. <a href="http://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/news-lawmaker-news/342584-gop-rep-asks-nasa-panel-if-there-were-ancient">GOP rep asks NASA panel if there were ancient civilizations on Mars</a> </li><li>2017.07.18. <a href="https://www.buzzfeed.com/zahrahirji/michael-dourson-writes-science-bible-books?utm_term=.qmPRqlzAV#.nrYkn4zyl">Trump's Pick For EPA Post Writes “Science-Bible Stories” And Has Ties To The Chemical Industry</a> </li><li>2017.07.18. <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/books/2017/jul/18/neil-degrasse-tyson-fighting-science-denial-starts-with-people-not-politicians">Neil deGrasse Tyson: fighting science denial starts with people, not politicians</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.07.19. <a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/im-a-scientist-the-trump-administration-reassigned-me-for-speaking-up-about-climate-change/2017/07/19/389b8dce-6b12-11e7-9c15-177740635e83_story.html">I’m a scientist. I’m blowing the whistle on the Trump administration.</a> </li><li>2017.07.19. <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/entry/seth-meyers-donald-trump-epa_us_596f073fe4b0000eb196d391">Seth Meyers Calculates The Damage Done By The EPA In Just 6 Months</a> </li><li>2017.07.19. <a href="http://grist.org/briefly/that-french-plan-to-attract-climate-scientists-its-working/">That French plan to attract climate scientists? It’s working.</a> </li><li>2017.07.19. <a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/07/19/538216232/climate-scientist-says-he-was-demoted-for-speaking-out-on-climate-change">Climate Scientist Says He Was Demoted For Speaking Out On Climate Change</a> </li><li>2017.07.19. <a href="http://thehill.com/regulation/administration/342846-trump-budget-chief-touts-progress-in-rolling-back-regulations">Trump budget chief touts progress in rolling back regulations</a> </li><li>2017.07.19. <a href="http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/07/updated-trump-pick-usda-science-post-has-drawn-darts-lack-technical-background">Updated: Trump pick for USDA science post has drawn darts for lack of technical background</a> </li><li>2017.07.19. <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2017/jul/19/six-ways-trump-is-dismantling-america-after-six-months-in-white-house?CMP=fb_gu">Six ways Trump is 'dismantling' the US after six months in office</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.07.20. <a href="https://medium.com/i-climate-scientists/another-day-another-denier-a4ccca365c19">Another Day, Another Denier</a> </li><li>2017.07.20. <a href="http://www.npr.org/2017/07/20/537243392/gop-effort-to-make-environmental-science-transparent-worries-scientists">GOP Effort To Make Environmental Science 'Transparent' Worries Scientists</a> </li><li>2017.07.20. <a href="https://www.usnews.com/news/best-states/montana/articles/2017-07-20/glacier-chief-pulled-from-facebook-founders-tour-of-park">Glacier Chief Pulled From Facebook Founder's Tour of Park</a> </li><li>2017.07.20. <a href="https://thinkprogress.org/sam-clovis-officially-nominated-still-not-a-scientist-d47be4ffb1a8/">Trump officially nominates climate-denying conservative talk radio host as USDA’s top scientist</a> </li><li>2017.07.20. <a href="http://thedakepage.blogspot.ca/2017/07/whistleblower-speaks-out-as-pruitt.html">Whistleblower Speaks Out as Pruitt Tries to Destroy EPA</a> </li><li>2017.07.20. <a href="http://gizmodo.com/epa-set-to-eliminate-over-1-200-employees-by-september-1796282174">EPA Set to Eliminate Over 1,200 Employees By September</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.07.21. <a href="https://theintellectualist.co/trumps-new-communication-director-believes-earth-5500-years-old/">Trump's New Communication Director Believes the World is 5,500 Years old</a> </li><li>2017.07.21. <a href="https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-07-21/for-the-impact-of-trump-slashing-science-funding-look-north">For the Impact of Trump Slashing Science Funding, Look North</a> </li><li>2017.07.21. <a href="http://www.iflscience.com/environment/trump-administration-demoting-scientists-hope-quit-whistleblower/">Trump Administration Is Demoting Scientists In The Hope They'll Quit, Says Whistleblower</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.07.23. <a href="https://theconversation.com/history-shows-that-stacking-federal-science-advisory-committees-doesnt-work-80590">History shows that stacking federal science advisory committees doesn’t work</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.07.24. <a href="http://www.washingtonexaminer.com/trump-administration-lining-up-climate-change-red-team/article/2629124">Trump administration lining up climate change 'red team'</a> </li><li>2017.07.24. <a href="http://www.slate.com/blogs/future_tense/2017/07/25/do_not_take_your_eye_off_trump_s_war_on_science.html">Whatever You Do, Do Not Take Your Eye Off Trump’s War on Science</a> </li><li>2017.07.24. <a href="http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/343485-gop-science-chairman-extolls-often-ignored-climate-change-benefits">GOP Science chairman extolls 'benefits' of climate change</a> </li><li>2017.07.24. <a href="https://www.propublica.org/article/has-the-moment-for-environmental-justice-been-lost">Has the Moment for Environmental Justice Been Lost?</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.07.25. <a href="https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2017/07/science-hostile-governments/534789/">How Science Can Survive Hostile Governments</a> </li><li>2017.07.25. <a href="https://theconversation.com/scientific-integrity-must-be-defended-our-planet-depends-on-it-79034">Scientific integrity must be defended, our planet depends on it</a> </li><li>2017.07.25. <a href="https://insideclimatenews.org/news/25072017/conservatives-for-clean-energy-climate-change-action-reluctant-support">Is a Conservative Climate Movement Heating Up?</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.07.26. <a href="http://www.civilbeat.org/2017/07/emergency-meeting-held-to-oppose-trump-weakening-marine-monuments/">Emergency Meeting Held To Oppose Trump Weakening Marine Monuments</a> </li><li>2017.07.26. <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/entry/scott-pruitt-stephen-harper_us_5978f977e4b02a4ebb7274d9">EPA Chief Met With Canada’s Scientist-Muzzling Ex-Prime Minister Before Scientist Purge</a> </li><li>2017.07.26. <a href="http://gizmodo.com/this-is-not-how-science-works-1797232302">This Is Not How Science Works</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.07.27. </li><li>2017.07.27. <a href="https://newrepublic.com/article/144056/its-never-harder-climate-scientist">It’s Never Been Harder to Be a Climate Scientist</a> </li><li>2017.07.27. <a href="https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/a-carbon-free-city-is-being-built-from-scratch/">A Carbon-Free City Is Being Built from Scratch</a> </li><li>2017.07.27. <a href="http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/344142-murkowskis-committee-postpones-trump-nominees-confirmation-vote">Murkowski’s committee postponed confirmation vote for Trump nominees</a> </li><li>2017.07.27. <a href="http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/features/scott-pruitt-is-gutting-the-epa-serving-fossil-fuel-industry-w494156">Scott Pruitt's Crimes Against Nature: Trump's EPA chief is gutting the agency, defunding science and serving the fossil-fuel industry</a> </li><li>2017.07.27. <a href="https://eos.org/features/trump-administration-moving-closer-to-picking-science-director">Trump Administration Moving Closer to Picking Science Director</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.07.28. <a href="http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/344383-developer-might-not-build-keystone-xl-pipeline">Developer might not build Keystone XL pipeline</a> </li><li>2017.07.28. <a href="http://science.sciencemag.org/content/357/6349/422">From abalone to advocacy</a> </li><li>2017.07.28. <a href="http://dailycaller.com/2017/07/28/enviro-group-calls-for-investigations-into-epa-chiefs-travel-history/">Enviro Group Calls For Investigations Into EPA Chief’s Travel History</a> </li><li>2017.07.28. <a href="http://www.sacbee.com/news/local/article164240607.html">Trump rolled back this environmental rule. California may replace it with a stronger one</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.07.30. <a href="https://www.nrdc.org/trump-watch/pruitt-wants-remove-climate-exhibits-epas-museum">Pruitt wants to remove climate exhibits at the EPA’s museum</a> </li><li>2017.07.30. <a href="https://www.dailykos.com/stories/2017/7/30/1685608/-We-need-a-scientist-s-perspective-in-Richmond">We need a scientist's perspective in Richmond</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.07.31. <a href="http://www.ewg.org/release/you-dont-do-those-things-lightly-why-epa-chief-didnt-ban-brain-damaging-pesticide#.WbXsrLKGPIV">‘You Don't Do Those Things Lightly’: Why EPA Chief Didn't Ban Brain-Damaging Pesticide</a> </li><li>2017.07.31. <a href="https://www.commondreams.org/news/2017/07/31/climate-science-out-coal-epa-exhibit-will-reflect-trumps-agenda">Climate Science Out, Coal In: EPA Exhibit Will Reflect Trump's Agenda</a> </li><li>2017.07.31. <a href="http://www.entsoc.org/sites/default/files/files/Science-Policy/July2017-AAAS-Joint-Society-Letter-EPA-Pruitt-climate.pdf?utm_content=buffer9b7ce&amp;utm_medium=social&amp;utm_source=twitter.com&amp;utm_campaign=buffer">Scientists respond to Red Team/Blue Team climate change debate idea from EPA</a> </li><li>2017.07.31. <a href="http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/344705-court-tells-epa-to-enforce-obama-methane-pollution-rule">Court tells EPA to enforce Obama methane pollution rule</a> </li><li>2017.07.31. <a href="http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2017/07/donald-trumps-war-on-scientists-has-had-one-big-side-effect/">Donald Trump’s War on Scientists Has Had One Big Side Effect: More than a dozen Democratic candidates with scientific backgrounds are running for Congress.</a> <p> <br /><strong>August 2017</strong><br />  </p> </li><li>2017.08.01. <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/energy-department-scientists-barred-from-attending_us_597f7e2ee4b0cb4fc1c73b8e?ncid=engmodushpmg00000004">Energy Department Scientists Barred From Attending Nuclear Power Conference</a> </li><li>2017.08.01. <a href="http://www.greencarreports.com/news/1111855_epa-museum-may-axe-climate-change-display-add-one-on-coal">EPA museum may axe climate-change display, add one on coal</a> </li><li>2017.08.01. <a href="http://thehill.com/news-by-subject/energy-environment/344825-top-epa-official-resigns-over-direction-of-agency-under">Top EPA official resigns over direction of agency under Trump</a> </li><li>2017.08.01. <a href="http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/344772-trump-admin-waives-environmental-laws-for-border-wall-construction">DHS waives environmental laws to speed border wall construction</a> </li><li>2017.08.01. <a href="https://www.pri.org/stories/2017-08-01/many-us-scientists-answer-france-s-call-come-make-our-planet-great-again">US scientists answer France’s call to come ‘make our planet great again’</a> </li><li>2017.08.01. <a href="https://www.wired.com/story/us-scientists-please-run-for-office-the-planet-needs-you?mbid=social_fb">US Scientists, Please Run for Office. The Planet Needs You. </a> </li><li>2017.08.01. <a href="http://www.vulture.com/2017/08/william-gibson-archangel-apocalypses-dystopias.html">William Gibson Has a Theory About Our Cultural Obsession With Dystopias</a> </li><li>2017.08.01. <a href="https://thinkprogress.org/epa-southerland-resignation-letter-ca62895b0c47/">Senior EPA official resigns with scathing message for Trump and Pruitt: “Today the environmental field is suffering from the temporary triumph of myth over truth.”