Today is the International Day for World Biodiversity, a favorite holiday of the Bush White House.
1906 - Wright brothers are granted patent number 821,393 for their "Flying-Machine".
1969 - Apollo 10's lunar module flies within 8.4 nautical miles (16 km) of the moon's surface.
1911 - Anatol Rapoport, Russian-born mathematical psychologist, and pianist
1912 - Herbert C. Brown, English-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
1920 - Thomas Gold, Austrian astrophysicist
1927 - George Andrew Olah, Hungarian-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
1666 - Gaspar Schott, German scientist
1868 - Julius PlÃ¼cker, German mathematician and physicist
1983 - Albert Claude, Belgian biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
1997 - Alfred Hershey, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
1998 - JosÃ© Enrique Moyal, mathematical physicist