As we learnedÂ this week,Â Cal/OSHA and theÂ OSH Appeals Board are in a state of disarray.Â Â A daring group of state employees have raised their voices in protest (see "CalOSHA inspectors demand change")Â reminding us that dysfunctionÂ inÂ their agency canÂ translateÂ intoÂ moreÂ injuries and illnesses for California's workers.Â The collective action of these inspectors and staff isÂ vital.Â So too is theÂ sole voice of individuals who share their experience and insight.Â
MeetÂ Jack Oudiz, who joinedÂ Cal/OSHA in 1985.Â Â Mr. Oudiz is retiring from Cal/OSHA andÂ shares the following:
My statement is compelled by a sense of sadness and disappointment at leaving an organization that is in many ways much less effective than I found it nearly 25 years ago.Â The Division I leave today has veered so far away from its mission that it has begun to redefine that mission to justify its actions.Â
Who is JackÂ Oudiz?Â Â In the 1970's Mr. OudizÂ worked as a machinist in the San Francisco Bay area, and was aÂ member of the Steelworkers and then the International Molders and Allied Workers.Â Â HeÂ discovered the field of industrial hygiene and in 1980 went to the University of Cincinnati to get an Masters degree in the field.Â In Cincy, heÂ worked for the Molders Union,Â and with the support ofÂ OSHA's (Asst. Secretary Eula Bingham)Â New DirectionsÂ grant program, they were able toÂ establishÂ a H&S Dept.Â Jack eventually became director of it andÂ engagedÂ theirÂ locals around the country in OH&S.Â In 1985, he went to work for Cal/OSHA inÂ its Sacramento District Office as a compliance industrial hygienist.Â
More on his career of public service later; he offers us hisÂ unique perspective asÂ aÂ long-term Cal/OSHA inspector, in the form of anÂ open-letter exit-interview.Â Â In it he writes:
"TheÂ history of the enactment of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 shows that the governmental role in regulating safety and health conditions in workplaces was the direct result of many years of political struggle by workers and their unions.Â While the Act was far from perfect in its scope and construct, it did establish the fundamental principle, in law, that all workers have the right to a workplace that does not endanger their safety and health, the âGeneral Duty Clauseâ as the Federal agency calls it."Â
"This principle was codified in the California Labor Code as a statement of responsibility of all employers.Â A national regulatory bureaucracy was created by this Act to assure that this principle was in place and enforced in all workplaces.Â Â The Division [Cal/OSHA] is the branch of that bureaucracy in California.Â It derives its mission and reason for being from that principle.Â That is, to assure, to the best of its ability, that workers in California are afforded the protection required to keep them safe and healthy at work.
That one clear message has never been articulated by anyone in a leadership role while I have worked in the Division."Â
"Consequently, each person who comes to work in the DivisionÂ is left to define for his or herself what is their role and what is their purpose within this bureaucracy.Â Since 'production'Â measures have always been given the most outspoken emphasis by Division leadership, some come to see the mission as defined by the number of inspections and citations amassed.Â Others come to the Division with prejudices and biases regarding workers, unions, employers and, absent any clear guidance and emphasis from above, continue to express those leanings in their daily work. The result, as I have consistently observed it, is a workforce with a wide divergence of commitment to the agencyâs mission led by many managers whose success is evaluated and measured by statistics rather than by their level of dedication and ability to create common cause in pursuit of the mission."
"...California continues to trail both Federal OSHA as well all other state staffing levels with respect to the proportion of enforcement inspectors to the state workforce.Â This staffing shortage was the focus of recent legislative oversight scrutiny.Â When given the chance to affirm the need for more staff, the current DOSH Chief buckled to political pressure and declared that 'efficiencies' in operation would counter the need for additional personnel.Â This statement was so ludicrous and the needs are so glaring that even he has now finally had to publically pronounce that the Division is in sore need of more resources and staffing.Â In the meantime, the present Chief just created and filled a high level staff service manager position with an 'efficiency' expert while a Deputy Chief for Occupational Health position remains unfilled for the 10th consecutive year.
"The consequences of chronic staffing deficiencies in enforcement district offices are numerous and have a huge impact on the work and morale of Division staff.Â When workloads are too great for offices and inspectors, inspections and accident investigations are rushed, witnesses are not interviewed, evidence is not collected, citations are not issued or are given away to avoid time consuming appeals, inspections are conducted by letter rather than in person, some accidents even fall through the cracks and never get investigated.Â Mentoring of inexperienced inspectors seldom occurs and they are often left to fend for themselves in complicated inspections or investigations."