</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.08.02. <a href="https://boingboing.net/2017/08/02/sam-clovis-is-a-racist-jerk.html">Sam Clovis, Trump's pick for USDA chief scientist, called progressives 'race traders' and 'race traitors' online</a> </li><li>2017.08.02. <a href="https://medium.com/thinkprogress/epa-panel-clears-pruitts-climate-denial-by-misquoting-scientific-integrity-policy-2d1db8a35c3a">EPA panel clears Pruitt’s climate denial by misquoting scientific integrity policy</a> </li><li>2017.08.02. <a href="http://www.ucsusa.org/press/2017/leaked-epa-document-does-not-absolve-epa-administrator-spreading-falsehoods#.WbbayLKGOUm">Leaked EPA Document Does Not Absolve EPA Administrator of Spreading Falsehoods</a> </li><li>2017.08.02. <a href="https://thinkprogress.org/epa-panel-clears-pruitts-climate-denial-by-misquoting-scientific-integrity-policy-2d1db8a35c3a/">EPA panel clears Pruitt’s climate denial by misquoting scientific integrity policy</a> </li><li>2017.08.02. <a href="https://insideclimatenews.org/news/02082017/scott-pruitt-climate-denial-epa-scientific-integrity-complaint">EPA Science Integrity Panel Says Pruitt’s Climate Denial Is Permissible</a> </li><li>2017.08.02. <a href="http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/344941-epa-clears-pruitt-of-scientific-integrity-charges">EPA clears Pruitt of scientific integrity charges</a> </li><li>2017.08.02. <a href="http://www.npr.org/2017/08/02/541124579/al-gore-warns-that-trump-is-a-distraction-from-the-issue-of-climate-change">Al Gore Warns That Trump Is A 'Distraction' From The Issue Of Climate Change</a> </li><li>2017.08.02. <a href="https://www.ecowatch.com/epa-pruitt-2467950563.html">30-Year EPA Veteran Writes Farewell Letter, Warns of Environmental Catastrophe Under Pruitt</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.08.03. <a href="https://medium.com/i-climate-scientists/temporary-triumph-of-myth-over-truth-at-pruitts-epa-5d80be71a85f">Temporary Triumph of Myth Over Truth at Pruitt’s EPA</a> </li><li>2017.08.03. <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/aug/03/epa-emissions-ground-level-ozone-smog-air-pollutants">EPA backs off delay for smog-causing emissions reduction after being sued</a> </li><li>2017.08.03. <a href="http://www.wvgazettemail.com/news-politics/20170803/trump-administration-touts-streamlining-of-mine-permit-review">Trump administration touts streamlining of mine permit review</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.08.04. <a href="http://blogs.plos.org/scicomm/2017/08/04/scientists-the-public-needs-to-hear-from-you/">Scientists: The Public Needs to Hear from You!</a> </li><li>2017.08.04. <a href="http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/345300-schwarzenegger-hits-trump-on-climate">Schwarzenegger launches new effort to counter Trump on climate</a> </li><li>2017.08.07. <a href="http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/345599-usda-office-told-to-use-weather-extremes-instead-of-climate-change">USDA office told to use ‘weather extremes’ instead of 'climate change'</a> </li><li>2017.08.07. <a href="http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/345677-government-scientists-fear-trump-will-suppress-climate-change-study">Government scientists fear Trump will suppress climate change study: report</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.08.07. <a href="http://democratherald.com/opinion/editorial/think-too-much-the-fight-on-behalf-of-science/article_2d35cb49-59ae-5fd0-b6b0-ee7a4f9fc2ab.html">Think Too Much: The fight on behalf of science</a> </li><li>2017.08.07. <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/aug/07/usda-climate-change-language-censorship-emails">US federal department is censoring use of term 'climate change', emails reveal</a> </li><li>2017.08.07. <a href="https://www.statnews.com/2017/08/07/white-house-ostp-obama-trump/">With Trump in the White House, Obama science experts operate shadow network to press their positions</a> </li><li>2017.08.07. <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/entry/climate-change-report-draft-nyt_us_598907ece4b0a66b8bae1fc6">That Federal Climate Change Report May Not Be New, But It Is Startling</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.08.08. <a href="http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/jurisprudence/2017/08/lawyers_step_up_to_battle_science_suppression.html">Lawyers Take on Another Trumpian Task: Stopping Science Suppression</a> </li><li>2017.08.08. <a href="http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/nafta-climate-change-negotiations-1.4238866">Canada's hope to get climate change into NAFTA could prove difficult</a> </li><li>2017.08.08. <a href="http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/345775-state-dept-cable-advises-diplomats-to-evade-questions-on-paris-deal">Tillerson advises diplomats to dodge questions on Paris deal: report</a> </li><li>2017.08.08. <a href="https://www.commondreams.org/news/2017/08/08/fearing-trump-censorship-govt-scientists-leak-alarming-climate-report">Fearing Trump Censorship, Govt. Scientists Leak Alarming Climate Report</a> </li><li>2017.08.08. <a href="http://www.popsci.com/here-are-some-key-takeaways-leaked-climate-change-document?MRsLVziWySUZIK6w.01">A key government report on climate change is out. Here's what you need to know</a> </li><li>2017.08.08. <a href="http://mashable.com/2017/08/08/donald-trump-epa-website-no-climate-change-section/">Scott Pruitt's EPA website still lacks a climate change section</a> </li><li>2017.08.08. <a href="http://www.charlotteobserver.com/news/politics-government/article166118882.html">The closest man to Trump is a stealth climate believer</a> </li><li>2017.08.08. <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/aug/08/trump-administration-climate-change-ban-usda?CMP=fb_gu">The Trump administration's solution to climate change: ban the term</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.08.09. <a href="http://www.cnn.com/2017/08/05/politics/trump-battle-science-epa-energy-climate/index.html">The battle over science in the Trump administration</a> </li><li>2017.08.09. <a href="http://www.grandforksherald.com/news/4310124-epa-chief-pruitt-holds-series-closed-door-meetings-gf-fargo">EPA chief Pruitt holds series of closed-door meetings in GF, Fargo</a> </li><li>2017.08.09. <a href="http://www.businessinsider.com/ap-science-says-trump-team-garbles-climate-science-2017-8">The reason the Trump administration avoids discussing the science of climate change</a> </li><li>2017.08.09. <a href="http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/katharine-hayhoe-climate-report-trump-1.4240089">Canadian co-author of U.S. climate report says findings 'flatly contradict' Trump administration</a> </li><li>2017.08.09. <a href="http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/345937-epa-head-casts-doubt-on-supposed-threat-from-climate-change">EPA head casts doubt on ‘supposed’ threat from climate change</a> </li><li>2017.08.09. <a href="http://thehill.com/blogs/pundits-blog/energy-environment/345721-the-president-plans-to-rollback-an-environmental-rule">Trump plans to roll back environmental rule everyone agrees on</a> </li><li>2017.08.09. <a href="http://www.cbc.ca/radio/thehouse/midweek-podcast-meet-the-canadian-behind-the-frank-u-s-climate-report-1.4240111">Midweek podcast: Meet the Canadian behind the frank U.S. climate report</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.08.10. <a href="http://www.cbc.ca/news/technology/trump-cabinet-climate-change-science-1.4241657">Trump team's climate change stance at odds with science</a> </li><li>2017.08.10. <a href="https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-08-10/federal-scientists-say-climate-change-no-hoax-refuting-trump">Federal Scientists Say Climate Change Is No Hoax, Refuting Trump</a> </li><li>2017.08.10. <a href="https://www.nrdc.org/experts/pete-altman/americans-oppose-epa-environmental-budget-cuts">Americans Oppose EPA &amp; Environmental Budget Cuts</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.08.11. <a href="http://www.wvgazettemail.com/news-politics/20170811/manchin-possibly-emerging-as-pick-to-lead-us-energy-department">Manchin possibly emerging as pick to lead US Energy Department</a> </li><li>2017.08.11. <a href="http://grist.org/article/an-attempt-to-avert-trumps-interference-in-climate-science-might-actually-invite-it/">An attempt to avert Trump’s interference in climate science might actually invite it</a> </li><li>2017.08.11. <a href="https://www.statnews.com/2017/08/11/fda-hiring-non-citizens/">FDA puts new restrictions on hiring of foreign scientists, documents show</a> </li><li>2017.08.11. <a href="http://www.politico.com/story/2017/08/11/pruitt-climate-report-epa-241546">Pruitt: EPA will review 'politicized' climate science report</a> </li><li>2017.08.11. <a href="https://www.vox.com/energy-and-environment/2017/8/11/16113348/trump-environmental-agenda-crashing-into-courts">Trump’s environmental agenda is crashing into the courts</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.08.12. <a href="http://bismarcktribune.com/news/state-and-regional/hoeven-epa-administrator-meetings-in-nd-should-have-been-open/article_a92f99f8-d544-5f16-baa0-5a7cd5361510.html">Hoeven: EPA administrator meetings in ND should have been open</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.08.14. <a href="https://www.buzzfeed.com/zahrahirji/trump-targets-strict-limits-on-power-plant-toxic-waste">The EPA Is Beginning To Roll Back An Obama-Era Rule Limiting How Much Toxic Waste Power Plants Release In Water</a> </li><li>2017.08.14. <a href="https://civichall.org/civicist/testing-testers-scientist-activists-persuaded-peers-march/">Testing the Testers: How Scientist-Activists Persuaded their Peers to March</a> </li><li>2017.08.14. <a href="https://www.vox.com/energy-and-environment/2017/8/14/16142150/scott-pruitt-epa-secrecy-republican">Scott Pruitt is dismantling EPA in secret for the same reason the GOP health care bill was secret</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.08.15. <a href="https://weather.com/science/environment/news/trump-revoke-executive-order-flood-risk-building-standards">Trump Signs Order to End Obama-Era Flood Risk Building Standards</a> </li><li>2017.08.15. <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/entry/trump-executive-order-flooding_us_599323d4e4b04b193360926b">Trump Scraps Obama-Era Rule To Protect Infrastructure From Climate-Change Flooding</a> </li><li>2017.08.15. <a href="https://medium.com/@CAPAction/these-are-the-business-leaders-still-sitting-on-trumps-advisory-councils-697685f64e37">These are the business leaders still sitting on Trump’s Manufacturing Council.