How to not get caught plagiarizing

In short: Don’t do it. But in truth, that is not good enough.

I have assigned and graded or had graded by TA’s tens of thousands of bits of writing by college students over the years. A lot of my friends are teachers. My wife is a teacher. I’ve seen it all. If you are a student trying to avoid getting caught plagiarizing, I can help you.

You need to know the following three things. These facts will save you from getting tossed out of college or having a mark on your high school record.

1) Teachers hate plagiarism more than they hate stepping on puppies and kittens. If there are two students in a class, and one has plagiarized an assignment and one has crushed some puppies and kittens, and the teacher only has time to turn one of them it to the administration, they’ll turn in the plagiarizer.

2) There has almost never been a case where a student was proved to have plagiarized something (by matching the original to the student’s paper) where the plagiarism wasn’t already blindingly obvious to the teacher to begin with. In other words, when you plagiarize something, it is always spotted immediately. If some other student tells you that they got away with it, they are lying to you (like House says, people always lie) or the teacher chose to not turn them in. Yet.

Given this, you should understand that plagiarism is never a good strategy for improving your grade. Just don’t do it.

Having said that, and recognizing that you didn’t come to this blog post to learn how to cheat, we can examine the marginal, rare cases that seem to happen so often; There are times, according to some students, when they didn’t really mean to plagiarize but they did anyway by mistake. For instance, the student copies a bunch of text from various web sites into a document file, then proceeds to write his own prose, deleting these “notes” as he goes. Then he saves the file and just at that moment the computer crashes. When the computer comes back up again, the file seems to be there but he has to get to basketball practice so he doesn’t look at the file. Then the next day he just turns the file in and never realized that the file had reverted to the earlier version which was nothing but snippets of text from various Wikipedia pages.

Which brings us to the third thing:

3) It does not matter if you did not mean to plagiarize or if you did it by accident or if your dog did it while you were not looking or whatever. Plagiarism is when you hand in work that consists wholly or in part of the work of another, unattributed. It does not matter how it got there. It does not matter what your intent was. It only matters that someone else’s work was passed off as yours.

You might be thinking that teachers and others are overplaying this. You might be thinking that it is not as though civilization will come to an end if plagiarism happens, so just get over it. If that is what you are thinking, then you are definitely not getting this: The truth is, that if plagiarism happens a lot, an important part of civilization will in fact end. The fact that you don’t understand this is of no interest to the keepers of civilization who will crush you like an ogre crushes a puppy if you do it. So deal.

So, what about the title of this post? How do you avoid getting caught plagiarizing? There are two steps to this process.

1) Don’t do it.

2) Don’t seem to be doing it, and for that, I have some actual helpful advice.

When you do go about copying and pasting text from the Internet as part of your research ALWAYS use a simple convention to make sure that this text is ALWAYS identified as someone else’s. Your convention needs two parts: Attribution and delimiters.

Delimiters first. When you copy something into a document file form the Internet, always use the same symbols to surround the text you copies. I suggest /slash marks/ or possibly [brackets]. Later, you can look at your document and know which parts are either notes destined to be erased or quotes destined to be put in “quote marks” or made into a block quote.

The attribution is the information you put just after the text you copied so you can reference it later. There are a lot of ways to do this. The simplest way for a small project is to make a list at the bottom of your document that has the URL’s you used as sources, numbered, and then use the numbers in your document to identify the text. It is not my job her to tell you the proper way to provide attribution and bibliographic references for your work … that varies with the school, the academic discipline, and the instructor. But however that is supposed to be done, it is in this stage of assembling the notes and information that you must link the reference to the source to the actual material.

If you use the delimiters, and your computer crashes and returns your document to the “notes” version, and you accidentally hand that in, you wont’ get in trouble for plagiarizing! Why? Because instead of handing in this…

The aardvark (Orycteropus afer, from Greek ορυκτερόπους (orykterópous) meaning “digging footed” and afer: from Africa) is a medium-sized, burrowing, nocturnal mammal native to Africa.[2] It is the only living species of the order Tubulidentata, although other prehistoric species and genera of Tubulidentata are known.

Aardvarks have 4 toes on the forefeet and 5 toes on the hind feet, each ending in a spade-like claw that helps them to dig with great speed and force. Digging is used both to acquire food and as a means of escape. The stance is digitigrade.