"...The historical decline in the strength and influence of the labor movement in California (as well as nationally) in the past 25 years has had a devastating impact on the effectiveness of the Division and its commitment to its mission.Â It is hard to conceive that at one time the Chairman of the Cal/OSHA Appeals Board was a former union rank and file member and shop steward.Â The imbalance of power between labor and employers has been reflected in the regulatory process, in the appointments to critical positions on the CalOSHA Appeals and Standards Boards, in the hiring of and decisions rendered by the Appeals Board and its judges and in every other facet of DOSH policies and procedures."
"The universal use by the Division of advisory committees and the development of regulation by consent, on its face, may have the appeal of fairness and balance, but in reality it has slanted rulemaking power overwhelmingly to employers.Â It is not unusual for a regulatory advisory body to have a 10 to 1 ratio of representation in favor of employers.Â Even when labor representation is present, it is customarily severely outgunned in expertise, experience and assertiveness.Â The outcome, in the case of landmark regulations such as the ergonomics standard and the heat illness prevention standard, clearly reflects this imbalance of power.Â These two regulations have given DOSH an undeserved reputation as a leader in progressive health and safety rulemaking. The truth is that these regulations were grudgingly enacted only after vociferous labor action (and heat related worker deaths that drew public outcry) and were weaker versions of what was needed."
"DOSHâs role is intended as an advocate for worker health and safety.Â The OSHAct did not intend nor require consensus or agreement between the regulated community and those that the agency is intended to protect.Â The OSHAct did not intend nor require the balancing of worker safety and health with industry profits.Â Rather, the law requires the agency to protect a worker, to the extent feasible, from 'material impairment of health or functional capacity even if such employee has regular exposure to a hazard regulated by such standard for the period of his working life.' Â [emphasis added]
"When the Division assumes the role of an impartial party in the development of regulation, it abdicates its responsibilities as an advocate for worker health and safety.Â Because of emphatic employer opposition to the ergonomics standard, the compromise regulation that was passed ignored much of the scientific evidence and has remained essentially unenforceable.Â The âNoahâs Arkâ approach that requires a minimum of two of each type of injury to trigger the requirements of the regulation has meant that many exposed or injured workers lack any protection simply because there may not be any injured co-workers.Â Consequently, the negligible incidence of cited DOSH ergonomics cases does not begin to reflect the scope of the actual hazard in workplaces."
"...In recent years, perhaps nothing has had a more deleterious impact on the daily activities and morale of the Divisionâs enforcement staff than the practices of the Cal/OSHA Appeals Board.Â The attitudes and decisions of many of the Boardâs administrative law judges have been widely perceived by enforcement inspectors and many of their managers as anti-Division and strongly biased in favor of employers."
"The Board itself has reinforced this perception by capriciously dismissing important citations based on frivolous technicalities such as partially inaccurate company names or downgrading citation classifications without reasonable cause.Â These decisions and actions have a widespread chilling effect on Divisionâs staff.Â Both managers and inspectors are more reluctant to classify serious citations in the expectation of a negative outcome on appeal. 'Why bother?' is how many feel."
"In other cases, staff has begun to reinterpret DOSH regulations based on what they have seen in ALJ decisions.Â This negative impact has been compounded by practices of the Appeals Board such as overbooking of hearings, arbitrary denial of continuances and expecting worker witnesses to travel great distances for hearings.Â Â ...The Division leadership has done little to protest or challenge these actions by the Board."
"...Until there is the political will in California to take seriously the principle established in law by the OSHAct, I donât expect that the Division will become any more effective in carrying out its mission.Â We will continue to have leadership beholden to the Chamber of Commerce rather than the working men and women of California and unwilling to address the structural deficiencies of the Division.Â Those deficiencies have the net result of less effective enforcement of ever weaker regulations and a dispirited workforce in search of inspiration and leadership."
"Without pressure from below, there is little incentive for change. The OSHAct was in many ways a revolutionary act.Â For the first time, the dictatorial power of the employer over the workplace was challenged.Â Government inspectors were given the unprecedented power to not only inspect all workplaces but to shut workplaces or work activities down."