</a> </li><li>2017.08.15. <a href="https://www.mediamatters.org/blog/2017/08/15/EPA-chief-Scott-Pruitt-has-given-more-interviews-to-Fox-than-to-all-other-major-TV-network/217633">STUDY: EPA chief Scott Pruitt has given more interviews to Fox than to all other major TV networks combined</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.08.16. <a href="https://www.vox.com/policy-and-politics/2017/8/16/16157398/trump-manufacturing-council-disband">So many CEOs resigned from Trump’s manufacturing council that he just disbanded it</a> </li><li>2017.08.16. <a href="https://www.cnbc.com/2017/08/16/trump-abruptly-ends-manufacturing-council-after-ceos-disband-strategy-and-policy-forum.html">Trump abruptly ends manufacturing council after CEOs disband strategic and policy forum</a> </li><li>2017.08.16. <a href="https://www.nature.com/news/against-discrimination-1.22459">Against discrimination: Science cannot and should not be used to justify prejudice.</a> </li><li>2017.08.16. <a href="http://scienceblogs.com/gregladen/2017/08/16/epas-new-focus-fox/">EPA’s new focus: Fox</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.08.17. <a href="http://www.slate.com/articles/technology/future_tense/2017/08/conservation_biologists_are_struggling_to_balance_science_and_advocacy.html">The Science Police: In highly controversial fields, researchers have to balance science and advocacy.</a> </li><li>2017.08.17. <a href="https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/xwwzdd/the-republicans-trying-to-fight-climate-denial-in-their-own-party">The Republicans Trying to Fight Climate Denial in Their Own Party</a> </li><li>2017.08.17. <a href="http://www.politico.com/story/2017/08/17/cleveland-clinic-no-mar-a-lago-fundraiser-241740">Cleveland Clinic, American Cancer Society pull fundraisers from Mar-a-Lago</a> </li><li>2017.08.17. <a href="http://davidwojick.blogspot.ca/2017/08/does-trumps-reg-review-threaten-public.html">Does Reg Review threaten Public Access?</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.08.18. <a href="http://news.nationalgeographic.com/2017/08/national-monuments-under-review-trump-interior-maps/">Maps Explain the 27 National Monuments Under Review by Trump</a> </li><li>2017.08.18. <a href="https://www.trucknews.com/regulations/epa-revisit-aspects-ghg-phase-2-regs/1003080396/">EPA to revisit aspects of GHG Phase 2 regs; industry voices concerns</a> </li><li>2017.08.18. <a href="https://thinkprogress.org/pruitt-rollback-freight-truck-emissions-b6ab9ad57636/">Trump administration eyes truck emissions standards for its next climate rollback</a> </li><li>2017.08.18. <a href="https://www.buzzfeed.com/zahrahirji/trump-revokes-obama-flood-rule">Trump Just Struck Down An Obama-Era Climate Rule That Protected Against Flooding</a> </li><li>2017.08.18. <a href="https://thinkprogress.org/offset-trumps-terrible-climate-policies-with-trees-a36e8d7117d4/">Trump Forest organizers want to resist Trump with billions of trees</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.08.21. <a href="https://boingboing.net/2017/08/21/yes-trump-briefly-viewed.html">Yes, Trump viewed #Eclipse2017 without glasses. 'Don't look,' an aide shouted.</a> </li><li>2017.08.21. <a href="http://thehill.com/homenews/administration/347382-trump-takes-in-eclipse-from-white-house">Trump takes in eclipse from White House</a> </li><li>2017.08.21. <a href="http://www.theinertia.com/politics/patagonia-spends-700k-in-first-ever-ad-to-blast-interior-secretary-ryan-zinke/">Patagonia Spends $700,000 In First-Ever Ad to Blast Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke</a> </li><li>2017.08.21. <a href="https://www.cbsnews.com/news/report-trump-dissolves-climate-change-advisory-panel/">Report: Trump dissolves climate change advisory panel</a> </li><li>2017.08.21. <a href="http://time.com/4906656/donald-trump-auto-industy-pollution/">Why the Trump Administration's Latest Auto Industry Move Will Fail</a> </li><li>2017.08.21. <a href="http://www.wvgazettemail.com/news-politics/20170821/trumps-interior-department-moves-to-stop-mountaintop-removal-study">Trump’s Interior Department moves to stop mountaintop removal study</a> </li><li>2017.08.21. <a href="http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/347374-trump-administration-halts-research-on-mountaintop-removal-coal">Trump administration halts research on mountaintop removal coal mining</a> </li><li>2017.08.21. <a href="http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=8212017&amp;_ga=2.149054582.198795130.1503344707-1905579371.1503344707">Statement Regarding National Academies Study on Potential Health Risks of Living in Proximity to Surface Coal Mining Sites in Central Appalachia</a> </li><li>2017.08.21. <a href="http://www.kentucky.com/news/state/article168383627.html">Feds halt study of potential link between surface mining and health problems</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.08.22. <a href="https://mcmprodaaas.s3.amazonaws.com/s3fs-public/AAAS%20Statement%20on%20Trump%20Administration%20Disbanding%20National%20Climate%20Assessment%20Advisory%20Committee.pdf">AAAS Statement on Trump Administration Disbanding National Climate Assessment Advisory Committee</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.08.23. <a href="http://www.cnn.com/2017/08/22/politics/appalachian-coal-mining-health-study/index.html">Interior Dept. halts study into Appalachian mining technique's likely health hazards</a> </li><li>2017.08.23. <a href="http://www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/50176/title/Climate-Change-Language-Deleted-from-NIH-Site/">Climate Change Language Deleted from NIH Site</a> </li><li>2017.08.23. <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2017/aug/23/us-government-agency-climate-change-references-removed-again">Another US agency deletes references to climate change on government website</a> </li><li>2017.08.23. <a href="http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/347711-trump-to-hear-recommendations-for-national-monuments">Trump to hear recommendations for national monuments</a> </li><li>2017.08.23. <a href="http://grist.org/briefly/god-help-us-donald-trump-tried-to-dispense-energy-facts-again/">God help us, Donald Trump tried to dispense energy facts again.</a> </li><li>2017.08.23. <a href="https://mic.com/articles/184015/trump-thinks-clean-coal-is-just-coal-thats-been-cleaned-off-heres-what-it-actually-is#.FdGvHE4gD">Trump thinks “clean coal” is just coal that’s been cleaned off. Here’s what it actually is.</a> </li><li>2017.08.23. <a href="http://mashable.com/2017/08/23/kammen-science-envoy-resigns-acrostic-impeach/#Wmm5y.5jHiqk">State Department science envoy's letter of resignation has a hidden message for the president</a> </li><li>2017.08.23. <a href="http://www.sacbee.com/news/politics-government/capitol-alert/article168775527.html">Spelling 'IMPEACH' in letter, prominent UC professor resigns post in Trump administration</a> </li><li>2017.08.23. <a href="http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/347644-state-dept-science-envoy-resigns">State Dept. science envoy resigns with letter that spells out 'Impeach'</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.08.24. <a href="http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/347794-zinke-wants-to-shrink-some-national-monuments">Interior recommends Trump shrink national monuments</a> </li><li>2017.08.24. <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/aug/24/the-trump-administrations-national-monuments-review-is-a-sham">The Trump administration's national monuments 'review' is a sham</a> </li><li>2017.08.24. <a href="https://www.vox.com/energy-and-environment/2017/8/24/16199048/interior-department-national-monuments">After public outcry, the Interior Department won’t eliminate any national monuments</a> </li><li>2017.08.24. <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/environment/climate-consensus-97-per-cent/2017/aug/24/new-study-finds-that-climate-change-costs-will-hit-trump-country-hardest">New study finds that climate change costs will hit Trump country hardest</a> </li><li>2017.08.24. <a href="http://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-powergrid-study/u-s-energy-department-grid-study-calls-for-boost-to-coal-nuclear-power-idUSKCN1B41NJ">U.S. Energy Department grid study calls for boost to coal, nuclear power</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.08.25. <a href="http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/08/doe-denies-it-has-policy-remove-climate-change-agency-materials">DOE denies it has policy to remove ‘climate change’ from agency materials</a> </li><li>2017.08.25. <a href="http://www.nature.com/news/us-energy-agency-asked-scientists-to-scrub-references-to-climate-change-1.22513">US energy agency asked scientists to scrub references to climate change: Researchers were told to censor descriptions of projects funded by a Department of Energy laboratory.