… as though you wrote these words, which would actually be plagiarized from two sources, you’d be handing in this:

/The aardvark (Orycteropus afer, from Greek ορυκτερόπους (orykterópous) meaning “digging footed” and afer: from Africa) is a medium-sized, burrowing, nocturnal mammal native to Africa.[2] It is the only living species of the order Tubulidentata, although other prehistoric species and genera of Tubulidentata are known./ [1]

/Aardvarks have 4 toes on the forefeet and 5 toes on the hind feet, each ending in a spade-like claw that helps them to dig with great speed and force. Digging is used both to acquire food and as a means of escape. The stance is digitigrade./ [2]

1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aardvark
2. http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Orycteropus_afer.html

And then your teacher will be like, “What’s this” and you’ll be like “oh, crap, those are my notes! My computer crashed and this musta legit happened, man!”

You might get a crappy grade for this, but you won’t have that letter added to your file that will follow you around for the rest of your life.

There is something else you need to be aware of. Plagiarism isn’t just copying the exact words someone else wrote as though they were your own. It is also stating ideas that other people wrote and not attributing the ideas to them. There is something you need to know if you are writing an essay for high school or an intro college course: I promise you that your grader or teacher will be much more impressed by your frequent use of properly done citations than with some lame idea you claim (inadvertence or purposefully) to have had which is not really yours. Keep in mind that the people who are reading your essay have likely already read some or even all of the material you are using. If you present an idea as your own, and the idea is already in the literature, we know that either stolen the idea or you’ve had an unoriginal idea that you did not know was out there because you’ve not really done your homework.

If you really do have an original idea or observation, which is quite possible because you are clearly a very smart person if you’ve read this far in this very important essay, then make it clear in your work that it is your idea. How do you do that? Using language. Words. Sentences. Just say it. If you were busy writing your essay in the third person or in passive voice, then you may have a hard time phrasing a reference to yourself. Otherwise, just say that something is your idea. But just before you do that, google it. Maybe you’ll find someone else saying the same thing, and that will be a win because you’ll have yet another reference to properly cite in your essay!

_________________

Teachers: If you would like a PDF version of this essay to hand out to your students, feel free to download this file: HowToNotGetCaughtPllagiarizing.pdf

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Other posts of interest:

Also of interest: In Search of Sungudogo: A novel of adventure and mystery, which is also an alternative history of the Skeptics Movement.

Comments

  1. #1 Lorax
    November 29, 2011

    It’s also plagiarism if you take the idea(s) of someone else even if you do not use the same words. I’m not sure where I heard that before. Although this issue may be trickier at the high school level (and even early college), because it is probably difficult to for students to know which ideas are common knowledge and which require citation.

  2. #2 Greg Laden
    November 29, 2011

    Good point. I should add that in to the post. It is easy to focus on the blatant cut and paste and forget this.

  3. #3 Schenck
    November 29, 2011

    This is like, “the surefire way to not get caught cheating by your wife: don’t cheat!” Great post! I tell my students that I don’t care /how many/ citations they have (for the upper limit), if their writing contains a citation every few sentences, /that’s awesome/. I tell them to look at the science journal articles that they’re using for their research, if you eliminated all non-original work in those articles, they’re’d be practically nothing, so it’s basically impossible for a student to over-cite. I’ve never heard of it in fact.

    I also like that you specifically addressed the issue of having poorly organized research notes. A student should /especially/ be punished when they plagiarize because of that, they /need/ to develop good note taking techniques. I recently saw some scans of C. Darwin’s notebooks (I believe this was the Red notebooks in particular) and he’d actually strike-out entire sections as he used them, /that’s/ discipline!

    Also, on plagiarism being obvious, it’s funny you mention this because our campus has gone through a bit of a process to get “plagiarism detecting software” and push it’s use on us. And yet, I don’t think I’ve heard of a single student being bounced out because of plagiarism. Guess we only have super honest and diligent students (see, they exist, they’re just all here!).

  4. #4 Scott Catledge
    November 29, 2011

    If plagiarism is such a bad thing–and I am not disagreeing–how can so-called reputable academic journals get away with it. I am thinking of Lior Shamir’s situation but cannot afford the Chronicle subscription to discover just which journals are the co-conspirator offenders. I have been plagiarized myself but Canada makes it difficult: I have to hire a lawyer in that country and sue there–I do not have the funds.
    I always stress that ideas must be documented as well as their expression–unless the idea is one’s own. I have seen passing few original ideas since I began teaching a half-century ago. I stress that appeals to common knowledge require documentation that the ideas are common knowledge. It is easier for the writer simply to document a source than to document the existence of “common knowledge” as several students have found to their dismay.
    One spent weeks doing so and failed because he did not have enough time to finish the paper adequately; his colleagues were smarter and picked a source to cite, ignoring any “common knowledge.”

  5. #5 Greg Laden
    November 29, 2011

    Hey, I had an entire chapter of an archaeological contract report, addressing side notched points from the Esopus river region of New York State, lifted and published almost word for word as an article in Man in the Northeast by Charles Fisher. Chuck was a friend of mine but his wife, Karen Hartgen of Hargen Associated forced him to do it. That was a long time ago, but it was still a serious academic crime. I never said much publicly about this to avoid embarassment to Chuck but now that he is dead, I don’t really care. He is already remembered as someone totally controlled by Karen. But I digress…

    I don’t entirely get the logic of “if it is so bad why do people get away with it, for example…” because the examples are people who did not get away with it!

    But you are right, it is amazing that this occurs at the professional level. On the other hand, college policies and new high school policies will hopefull reduce this in the next crop of scholars.

    One of the famous cases was a neuroscientist who wrote a piece for scientific american that turned out to be full of text from other sources. He claims, and this is supported by his long time secretary/assistant, that he write the SA piece by writing up his lecture notes, which were in turn originally transcriptions of various written sources that he would refer to (but not read) when he gave lectures, and that these notes over the years were typed up by his secretary as they aged and got ratty. Somewhere along the line the original attributions were lost and he forgot that they were direct quotes.

    He still lost his position as director of the top neuroscience institution in the world.

    And I was thinking exactly of this fact when I wrote this post: Assume that scientist really didn’t intentionally steal other people’s work; The fact is that other people’s work was published under his name. It does not matter if you run over the puppy on purpose or back over it in the driveway by accident; The puppy is still run over. By keeping track of sources religiously this can be voided. The puppy lives.

  6. #6 Greg Laden
    November 29, 2011

    OK, I’ve revised the essay to include other people’s ideas.

  7. #7 Eric Lund
    November 29, 2011

    If plagiarism is such a bad thing–and I am not disagreeing–how can so-called reputable academic journals get away with it.

    In the past it was often difficult to detect. I was a victim once where I caught the plagiarism because I happened to be a referee on the paper and recognized four paragraphs copied verbatim from one of my own papers; that journal rejected the manuscript, but the authors submitted it to a different journal whose referees did not notice the plagiarized text. I also found a case by pure luck: I thought to myself, “Hasn’t a version of this figure been published before?” and on doing a short literature search found the exact figure in a paper which had no authors in common with the manuscript I was reviewing (which did not declare the figure’s publication history). But often plagiarism went undetected.

    That situation is changing: Some publishers now use plagiarism detection software (similar to what universities use) to flag blocks of similar text. It is up to the editor’s discretion whether the similarities constitute plagiarism (the software will often flag common or technical phrases which might have been copied accidentally or which must be copied exactly; e.g., most journals in my field require authors to supply paper titles in the reference section).

    I have also seen cases of inappropriate referencing: some authors cite secondary instead of primary sources, where said secondary sources clearly identify the readily available primary source (I have also seen citation chains go three or four levels deep to reach the primary source). Not exactly plagiarism, but it has the same effect of depriving credit to the original source.

  8. #8 Jessica G
    November 29, 2011

    Plagiarism has been around a long time, and the Internet has made it easier than ever to copy and paste. But even with the rise of technology, people are still getting away with it. Yes, technology has helped bring awareness that it is indeed a very big problem, and make it more difficult for people to get away with it. But the bottom line is that people don’t know what they are doing wrong, they are lazy or don’t have the time to do their own work, which makes it necessary for institutions and publishers to have to “police” submitted work. The real root of it is the need to educate students when they are learning to write papers so that they know what to do… and what not to do.

  9. #9 Jim Thomerson
    November 29, 2011

    Back in the 80′s when I worked for the US Army Corps of Engineers, construction of Lock and Dam 26R was the major District project. Things were, in fact, cut and paste. We would prepare a document, with boilerplate out of other documents, cut and pasted, and take it to the typing pool. We produced a fair number of documents on other projects which included comments on L&D 25R.