</a> </li><li>2017.08.25. <a href="http://observer.com/2017/08/energy-department-censorship-scientists-climate-change/">Energy Department Tells Scientist to Remove ‘Climate Change’ From Study</a> </li><li>2017.08.25. <a href="https://insideclimatenews.org/news/25082017/energy-dept-asked-scientist-remove-climate-change-project-description">Energy Dept. Asks Scientists to Remove 'Climate Change' from Project Description</a> </li><li>2017.08.25. <a href="http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/348026-epa-cancels-sponsorship-of-climate-leadership-awards">EPA cancels sponsorship of awards for climate leadership</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.08.27. <a href="http://www.thedailybeast.com/trump-damaged-democracy-silicon-valley-will-finish-it-off">Trump Damaged Democracy, Silicon Valley Will Finish It Off</a> </li><li>2017.08.27. <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/aug/27/how-to-offset-trumps-climate-science-ignorance-plant-10bn-trees?CMP=fb_gu">How to offset Trump's climate science ignorance – plant 10bn trees</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.08.28. <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/environment/climate-consensus-97-per-cent/2017/aug/28/study-katharine-hayhoe-is-successfully-convincing-doubtful-evangelicals-about-climate-change">Katharine Hayhoe is successfully convincing doubtful evangelicals about climate change</a> </li><li>2017.08.28. <a href="http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/us-politics/donald-trump-cyber-security-advisers-resign-growing-threat-charlottesville-a7916496.html">Donald Trump's cyber-security advisers resign warning of 'insufficient attention to the growing threats'</a> </li><li>2017.08.28. <a href="https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-08-28/tillerson-wants-to-cut-special-envoys-in-state-department-revamp">Tillerson Outlines Plan to Cut Envoy Jobs in State Overhaul</a> </li><li>2017.08.28. <a href="http://thehill.com/homenews/administration/348334-tillerson-moves-to-ditch-special-envoys-report">Tillerson moves to eliminate special envoy posts at State Dept.: report</a> </li><li>2017.08.28. <a href="http://www.iflscience.com/environment/epa-chief-scott-pruitt-science-dictate-policy/">EPA Chief Scott Pruitt: "Science Shouldn't Dictate American Policy"</a> </li><li>2017.08.28. <a href="https://www.vox.com/energy-and-environment/2017/8/25/16201218/us-coal-industry-handouts">The US coal industry is going out, not with a whimper, but with a burst of rent-seeking</a> </li><li>2017.08.28. <a href="https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-08-28/fda-warnings-meant-to-protect-consumers-fall-under-trump">The FDA’s Consumer Protection Warnings Are Falling Under Trump</a> </li><li>2017.08.28. <a href="http://www.politicususa.com/2017/08/28/trump-rescinded-obamas-flood-protections-weeks-hurricane-harvey-hit.html">Trump Rescinded Obama’s Flood Regulations Weeks Before Hurricane Harvey Hit</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.08.29. <a href="https://www.axios.com/house-republican-introduces-measure-to-defund-key-climate-research-2479158452.html?utm_source=twitter&amp;utm_medium=twsocialshare&amp;utm_campaign=organic">House Republican introduces measure to defund key climate research</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.08.30. <a href="http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/348530-greens-sue-to-stop-rollback-of-yellowstone-grizzly-protections">Greens sue to stop rollback of Yellowstone grizzly protections</a> </li><li>2017.08.30. <a href="https://www.thenation.com/article/for-scott-pruitts-epa-climate-change-denial-is-mission-critical/">For Scott Pruitt’s EPA, Climate-Change Denial Is Mission Critical: The EPA chief is very wrong about Harvey</a> </li><li>2017.08.30. <a href="http://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-grizzly-yellowstone/activists-sue-u-s-to-restore-protections-for-yellowstone-grizzlies-idUSKCN1BA29H">Activists sue U.S. to restore protections for Yellowstone grizzlies</a> </li><li>2017.08.30. <a href="https://thinkprogress.org/by-politicizing-harvey-trump-administration-fails-critical-test-bed81da2edb8/">Trump team politicizes superstorm Harvey by attacking scientists for doing their job</a> </li><li>2017.08.30. <a href="https://www.revealnews.org/article/empty-seats-trumps-top-science-jobs-vacant-others-tied-to-industry/">Empty seats: Trump’s top science jobs vacant; others tied to industry</a> <p> </p> </li><li>2017.08.31. <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/environment/climate-consensus-97-per-cent/2017/aug/31/the-trump-administration-wants-to-bail-out-failed-contrarian-climate-scientists?CMP=share_btn_fb">The Trump administration wants to bail out failed contrarian climate scientists</a> </li></ul><p> </p> <p>As usual, if there are any errors in the above list or if I've missed anything significant, please let me know in the comments. If you'd prefer not to comment, you can let me know via email at jdupuis at yorku dot ca or my non-work email dupuisj at gmail dot com.</p> </div> <span><a title="View user profile." href="/author/jdupuis">jdupuis</a></span> <span>Mon, 09/11/2017 - 09:20</span> <div class="field field--name-field-blog-categories field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <div class="field--label">Categories</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/channel/environment" hreflang="en">Environment</a></div> </div> </div> Mon, 11 Sep 2017 13:20:03 +0000 jdupuis 68085 at https://scienceblogs.com The limits of adaptation https://scienceblogs.com/classm/2017/08/29/the-limits-of-adaptation <span>The limits of adaptation</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><blockquote><p>The release of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere by the burning of fossil fuels is, conceiveably, the most important environmental issue in the world today.</p> <p style="text-align: right;">— <a href="https://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v279/n5708/pdf/279001a0.pdf">"Costs and benefits of carbon dioxide," <em>Nature</em>, May 3, 1979</a></p> </blockquote> <p><img style="float: right; margin-left: 15px; width: 300px; height: auto;" src="https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a3/Large_Houston_Landsat.jpg/556px-Large_Houston_Landsat.jpg" width="300 height=" /></p> <p>Actually, the scientific understanding of the dangers posed by rising CO<sub>2</sub> levels date back much further — at least 100 years — but 1979 was a watershed year, with all sort of <a href="https://books.google.com/books?id=J0WrCwAAQBAJ&amp;pg=PT52&amp;lpg=PT52&amp;dq=nature+1979+editorial+climate&amp;source=bl&amp;ots=K9Uav7-8_E&amp;sig=gRUsb2qYMVStqJShsSE4GDL0-Zs&amp;hl=en&amp;sa=X&amp;ved=0ahUKEwiiu5r1_fzVAhWFQCYKHRuaAmQQ6AEIQjAI#v=onepage&amp;q=nature%201979%20editorial%20climate&amp;f=false">reports and high-level meetings</a> organized in response to the growing recognition that we had a serious problem on our hands. Since then, no major corporation, government or organization can justify being taken by surprise by what's happening in Houston this week. Eric Holthaus puts it bluntly in <a href="http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2017/08/28/climate-change-hurricane-harvey-215547"><em>Politico Magazine</em></a>:</p> <blockquote><p>We knew this would happen, decades ago. We knew this would happen, and we didn’t care. Now is the time to say it as loudly as possible: Harvey is what climate change looks like. More specifically, Harvey is what climate change looks like in a world that has decided, over and over, that it doesn’t want to take climate change seriously.</p></blockquote> <p>Wagging an "I told you so" finger isn't very helpful, though, and it's not Holthaus's main point. That would be pouring cold water on the idea that adaptation is a viable response to the mess we're in. "Incremental" tweaks to the prevailing model for civilization aren't going to cut it. He's talking about the model in which large numbers of humans pave over large portions of the Earth with impermeable surfaces, not to mention doing exactly that in service of vast, sprawling industrial operations dedicated to the conversion of fossil carbon chains into liquid fuels.</p> <blockquote><p>Adapting to a future in which a millennium-scale flood can wipe out a major city is much harder than preventing that flood in the first place. By and large, the built world we have right now <a href="https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/rain-from-thunderstorms-is-rising-due-to-climate-change/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">wasn’t constructed with climate change in mind</a>. By continuing to pretend that we can engineer our way out of the worsening flooding problem with bigger dams, more levees and higher-powered pumping equipment, we’re fooling ourselves into a more dangerous future.</p></blockquote> <p>We will have to adapt, of course. More and more scientists have already turned their attention from the study of climate change to the provision of "climate services." This embryonic sector is less interested in mitigating global warming, a certain degree of which is <a href="http://www.nature.com/nclimate/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nclimate3352.html?foxtrotcallback=true">now baked into our ecosystem</a> over the next few decades regardless of what we do about our carbon emissions, than in helping communities and corporations anticipate the effects of that warming and minimize the consequences. To be fair, most of these scientists-turned-consultants are also genuinely worried about the consequences and very much support aggressive mitigation efforts; it's just that they know we are way past the point of no return on threats like sea-level rise, desertification, and catastrophic flooding.</p> <p>But Holthaus and many other professional observers are calling for much more dramatic changes to our standard operating procedures than just making sure new developments aren't built in floodplains. They're talking about abandoning not just poorly-cited buildings, but entire communities. It is really hard to deny, if you want to be honest, that there are <a href="https://www.thrillist.com/lifestyle/new-orleans/9-eerie-abandoned-places-in-new-orleans">portions of New Orleans</a> that simply shouldn't be rebuilt, but left instead to the mercies of the ever-wandering Mississippi, land subsidence and the rising waters of the Delta. Likewise, the summer homes of <a href="http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/special-features/2014/07/140725-outer-banks-north-carolina-sea-level-rise-climate/">the Outer Banks of North Carolina</a> are probably not worth saving. Do desert cities like Phoenix and Scottsdale, Ariz., or <a href="http://www.circleofblue.org/2014/world/water-supply-risk-las-vegas-considers-650-million-insurance-policy/">Las Vegas</a>, Nev., really make sense in the long term, what with the cost of importing water?</p> <p>Pretty soon, for some communities, the only responsible answer to the question of "What do we do to combat the looming effects of climate change?" will be "Leave." No one is keen on going there first, but it is inevitable. Most of us won't turn into climate refugees, of course. But there will be sacrifice enough to go around, especially if you're particularly enamored of private automobiles, golf, or beach houses. (Unless, that is, you're a member of the upper 0.1%, who will be able to hold onto those kind of affectations regardless of what we do to the atmosphere.)</p> <p>The alternative is to continue to pay the 11- or 12-figure price tags of Houston-scale floods and similar not-entirely natural disasters. And along with the economic costs will come social and political side effects. If you think the country is polarized now, just wait a few years. Indeed, why not wait a little more? We've been putting off making the hard decisions for almost 40 years now.</p> <h5 style="text-align: right;">Image: <a href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Large_Houston_Landsat.jpg">Houston from Landsat</a></h5> </div> <span><a title="View user profile." href="/author/hrynyshyn">hrynyshyn</a></span> <span>Tue, 08/29/2017 - 08:57</span> <div class="field field--name-field-blog-categories field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <div class="field--label">Categories</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/channel/environment" hreflang="en">Environment</a></div> </div> </div> Tue, 29 Aug 2017 12:57:20 +0000 hrynyshyn 71062 at https://scienceblogs.com NASA team provides free satellite public health data to researchers and communities https://scienceblogs.com/thepumphandle/2017/08/21/nasa-team-provides-free-satellite-public-health-data-to-researchers-and-communities <span>NASA team provides free satellite public health data to researchers and communities</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>by Dominika Heusinkveld, MD, MPH Researchers at NASA and the University of Arizona, among others, are hoping to make real-time air quality forecasting a reality in the next few years. The <a href="https://haqast.org">NASA Health and Air Quality Applied Sciences Team</a>, or HAQAST, is collaborating with health departments, county and state agencies, and university researchers to get the word out about its satellite data. The data, available for free online, can help track air quality indicators, heavy metals in air, dust, and other atmospheric components which can affect human health.</p> <div style="width: 310px;display:block;margin:0 auto;"><a href="/files/thepumphandle/files/2017/08/photo.png"><img alt="" class="wp-image-11937 size-medium" data-entity-type="" data-entity-uuid="" height="197" src="http://scienceblogs.com/thepumphandle/files/2017/08/photo-300x197.png" width="300" /></a> Photo courtesy of NASA Image Library <p> </p> </div> <p>NASA satellites have been collecting data for years on nitrogen dioxide, ozone, particulate matter, and sulfur dioxide. The time period of available data depends on when the individual satellite was launched. The HAQAST team hopes to encourage local stakeholders to make use of it. NASA HAQAST Team Leader Dr. Tracey Holloway says,  “Hopefully when [agencies] see that satellite data and other NASA resources can answer their [public health] questions, they will take advantage of all the amazing satellite and other data available.” A past NASA project, the <a href="https://haqast.org/aqast-2011-16/">Air Quality Applied Sciences Team</a> (AQAST), was the genesis of the current HAQAST project. AQAST aimed to increase the utility of satellite data to researchers and public agencies while improving communication with stakeholders such as the public and government officials. “We publish papers in journals but it’s not really percolating into policy,” said <a href="http://arellano.faculty.arizona.edu">Avelino Arellano, Jr.</a>, Associate Professor of Data Assimilation and Atmospheric Chemistry at the University of Arizona’s Department of Hydrology and Atmospheric Sciences. The AQAST project was an important way to connect the data to stakeholders. One of the AQAST projects resulted in a brief <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LKe5FdKInJs">video</a> with President Obama explaining how satellite data has been helpful in tracking nitrogen dioxide, a common air pollutant. Arellano sees the video as one of the success stories of AQAST.  Another was improving communication and relationships between agencies like NASA, the EPA, and NOAA. “AQAST was instrumental in showing how satellites can ‘see’ trends in air pollution, even in areas where no other monitors exist. As a result, the EPA used satellite data in their <a href="https://gispub.epa.gov/air/trendsreport/2016/">public report</a> on clean air trends for the first time in 2016,” says Holloway. HAQAST plans to build on those successes with a wider emphasis on human health, says Holloway. Input from satellite data can greatly improve current air quality forecasts, but these are still not accurate on a local scale and require finer resolution to be more useful. “We don’t really have a good forecast for air quality yet,“ says Arellano. For instance, air pollution is worse during rush hour, but many of the older satellites only pass over an area once a day, so the differences in air quality between morning and afternoon rush hour are not seen. A new satellite, called GOES-16, should fill in some of the blanks and provide finer resolution data. According to a <a href="https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2017/goes-16-sends-first-images-to-earth">NASA website</a> its instruments “can provide a full disk image of the Earth every 15 minutes, one of the continental U.S. every five minutes, and [have] the ability to target regional areas…as often as every 30 seconds.” In addition, more research will be needed to fully utilize the data and to integrate it with human health. “In forecasting I’m not really sure that there’s a connection between what the satellite sees and what you breathe,” Arellano says. “We need to connect studies on air quality and data on air quality to health.” For example, while pollution has been linked to cardiac events (such as heart attacks) and lung disease, more studies need to be done on the relationship between air quality and hospitalization events. These relationships are extrapolated in much of the current research; direct correlations would provide a clearer picture. Arellano would like to see public health agencies and federal agencies such as the National Weather Service utilize the satellite data.  He would also welcome collaborations with nonprofit agencies. The main limitation he encounters is lack of connections between researchers and nonprofits. Fortunately, outreach is an important part of HAQAST’s mission. “We have a Twitter account (@NASA_HAQAST), the new <a href="https://haqast.org">website</a>, a semi-monthly newsletter, and even a <a href="https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCrfT0zS-NRa3XfXl-0_FkRA">YouTube channel</a>,” Holloway says. In addition, the team hosts two meetings per year with a variety of local and national agencies. “We’ve found…that listening is the most important part - we need to hear where new information could be helpful… then the scientists on our team work to figure out new ways to answer open questions,“ Holloway says. She encourages interested agencies to contact the team. “Our mission is to serve the public and maximize the benefit of satellite data for health and air quality. ” <strong> </strong><strong>Want data? Here’s where to get it:</strong></p> <ul><li><a href="https://worldview.earthdata.nasa.gov/">Worldview</a>: Users can make layered maps from daily, monthly, and yearly data.   Good for new users, and user-friendly.</li> <li><a href="https://giovanni.gsfc.nasa.gov/">Giovanni</a>: Users can make maps, map plots, and download data.  Also good for new users.</li> <li><a href="https://arset.gsfc.nasa.gov/">ARSET</a>: the Appled Remote Sensing Training program. Offers online training on how to use satellite remote sensing data.</li> <li>For more advanced users: download the data files for mapping or plotting from <a href="https://earthdata.nasa.gov/earth-observation-data/near-real-time">https://earthdata.nasa.gov/earth-observation-data/near-real-time</a>. Will require the use of advanced data management software.</li> </ul><p><em>Dominika Heusinkveld, MD, MPH is currently a graduate student in the University of Arizona's Environmental Science and Journalism programs. Her interests are environmental health, health communication, and science journalism.</em></p> </div> <span><a title="View user profile." href="/author/lborkowski">lborkowski</a></span> <span>Mon, 08/21/2017 - 03:23</span> <div class="field field--name-field-blog-categories field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <div class="field--label">Categories</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/channel/environment" hreflang="en">Environment</a></div> </div> </div> Mon, 21 Aug 2017 07:23:31 +0000 lborkowski 62909 at https://scienceblogs.com Health and environmental groups sue EPA over new rules on toxics https://scienceblogs.com/thepumphandle/2017/08/18/health-and-environmental-groups-sue-epa-over-new-rules-on-toxics <span>Health and environmental groups sue EPA over new rules on toxics</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Earth Justice, the United Steelworkers, the Environmental Defense Fund and other public interest groups are suing the Trump administration over two new regulations to address toxic substances. The groups filed petitions last week with the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit. They are asking to court to review the rules which EPA published on July 20, 2017. The groups will argue that the regulations are contrary to Congress' intent.</p> <p>The Natural Resources Defense Council's Daniel Rosenberg and Jennifer Sass use these photos to illustrate the matter.  It's the difference between what Congress intended when it amended the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) and what EPA administrator Scott Pruitt has done with the new law.</p> <div style="width: 310px;display:block;margin:0 auto;"><a href="http://scienceblogs.com/thepumphandle/files/2017/08/babies.png"><img class="wp-image-11934 size-medium" src="http://scienceblogs.com/thepumphandle/files/2017/08/babies-300x222.png" alt="" width="300" height="222" /></a> Courtesy of D.Rosenberg and J.Sass at NRDC and their blog post "To Pruitt EPA: See You and Your Illegal TSCA Rules in Court." </div> <p> </p> <p><a href="https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2017/07/20/2017-14337/procedures-for-chemical-risk-evaluation-under-the-amended-toxic-substances-control-act">One of the rules</a> being challenged addresses the process and criteria for identifying high-priority chemicals for risk evaluations. The criteria adopted by EPA narrows the breadth of their assessments to only include certain uses of the chemical being evaluated.</p> <blockquote><p>“The Trump EPA deliberately bypassed the law’s clear requirement that safety assessments be based on ALL uses of a chemical. By allowing some or even most chemical uses to be ignored, the EPA proposes to do the very thing the new law was intended to halt,” said Mike Belliveau, Executive Director of the Environmental Health Strategy Center.</p></blockquote> <p>Carving out <em>this</em> use or <em>that</em> use misrepresents the numerous ways in which individuals are exposed to a toxic substance. Slicing and dicing potential exposures was a weakness in the 40 year-old law. Congress intended to fix that deficiency when it amended TSCA in 2016.</p> <p>As Richard Denison at Environmental Defense Fund <a href="http://blogs.edf.org/health/2017/06/29/final-tsca-framework-rules-retreat-from-best-available-science/#more-6633">writes</a>:</p> <blockquote><p>"In reforming TSCA, Congress explicitly required that EPA determine whether or not a chemical substance, not individual uses, presents unreasonable risk, and to do so by conducting comprehensive risk evaluations. This is because, while exposures resulting from certain uses of a chemical viewed in isolation may present low risk to some groups of people, when multiple exposures are combined and when all potentially susceptible subpopulations are considered, such a chemical may well present unreasonable risk and warrant restrictions."