    I know of an instance where the PhD dissertation of a fairly prominent person in the profession was a word for word translation of a previous PhD dissertation in another language. It happened years ago, not in my field,and was not pursued.

  10. #10 Kapitano
    November 29, 2011

    I take the line that if you can’t recast the what you’ve read (researched) into your own words, you haven’t understood it properly.

    So for me, the problem with students plagiarising isn’t that they’re trying to lie to the teacher, it’s that they haven’t absorbed the information.

    Plagiarisation after graduation is more serious, of course.

  11. #11 Robert
    November 29, 2011

    “In other words, when you plagiarize something, it is always spotted immediately.”

    So true…

    I am suddenly reminded of the heavily dyslexic student I had who suddenly started turning in extremely well written essays. Typing the first sentence into google got me the original.

  12. #12 Daniel J. Andrews
    November 29, 2011

    “In other words, when you plagiarize something, it is always spotted immediately.”

    Except when it isn’t. You have no idea how often it goes undetected so it is a leap of faith to say it is always spotted immediately.

    What is spotted immediately is the sloppy plagerism. Fonts suddenly change, they forget to take out little asterisks or footnote symbols, sometimes first person becomes multiple persons (we, our team), writing style changes drastically, spelling and grammar go from sloppy to perfect. In that case I’m more annoyed that they think I wouldn’t notice…or are so apathetic about my class they don’t even bother trying to do a good job. Either way, they won’t last in class. (not that I teach any more…went back to the field).

  13. #13 Greg Laden
    November 29, 2011

    Daniel, no, that is not true at all. It is all easily spotted. There is no leap of faith here.

    I’ve conferred with colleagues and from their experience and my experience there is no difference between looking and seeing it vs. the results from systematic sampling with google or running it through turnitin.

    This is a science blog. We do not make leaps of faith here!

  14. #14 bluebooger
    November 30, 2011

    “This is a science blog. We do not make leaps of faith here!”

    bullshit

    telescopes listening for signs of life in the universe, Voyager’s golden records (yeah, that’s definitely not a leap of faith lol), SETI – all these are a mixture of science and faith

    and as for plagiarism ?
    teachers and academic institutions are full of crap: the very fact that you can plagiarize yourself is ridiculous

    if you write a paper for one class, you should be able to make a few modifications and turn in the same paper for another class, but no, that’s plagiarism – BS !

    and as for stupid comment that said “if you can’t put something you’ve read into your own words, then you haven’t researched it enough”, well that’s just dumb

    if an author explains something well and gets the meaning across with simple, clear examples and very few words, I’m expected to make the explanation more complicated because I can’t use his words ?
    that’s just stupid

    the ONLY reason teachers get upset about plagiarism is because getting published is how they get promoted

    They don’t want other people getting promoted from their hard work.

    That’s a fair and valid point.

    But nobody in the real world gives a shit about what stupid papers you’ve written. All they care about are actual results that make money or that you can do the job. Getting published accomplishes neither of these.

    Getting published doesn’t make you a better nurse or medical doctor or pharmacist. Yet they are all required to do research and they pretty much have to be published to be hired because somehow this idea of research = competence has infected the real world.

  15. #15 Greg Laden
    November 30, 2011

    and as for stupid comment that said “if you can’t put something you’ve read into your own words, then you haven’t researched it enough”, well that’s just dumb
    if an author explains something well and gets the meaning across with simple, clear examples and very few words, I’m expected to make the explanation more complicated because I can’t use his words ?

    But see? You just did that, so what’s the problem?

    Anyway,yes, there are no doubt times that you should use the perfect formed paragraph of an author to get that author’s point across.

    It is called an attributed quote. If you use the author’s words and don’t indicate it is a quote and attribute it, you are a thief.

    the ONLY reason teachers get upset about plagiarism is because getting published is how they get promoted
    They don’t want other people getting promoted from their hard work.
    That’s a fair and valid point.

    We are mostly talking about high school teacher here, so, no.

  16. #16 EmuSam
    November 30, 2011

    A teacher of my acquaintance works in a department with a large number of Asian students. He hasn’t mentioned any population in particular, but he sometimes mentions the troubles he has keeping some from plagiarizing because in their culture, it is a compliment to the original source to be quoted even without citation.