</p></blockquote> <p>The <a href="https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2017/07/20/2017-14325/procedures-for-prioritization-of-chemicals-for-risk-evaluation-under-the-toxic-substances-control">second rule</a> being challenge is a companion to the first. It addresses the procedures for determining whether a high-priority chemical present an <em>“unreasonable risk to health or the environment.” </em> That’s a key phrase in the 2016 amendments. It was crafted to ensure the law puts primacy on health protection.</p> <p>Three different lawsuits on the rules have been filed by public interest groups. The Environmental Defense Fund is party on one of the suits, the Natural Resources Defense Council on another lawsuit, and a coalition of groups including Safer Chemicals Healthy Families and the Union of Concerned Scientists are parties on the third lawsuit (<a href="http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/Pet%20for%20Rev-Prioritization%20Rule.pdf">here</a>, <a href="http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/Pet%20for%20Rev-Risk%20Eval%20Rule.pdf">here</a>). The groups filed their petitions with the Court last week. At a later date they will be required to lay out their arguments challenging the two EPA rules.</p> <p>In joining the lawsuit with Safer Chemicals Healthy Families, Linda Reinstein with the Asbestos Disease Awareness Organization said:</p> <blockquote><p>"EPA's failure to review and restrict asbestos in 1991 led thousands of people to be exposed to the deadly substance, resulting in countless new cases of mesothelioma. Similar failures under the new law will, tragically, have similar deadly results.”</p></blockquote> </div> <span><a title="View user profile." href="/author/cmonforton">cmonforton</a></span> <span>Fri, 08/18/2017 - 09:50</span> <div class="field field--name-field-blog-categories field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <div class="field--label">Categories</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/channel/environment" hreflang="en">Environment</a></div> </div> </div> Fri, 18 Aug 2017 13:50:18 +0000 cmonforton 62908 at https://scienceblogs.com There's no place like home (for now) https://scienceblogs.com/classm/2017/08/10/theres-no-place-like-home-for-now <span>There&#039;s no place like home (for now)</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>The number of people who <a href="http://climatecommunication.yale.edu/publications/more-americans-perceive-harm-from-global-warming-survey-finds/5/">still aren't worried</a> about climate change — or the number of voters willing to elect someone who feels that way, which is pretty much the same thing — is still depressingly high. But many others have long since moved on to the practical issues of how to respond to the consequent ecological disruption. This category includes scientists, artists, captains of industry, and those who are actually charged with dealing with the myriad problems involved. They all seem to be coming to the same conclusion: humans would rather stay at home and adapt rather than move to safer territory. Not exactly the most draw-dropping of findings, I know. But how realistic is it?</p> <h5 style="float: right; margin-left: 20px; width: 300px;"><a href="/files/classm/files/2017/08/Jamero_et_al-2017-Nature_Climate_Change.jpg"><img alt="" class="alignright size-medium wp-image-266" data-entity-type="" data-entity-uuid="" height="222" src="http://scienceblogs.com/classm/files/2017/08/Jamero_et_al-2017-Nature_Climate_Change-300x222.jpg" width="300" /></a> PHOTO: <em>Nature Climate Change</em> (DOI: 10.1038/NCLIMATE3344)</h5> <p>A new paper in <em>Nature Climate Change</em> takes what could be considered a peek into the future by examining the response of the inhabitants of several small low-lying islands in the Philippines to the kind of inundation that rising sea levels are expected to bring. "<a href="https://www.nature.com/articles/nclimate3344.epdf"><span class="current-selection">Small-island</span> <span class="current-selection">c</span><span class="current-selection">ommunities</span> <span class="current-selection">in</span> <span class="current-selection">the</span> <span class="current-selection">Philippines</span> <span class="current-selection">pr</span><span class="current-selection">ef</span><span class="current-selection">er </span><span class="current-selection">local</span> <span class="current-selection">measur</span><span class="current-selection">es</span> <span class="current-selection">to</span> <span class="current-selection">r</span><span class="current-selection">elocation</span> <span class="current-selection">in</span> <span class="current-selection">r</span><span class="current-selection">esponse</span> <span class="current-selection">to </span><span class="current-selection">sea-le</span><span class="current-selection">v</span><span class="current-selection">el rise</span></a><span class="current-selection">" uses the recent case of earthquake-generated subsidence on four islands on a barrier reef off the north coast of the major island of Bohol to see what people will do when faced with the choice of becoming climate refugees or toughing it out a home. "In doing so, the study will also challenge the notion that sea-level rise directly leads to migration," write Laurice Jamero and her co-authors. </span> The islanders, mostly subsistence or artisan fishers, wouldn't have had to move too far if they chose relocation. You can see Bohol from some of their homes, and there's a good chance at least some of them could continue to pursue their livelihood even after relocation. I spent a couple of weeks in the region back in 2003, and am familiar with the communities in question, which is why this paper tweaked my interest. Even with water lapping at their doors (see image above), they chose to adapt. Why? Considering how different island life is to that of the nearby larger cities like Cebu, their decision isn't hard to understand. The paper dances around the answer:</p> <blockquote><p>This paradox indicates that, more than environmental factors (that is, degree of flooding severity), the decision to relocate is influenced by social factors, such as the level of human adaptation strategies and the determination of communities to remain in their islands to secure their fishing-based livelihoods. It also therefore refutes the assumption of the mass migration theory that sea-level rise alone could directly lead to relocation. However, it remains to be seen whether there are social limits to adaptation by island communities, what the limiting factors might be (if any), and how these could be overcome.</p></blockquote> <p>In other words, people are homebodies. Of course, things might be different if the seas were understood to keep rising. The strategies they used to adapt to a relatively modest increase (between 20 and 43 cm), including raising their homes on stilts and their walkways on stones, proved workable in the face of a one-time change. But they would rapidly become pointless if the world's oceans rise as fast as <a href="https://pubs.giss.nasa.gov/abs/ha04710s.html">James Hansen and company</a> fear they will. (We're talking multiple meters by the end of the century.) Migration might start to look like the only reasonable option under such scenarios. Most of these islands are only a metre or two above sea level at most. Jamero et al. then make the point that it's a lot easier for rich communities to build much more dramatic defenses, like sea walls, than it is for subsistence fishers to do the same, implying that developed-world responses are probably going to involve even more stubborn refusals to pick up and leave. <img alt="" class="alignright" data-entity-type="" data-entity-uuid="" height="161" src="http://www.kimstanleyrobinson.info/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/field/image/201609_NY2140.jpg" width="106" />Indeed, this is what a growing list of science fiction authors are postulating. Coincidentally, just a few days before coming across that paper, I finished reading Kim Stanley Robinson's latest epic, <a href="http://kimstanleyrobinson.info/content/new-york-2140"><em>New York 2140</em></a>. The novel picks up after two pulses of ice melt from Greenland and Antarctica have pushed up the ocean surface by 15 metres or so, turning New York City into Venice. Eventually, another Sandy-sized storm looms on the horizon and, well, spoilers ensue. The point is that Robinson's depiction of a city populated by people who refuse to give up even in the face of nearly insurmountable odds parallels the one detailed by Jamero. I haven't come across any decent cli-fi that is primarily concerned with migration. (Well, there is Stephen Baxter's <em>Flood</em>, but that's a wildly implausible story.)</p> <h5 style="float: right; margin-left: 20px; width: 300px;"><a href="https://img.washingtonpost.com/rf/image_1484w/2010-2019/WashingtonPost/2017/08/08/National-Enterprise/Images/Flooding-New_Orleans_85948-c67f9.jpg?uuid=vCd6kHxWEeedCLefGRZo7Q"><img alt="" class="alignleft" data-entity-type="" data-entity-uuid="" height="197" src="https://img.washingtonpost.com/rf/image_1484w/2010-2019/WashingtonPost/2017/08/08/National-Enterprise/Images/Flooding-New_Orleans_85948-c67f9.jpg?uuid=vCd6kHxWEeedCLefGRZo7Q" width="293" /></a> <a href="http://few here are confident the fixes can keep the city dry for long.">PHOTO</a>: Brett Duke/NOLA.com/Times-Picayune/Associated Press</h5> <p>Anyone anticipating that well-off Americans will be willing to become climate refugees is probably fooling themselves. Yes, it would cost untold billions to surround Manhattan with a seawall of any real use. But look what New Orleans has spent since Katrina —<a href="http://few here are confident the fixes can keep the city dry for long.">$15 billion</a> — and yet "few here are confident the fixes can keep the city dry for long," according to the <em>Washington Post</em>, reporting after this month's rainfall overwhelmed the new pump network. And that was just rain; no hurricane required. The rational response to rising sea levels would be to move away from the coast. Or least abandon communities that sit below sea level. But don't tell that to the folks of NOLA. Or the Dutch, for that matter. Home is where the heart is. Besides, we've already got plenty of cause for internal migration in the form of a low unemployment rate and blue-collar jobs evaporating in the heat of automation, but few Americans are willing to go where the jobs are. This is in part because they can't afford to live where the jobs are. So why would a migration forced, not by robots, but the loss of waterfront property, be any different? By the way, this explains the <a href="https://thecollider.org">"climate services" community</a> emerging in Asheville, N.C., the one where private analysts use public climate data to help companies and communities make themselves more <a href="https://toolkit.climate.gov">resilient</a> to climate change. Seems there's not a lot of money to made telling people where to go. Not yet, anyway. But all bets are off if <a href="http://nymag.com/daily/intelligencer/2017/07/climate-change-earth-too-hot-for-humans-annotated.html">the worst-case scenarios</a> start coming true. Deep roots are fine — until salt-water intrusion begins to rot them, that is.  </p> </div> <span><a title="View user profile." href="/author/hrynyshyn">hrynyshyn</a></span> <span>Thu, 08/10/2017 - 04:24</span> <div class="field field--name-field-blog-categories field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <div class="field--label">Categories</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/channel/environment" hreflang="en">Environment</a></div> </div> </div> Thu, 10 Aug 2017 08:24:17 +0000 hrynyshyn 71060 at https://scienceblogs.com UCS tallies assaults on science during Trump’s first six months https://scienceblogs.com/thepumphandle/2017/07/24/ucs-tallies-assaults-on-science-during-trumps-first-six-months <span>UCS tallies assaults on science during Trump’s first six months</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Members of the public health community are aware of many of the ways the Trump administration and the 115<sup>th</sup> Congress are hindering and reversing evidence-based actions for public health – from <a href="http://scienceblogs.com/thepumphandle/2017/01/30/one-step-forward-two-steps-back-dire-consequences-from-trumps-edict-on-regulations/">an executive order requiring agencies to scrap two regulations each time they create a new one</a> to advancing legislation that would <a href="http://scienceblogs.com/thepumphandle/2017/04/11/house-passes-bills-that-will-make-it-harder-for-epa-to-protect-public-health/">make it harder for EPA to obtain and use the most up-to-date science in its work</a>. With so many threats to public health arising each month, it can be hard to catch all of them, though. The Union of Concerned Scientists has performed a tremendous service by producing the report <em><a href="http://www.ucsusa.org/center-science-and-democracy/promoting-scientific-integrity/sidelining-science-from-day-one">Sidelining Science from Day One: How the Trump Administration Has Harmed Public Health and Safety in Its First Six Months</a></em>.</p> <p>The authors of the UCS report – Jacob Carter, Gretchen Goldman, Genna Reed, Peter Hansel, Michael Halpern, and Andrew Rosenberg – remind us it’s so important for the US government to encourage, conduct, and make use of science:</p> <blockquote><p>Research in the 1970s about the neurological effects of lead on children resulted in policies to phase-out its use in paint and gasoline. Research on chemicals and metals has improved the quality of our air, water, and soil. Research on infectious diseases has saved innumerable lives by helping governments prevent or anticipate responses to future outbreaks. Advancements in technology have made household appliances, automobiles, and other consumer products safer, cleaner, and more cost-effective and energy-efficient. Government science has improved weather predictions, and climate studies have helped communities across the United States prepare for rising sea levels, drought, extreme heat, and other impacts of climate change.</p></blockquote> <p>All modern presidents have politicized science to some degree, they write, but “these threats to the federal scientific enterprise have escalated markedly” under the Trump administration. Here’s their summary of the current situation:</p> <blockquote><p>President Trump and his advisors and appointees, along with allied members of Congress, have willfully distorted scientific information, targeted scientists for doing their jobs, impeded scientists’ ability to conduct research, limited access to taxpayer-funded scientific information, disregarded the science in science-based policies, and rolled back science-based protections aimed at advancing public health. They have appointed officials with severe conflicts of interest to oversee industries to which they are tied, and, in some cases, they now lead agencies they have previously disparaged or even sued. They have dismissed climate science despite overwhelming evidence of the devastating impacts of climate change. And they have restricted agencies from considering scientific evidence fully in the decision-making process. Further, the president’s budget blueprints reveal the administration’s desire to scrap investments in basic data collection and research at major agencies, threatening the government’s ability to enforce our nation’s public health and environmental laws.</p></blockquote> <p> </p> <p><strong>Attacking work on climate and other aspects of public health</strong><br /> It’s not a surprise that many of the harmful actions the report describes focus on climate change. These include the <a href="http://www.ucsusa.org/center-science-and-democracy/attacks-on-science/centers-disease-control-and-prevention-cancels">cancelation of CDC’s Climate and Health Summit;</a> <a href="http://www.ucsusa.org/center-science-and-democracy/attacks-on-science/communication-multiple-agencies-restricted-after">temporary media blackouts focused on agencies doing climate work</a>; instructing employees at the Energy Department’s Office of International Climate and Clean Energy to <a href="http://www.politico.com/story/2017/03/energy-department-climate-change-phrases-banned-236655">avoid using the term “climate change” in written communications</a>; <a href="http://www.ucsusa.org/center-science-and-democracy/attacks-on-science/department-interior-censors-press-release-usgs-study">removing language on climate change and sea level rise</a> from a press release on new work by US Geological Survey scientists; <a href="http://www.ucsusa.org/center-science-and-democracy/attacks-on-science/noaa-neglects-connect-human-activity-greenhouse">failing to link greenhouse gas emissions and human activity</a> in a NOAA news release; and an executive order reversing and stalling <a href="http://blog.ucsusa.org/rachel-cleetus/president-trumps-all-out-attack-on-climate-policy">multiple climate-related policies from the Obama administration</a>. And, of course, <a href="http://scienceblogs.com/thepumphandle/2017/06/06/paris-and-profits/">President Trump’s decision to withdraw from the Paris Climate Agreement</a> will have <a href="http://scienceblogs.com/thepumphandle/2017/06/01/sad-to-be-an-american-grieving-for-mother-earth-and-her-people/">grave consequences for public health</a>.</p> <p>The UCS report also catalogs some of the many public-health regulations that the Trump administration has delayed, with serious consequences for those who work with hazardous substances and live in communities with high levels of pollution. For instance, the administration is re-reviewing regulation of <a href="http://blog.ucsusa.org/dave-cooke/fact-checking-the-trump-administrations-claims-about-epas-vehicle-standards">vehicle emissions standards</a>; <a href="http://cen.acs.org/articles/95/i12/EPA-chief-delays-industrial-chemical-safety-regulation.html">delayed implementation of the Risk Management Plan program</a> intended to prevent disasters like the deadly fertilizer facility fire in West, Texas; <a href="https://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=FEDERAL_REGISTER&amp;p_id=27731">put off the effective date</a> of a regulation to <a href="http://scienceblogs.com/thepumphandle/2017/01/12/a-unions-persistence-results-in-new-osha-rule-for-workers-exposed-to-beryllium/">better protect workers exposed to beryllium</a>; <a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2017/05/15/health/pesticides-epa-chlorpyrifos-scott-pruitt.html">rejected a petition to ban the pesticide chlorpyrifos</a>, which studies have linked to neurodevelopmental problems; <a href="https://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=news_releases&amp;p_id=33810">delayed enforcement</a> of a rule to <a href="http://scienceblogs.com/thepumphandle/2016/03/24/sorry-it-took-so-long-osha-issues-rule-to-protect-workers-exposed-to-silica-dust/">reduce workers’ exposure to lung-destroying crystalline silica</a>; <a href="http://blog.ucsusa.org/gretchen-goldman/drowning-in-a-sea-of-sufficient-ozone-research-an-open-letter-to-epa-administrator-scott-pruitt">delayed implementation of a 2015 ozone pollution rule</a>; and made <a href="http://www.politico.com/story/2017/06/22/trump-epa-energy-chemicals-clash-239875">chemical-industry-friendly changes to EPA rules</a> implementing the updated Toxic Substances Control Act.</p> <p>Although environmental and occupational health got the brunt of anti-regulatory fervor, other aspects of public health haven’t gone unscathed. The Department of Health and Human Services quietly <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/mar/20/health-human-services-lgbt-question-seniors-survey">removed a question about sexual identity from a survey of older individuals</a> and <a href="https://www.revealnews.org/article/trump-administration-suddenly-pulls-plug-on-teen-pregnancy-programs/">abruptly terminated multi-year projects on teen pregnancy prevention</a>. FDA has <a href="http://blog.ucsusa.org/genna-reed/signed-sealed-delayed-the-new-fate-of-the-added-sugar-rule-and-other-safeguards">indefinitely delayed rollout of a nutrition label that reports added sugars</a>. <a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/public-safety/sessions-orders-justice-dept-to-end-forensic-science-commission-suspend-review-policy/2017/04/10/2dada0ca-1c96-11e7-9887-1a5314b56a08_story.html?utm_term=.47214c44caf3">Attorney General Jeff Sessions has declined to renew the National Commission on Forensic Sciences</a> that the Obama administration created in 2013.</p> <p><a href="http://scienceblogs.com/thepumphandle/2017/01/30/one-step-forward-two-steps-back-dire-consequences-from-trumps-edict-on-regulations/">Executive Order 13771</a>, which instructs federal agencies to rescind two existing regulations each time it adopts a new one, considers the financial costs of regulations without appropriately recognizes their public-health benefits – and will mean fewer health-protective regulations overall. <a href="http://scienceblogs.com/thepumphandle/2017/06/16/scientists-join-case-against-trumps-2-for-1-regulatory-order/">Public Citizen, NRDC, and Communications Workers of America have sued to block it</a>.</p> <p>In some cases, Congress and the administration have worked together to roll back public health protections and make it harder for public health agencies to do their jobs. Congress passed and Trump signed laws <a href="https://www.vox.com/2017/2/2/14488448/stream-protection-rule">rescinding the Obama administration’s Stream Protection Rule</a>, which limited the dumping of coal mine waste into streams, and <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/trump-repeals-regulation-wage-theft_us_58d9408ee4b03692bea814c9">Fair Pay and Safe Workplaces rule</a>, which sought to reduce the extent to which federal contracts are awarded to companies engage in wage theft or violate laws on workplace safety.