    It’s extra upsetting because he knows he has an obligation to report them, but if he does so they will be expelled and sent back to their home countries. I think usually freshman or students who have just arrived in America get more leniency from him – he’ll talk with them and explain the problem – and probably an F or double-F on the assignment. The longer they’ve been at his institution, or if he’s caught them before, he will report them.

  17. #17 Jana
    November 30, 2011

    “Telescopes listening for signs of life in the universe, Voyager’s golden records (yeah, that’s definitely not a leap of faith lol), SETI – all these are a mixture of science and faith”

    I’m with you on that one – my daily research is a leap of faith. I’m hoping that my line of research is actually going somewhere. But the science is science, and should be no matter what I hope.

    “teachers and academic institutions are full of crap: the very fact that you can plagiarize yourself is ridiculous. If you write a paper for one class, you should be able to make a few modifications and turn in the same paper for another class, but no, that’s plagiarism – BS !”

    On this topic, it’s something I’m learning myself. In science publications, the article that has been published by Nature or Science or any other journal belongs to the journal, not to the authors, legally. By submitting the article for review and publication, you are allowing the journal to protect your rights (by giving those rights to them). So if you want to talk about something you’ve already done, you have to cite yourself, or risk the anger of the journal.

    In class, I assume it’s the same way: by turning in an assignment in my chemistry course, that paper will be “reviewed” by the professor and will become the property of that class. I can’t then turn around and submit that same or similar paper to an other class without first getting permission of both teachers – aka, citing my previous paper.

    “the ONLY reason teachers get upset about plagiarism is because getting published is how they get promoted
    They don’t want other people getting promoted from their hard work.

    That’s a fair and valid point.

    But nobody in the real world gives a shit about what stupid papers you’ve written. All they care about are actual results that make money or that you can do the job. Getting published accomplishes neither of these.

    Getting published doesn’t make you a better nurse or medical doctor or pharmacist. Yet they are all required to do research and they pretty much have to be published to be hired because somehow this idea of research = competence has infected the real world.”

    And this is the argument of yours I most disagree with (aside from the idea that “that’s just dumb”, and “that’s just stupid” are valid arguments). If you publish a paper in a journal, everybody else who publishes on similar topics cares what you’re doing. And so does the government or who ever else you convince to fund your research. The point of publishing is to communicate your research. Communicating your results is how people find out what you’ve been doing in your lab. And if nobody finds out what you’re doing, you can’t get funded for further research. No funding, no job. AKA, publish or perish.

    We also publish because that’s how our peers can review our work – how well-reasoned it is, how clearly we can explain ourselves, and whether there are any flaws in our experiments or theoretical designs. In theory, peer review is how ‘bad science’ gets weeded out, so if you get published, that is a gold medal for doing good research (especially if you get published in a top journal).

  18. #18 Karen
    November 30, 2011

    I am a co-author on a paper that’s in press; however, my contribution was a few paragraphs of text and many of the figures. I wrote an MS thesis on a related subject; I went back, re-read the primary author’s introduction to the paper, and was hopelessly dismayed. His introduction could mostly do duty as mine, and he’s a far more eloquent writer than I am — how was I to write my own introduction, without plagiarizing, and come up with something nearly as good??? But after thinking about it for awhile, trying to set the stage for my own arguments, I did end up with something quite different.

    By golly, if I can do it without plagiarizing, anybody can. No excuses.

  19. #19 Greg Laden
    November 30, 2011

    Plagiarizing co-authors within the same paper is an entirely different matter.

  20. #20 Jonas
    April 12, 2012

    I just wanted to say i know a lot of people who have been copying for years without anyone noticing… but it comes at no suprise to me… its as easy and safe as downloading copyrighted movies from piratebay…. at least thats my experience… sry for bad english

  21. #21 Gary Sockwell
    September 19, 2012

    There’s also an ease-of-use factor… just click a button and there’s the song/movie/game/ebook you want within a few minutes, although NetFlix/Steam/iTunes has done well to fill that need.

  22. #22 William
    New York
    May 9, 2013

    This is pretty bad advice on how to plagiarize. I’ll just pay a website to write my essay for $10.