</p> <p>The House has also passed the <a href="https://www.nrdc.org/experts/david-goldston/reins-act-why-congress-should-hold-its-horses">REINS Act</a>, which would require regulations with $100 million in projected annual impact to be reviewed by a political appointee before taking effect; <a href="http://scienceblogs.com/thepumphandle/2017/04/11/house-passes-bills-that-will-make-it-harder-for-epa-to-protect-public-health/">the HONEST Act and EPA Science Advisory Board Reform Act</a>, which would make it much harder for EPA to receive and use up-to-date scientific advice and information; and the <a href="https://news.utexas.edu/2017/02/03/regulatory-accountability-act-threatens-health-and-safety">Regulatory Accountability Act</a>, which would significantly disrupt the science-based rulemaking process at all agencies.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Making life harder for federal scientists</strong></p> <p>The day before the six-month mark of the Trump administration, federal employee Joel Clement took a brave and important step. With <a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/im-a-scientist-the-trump-administration-reassigned-me-for-speaking-up-about-climate-change/2017/07/19/389b8dce-6b12-11e7-9c15-177740635e83_story.html?utm_term=.9ab617f82081">an opinion column in the Washington Post</a>, he blew the whistle on the Trump administration’s involuntary reassignment of dozens of senior Department of Interior employees. Clement writes:</p> <blockquote><p>Nearly seven years ago, I came to work for the Interior Department, where, among other things, I’ve helped endangered communities in Alaska prepare for and adapt to a changing climate. But on June 15, I was one of about 50 senior department employees who received letters informing us of involuntary reassignments. Citing a need to “improve talent development, mission delivery and collaboration,” the letter informed me that I was reassigned to an unrelated job in the accounting office that collects royalty checks from fossil fuel companies.</p> <p>I am not an accountant — but you don’t have to be one to see that the administration’s excuse for a reassignment such as mine doesn’t add up. A few days after my reassignment, Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke testified before Congress that the department would use reassignments as part of its effort to eliminate employees; the only reasonable inference from that testimony is that he expects people to quit in response to undesirable transfers. Some of my colleagues are being relocated across the country, at taxpayer expense, to serve in equally ill-fitting jobs.</p> <p>I believe I was retaliated against for speaking out publicly about the dangers that climate change poses to Alaska Native communities. During the months preceding my reassignment, I raised the issue with White House officials, senior Interior officials and the international community, most recently at a U.N. conference in June. It is clear to me that the administration was so uncomfortable with this work, and my disclosures, that I was reassigned with the intent to coerce me into leaving the federal government.</p></blockquote> <p>Clement has filed a complaint with the US Office of Special Counsel, but we don’t need to wait for their decision to know that the environment has grown harsher for federal employees whose work involves science. The UCS report notes that the House of Representatives’ revival of the <a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/the-holman-rule-will-have-a-chilling-effect-on-federal-workers/2017/01/10/c0c91158-d6a2-11e6-a0e6-d502d6751bc8_story.html?utm_term=.a45e78d6e9fb">1876 Holman Rule</a>, which allows members of Congress to target specific federal offices or employees for elimination and reduce an individual employee’s salary, can create a climate in which federal employees feel pressured to avoid releasing information or issuing regulations that members of Congress are known dislike. Congress may also get distorted information from federal agencies if political appointees pressure agency employees or advisors to revise their testimony – something that happened to <a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/26/us/politics/epa-official-pressured-scientist-on-congressional-testimony-emails-show.html">EPA Science Advisory Board’s Deborah Swackhamer as she prepared to testify to the House Science Committee</a> on the role of states in environmental policy. And, when scientists are told not to attend conferences – for instance, the <a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/02/10/514479451/epa-halves-staff-attending-alaska-environmental-conference">Alaska Forum on the Environment</a> or an <a href="http://allthingsnuclear.org/elyman/trump-admin-blocks-government-scientists-from-meeting">international conference on nuclear energy</a> – it makes it harder for them to stay current and connected in their fields. Throw in a few <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/david-h-bailey/how-qualified-scientifica_b_13643058.html">political appointees who are underqualified and antagonistic to the agency’s work</a>, and you’ve got a climate that seems engineered to demoralize federal employees involved with science.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Moving forward</strong></p> <p>As the UCS report notes, members of the scientific and public-health communities are mobilizing to defend federal science and evidence-based rulemaking against recent attacks. Carter and his co-authors write:</p> <blockquote><p>Recognizing the stakes, scientists and science supporters are speaking up, taking advantage of the momentum of successful marches and new opportunities for political engagement. Scientists and science supporters are connecting the administration’s actions to consequences for public health and the environment. By understanding current and evolving threats and taking advantage of new vehicles for advocacy, we can defend the scientific enterprise our democracy depends on and preserve the public health, safety, security, and environmental protections that make our nation great. Scientists and science supporters, Congress, and the media can all play a role.</p></blockquote> <p>They make recommendations for scientists and science supporters, Congress, and the media:</p> <ul><li> <blockquote><p><strong><a href="http://www.ucsusa.org/take-action/science-network/watchdog-with-ucs">Scientists</a> and <a href="https://secure.ucsusa.org/onlineactions/NZPr3JhPBkWlzkx9bZ501w2">science supporters</a></strong> should scrutinize administration and congressional actions and sound the alarm when science is misused. They can also play a unique role in articulating to others the importance of science in our daily lives. Communicating the importance of science and science-based policies to the public and decisionmakers is crucial to fighting attacks on science in this highly charged political environment.</p></blockquote> </li> <li> <blockquote><p><strong>Congress</strong> should use its oversight authorities to investigate and hold accountable the administration for actions that threaten scientific integrity and science-based policies, and it should act to protect whistleblowers. With the growing trend of abuses against science in the Trump administration, Congress must exercise its full authority as a check against the executive branch. Also, Congress should pass legislation to better protect federal scientists and the integrity of science in our federal agencies.</p></blockquote> </li> <li> <blockquote><p><strong>Journalists </strong>must continue to hold administration officials and members of Congress accountable for their words and actions and investigate cases of suppressing, misrepresenting, manipulating, or otherwise politicizing science, along with related allegations of wrongdoing in our federal government. The media should seek out scientists as sources when possible and call out agencies that place unnecessary barriers on communications between journalists and government scientists.</p></blockquote> </li> </ul><p>Without strong action to oppose current assaults on science, it will only become harder to address threats to public health from infectious diseases, pollutants, and unsafe consumer products. Agency efforts to encourage healthier behaviors and built environments may see recent gains reversed and future progress stalled. Responding to the threats described in the the UCS reports is essential for the health of future generations.</p> <p>To download a copy of <em>Sidelining Science from Day One</em> and see an interactive timeline of Trump Administration and Congressional Actions, <a href="http://www.ucsusa.org/center-science-and-democracy/promoting-scientific-integrity/sidelining-science-from-day-one">visit the UCS website</a>.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Related posts</strong><br /><a href="http://scienceblogs.com/thepumphandle/2017/06/16/scientists-join-case-against-trumps-2-for-1-regulatory-order/">Scientists join case against Trump’s 2 for 1 regulatory order</a> (June 6)<br /><a href="http://scienceblogs.com/thepumphandle/2017/06/06/paris-and-profits/">Paris and profits</a> (June 6)<br /><a href="http://scienceblogs.com/thepumphandle/2017/06/01/sad-to-be-an-american-grieving-for-mother-earth-and-her-people/">Sad to be an American, grieving for Mother Earth and her people</a> (June 1)<br /><a href="http://scienceblogs.com/thepumphandle/2017/04/20/evolving-door-from-chemical-industry-to-epa-no-way-to-boost-public-confidence/">Revolving door from chemical industry to EPA: No way to boost public confidence</a> (April 20)<br /><a href="http://scienceblogs.com/thepumphandle/2017/04/19/formaldehyde-scientists-and-politics/">Formaldehyde, scientists, and politics</a> (April 19)<br /><a href="http://scienceblogs.com/thepumphandle/2017/04/11/house-passes-bills-that-will-make-it-harder-for-epa-to-protect-public-health/">House passes bills that will make it harder for EPA to protect public health</a> (April 11)<br /><a href="http://scienceblogs.com/thepumphandle/2017/03/08/health-organizations-warn-about-regulatory-reform-bills-sweeping-congress/">Health organizations warn about “regulatory reform” bills sweeping Congress</a> (March 8)<br /><a href="http://scienceblogs.com/thepumphandle/2017/02/27/scientific-integrity-act-protecting-the-government-science-that-protects-all-of-us/">Scientific Integrity Act: Protecting the government science that protects all of us </a>(February 27)<br /><a href="http://scienceblogs.com/thepumphandle/2017/02/08/work-for-an-agency-have-something-to-leak/">Work for an agency? Have something to leak?</a> (February 8)<br /><a href="http://scienceblogs.com/thepumphandle/2017/01/30/one-step-forward-two-steps-back-dire-consequences-from-trumps-edict-on-regulations/">One step forward, two steps back. Dire consequences from Trump’s edict on regulations</a> (January 30)</p> </div> <span><a title="View user profile." href="/author/lborkowski">lborkowski</a></span> <span>Mon, 07/24/2017 - 02:04</span> <div class="field field--name-field-blog-categories field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <div class="field--label">Categories</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/channel/environment" hreflang="en">Environment</a></div> </div> </div> Mon, 24 Jul 2017 06:04:13 +0000 lborkowski 62896 at https://scienceblogs.com