  23. #23 Carol Kangas
    United States
    September 22, 2013

    I teach intermediate composition (preparation for Comp. 101) for ESL students at a community college, and plagiarism is a concept many of my students find confusing. Having come out of many different educational systems, they may have been used to writing down exactly what a teacher says in a lecture and then repeating those words on an exam. Also, they may have been used to copying examples of good writing in order to learn how to write well. Each semester, I spend one class period explaining what plagiarism is and showing my students examples from student writing. I also stress that the writing assignments I give do not require consulting outside sources; my job is to help students learn how to write a paragraph in standard academic English. Indeed, if my students feel compelled to search for information to help them write, they have chosen the wrong topic.

  24. #24 Stephanie Garber
    October 30, 2013

    Great post! I’m sad I only found this just now. I think I will use your PDF to hand out to my students at the beginning of next semester. Thank you.

  25. #25 Cheater
    Stanford
    February 4, 2014

    What are you talking about. I am in Stanford University just because I have plagiarized in my entire life and still do because I know to get a job, only networking matters not this academic shit.

    Cheater

    shdydh56@gmail.com
    108.205.50.54

  26. #26 sugarfrosted
    United States
    March 5, 2014

    My calculus professor told me a story of a very blatant instance of plagiarism, person copy and pasted from Wikipedia and didn’t even bother to remove the links.

    @25 and then get fired for incompetence. Have fun!

  27. #27 Timbo
    April 8, 2014

    I’d like to point out a few reasons why this is a load of bullshit.

    You can get caught up in a “plagiarism” charge for forgetting to cite one single thing. You can have a goddamn near perfect paper, but if you forget that one thing, you’re simply screwed. Your whole paper is down the drain. You instantly fail the essay. Furthermore, you quite possibly fail the ENTIRE class – simply because you forgot to cite a single source while every other thing in the paper is properly cited.

    TO EXTEND THIS EVEN FURTHER, you now quite likely have your name smeared. You have lost credibility in your community as a student. Other teachers will not trust you and grade harder. (Which brings me to another point: many students DO get away with plagiarism because many students DO plagiarize material – it’s just that teachers do not go through and carefully check citations for every student. So who’s to say that when a teacher decidedly dislikes a particular student that said teacher couldn’t go through this student’s essays with a much finer comb? Everyone’s plagiarizing, but this one student is caught just because the teacher dislikes them.)

    Don’t get me wrong. You should be citing things, you should be giving credit where it’s due – BUT IT SHOULDN’T BE THAT BIG OF A DEAL. The academic communities goal SHOULD NOT be to make an individual name for each person – no, it should be to SPREAD KNOWLEDGE and make the world a better place because of it!

    @26, riiiight, if #25 has a job, it’s probably nothing to do with actual research requiring citations, dumbass.

  28. #28 Jaws
    West of the 7th planet
    May 7, 2014

    When thousands of students or tens of thousands have written articles on the same subject every year for 15 years or more, how can there not be “plagiarism”?

  29. #29 Farzana
    London
    July 5, 2014

    Aaaaaaaah……I use words “language acquasition ………the……” and its picked up as plagiarised!!!!!! When is going to bring down this turnitin site , I cant use “the ” too many people use it

  30. #30 sam
    uk
    August 30, 2014

    so what would happen if two university students, handed in exactly the same dissertations – one the legit way, of sending it through electronic plagiarism checking software and then handing in the hard copy, and the second only handing in the hard copy with the student name changed without using the software?

    would the second paper be tested through the software even though no electronic copy had been handed in? or would it just be marked in the usual way with two teachers marking the work individually and then agree on a mark ?
    would the teachers be suspicious by reading it? (maybe one of the teachers might remember, but what happens when it could be marked by other random staff members?) even when they have to read over 500 dissertations?

  31. #31 Greg Laden
    August 30, 2014

    Nobody has to read 500 dissertations in a term. In any event, most of the time we can tell the work is plagiarized by looking at it. Then, it is very easy to check. Sometimes we work in pairs. One person looks over the text and now and then marks part of it, and the other person types that into the software and we find out if it is taken from another source. The original papers don’t have to be electronic to do that.

    We always know.

  32. #32 sam
    August 30, 2014

    i’m mainly talking about plagiarism between students not quotes/paragraphs taken off the internet without crediting.

    for instance……say if one student handed his dissertation in, and then the another student handed in the same dissertation a couple months later due to being granted an extension. Do you think the teachers would notice without the software even though the original dissertation has already been marked a while ago?

  33. #33 Greg Laden
    August 30, 2014

    Yes.