"It is not surprising that employers and their elected representatives fought the Act tooth and nail.Â It is also not surprising that these same forces have continued to fight at every opportunity to diminish the Act and the effective enforcement of its intent.Â What has not been achieved through legislation has been essentially accomplished through sabotage, undermining, and resource starvation.Â If there has to be an OSHA bureaucracy, then every measure has been taken to see that it cannot effectively function.Â The more demoralized the workforce, the more complacent the leadership, the less accountability in the organization, the less competent the managers and inspectors, the better for those opposed to the achievement of the Actâs goals."
"Only a grassroots effort by workers, unions and those who support social justice and human rights can exert the political pressure necessary to correct the institutional problems that have overwhelmed the agency given the duty and responsibility to protect worker safety and health rights."
Read the completeÂ open-letter exit-interviewÂ written by Jack Oudiz.Â Â
Jack Oudiz is retiring as a senior safety engineer with Cal/OSHA.Â His Cal/OSHA service includesÂ district manage of theÂ Modesto office, regional senior IH,Â designer and manager of the agency'sÂ Professional Development and Training Unit.Â Â He led a contingent of Cal/OSHA staff-volunteers to assist at the World Trade Center disaster recovery site in October 2001.Â Following that, heÂ successully (but not with a struggle)Â integrated Cal/OSHA into California's Emergency Response system, leading to the agency'sÂ fullÂ integrationÂ into the local and State Incident Command System.Â Â
It's not just inspectors at Cal-OSHA that are feeling like the system is completely corrupt and broken with industry being given far too much influence over the lives and safety of the American public. There are many in the know from many different areas. While I am wishful that health care reform will be successful, at this point, I am not hopeful. Can someone please tell me WHY the US Chamber of Commerce, the most powerful industry lobbying group in the world, that has been tagged as being behind many of the wrongs that are now plaguing our healthcare system, workers rights, human rights and our society as a whole...and yet they are sitting in a key seat at the table of healthcare reform????? WHEN are our nation's leaders going to quit pretending they do not understand the root cause of our nation's problems, ie GREED, and actually DO something to correct the underlying problem? It's not just CalOSHA employees that know what is really going on. The following is a link to a speech given in Europe this month. It is of the rampant corruption and incompetence at the CDC and their ability to allow industry to control their efforts. http://www.oslersweb.com/blog.htm?post=604271
"So donât ask for pity. Ask for justice. Donât ask for sympathy. Demand your human rights. Itâs time to acknowledge that we have a right to be angry.
Againâremember this has not been about science for a very long timeâitâs a political event requiring a political solution. At every opportunity, go for the political jugular.
One other piece of strategic advice: It makes no sense to take your grievances to the CDC, expecting relief. Does the hen plead with the fox to stop eating her beautiful brown eggs? Itâs the nature of the fox to eat those eggs. The hen needs to take her grievances to the farmer. Itâs the nature of the CDC to ignore and belittle patients with this disease. Donât appeal to the CDC expecting help. As a friend of mine says, âDonât break their heartsâbreak their balls.â Take your grievances to politicians who can intervene on your behalf.
Hate speech is intended to degrade a person or group of people based on race, gender and also including disability or any other distinction that might be considered a liability. Hate speech incites acts of discrimination against the victims of such speech. Think of all that is denied M.E. patients as a result of being characterized as malingerers, attention-seekers, neurotic and emotionally weak, or as David Bell says, âNutballs and fruitcakesâ?
How did the Soviet Union discredit its dissidents? It called them mentally ill. Labeling M.E. a psychiatric disorder is a political act, a form of social violence. Once people are so labeled, their authority is stolen; their credibility destroyed, their civil rights jeopardized. Books comparing their disease to fantasies of alien abduction are taken seriously but their objections are not.
CDC science is not legitimate science. It is the science of defamation, of marginalization, of disenfranchisement. Itâs Nazi science, its eugenics, and itâs a disgrace. Someday, books will be written about what went wrong and why this was allowed to happen
As my last point tonight, I would like to address what I call the post-Oslerâs Web CDCâthe government agency-slash-corporate entity that decides what is science and what is not and backs its decisions up with marketing and public relations campaigns. This is not the worn-at-the cuffs agency I encountered in the 1980s.
I think whatâs most telling to me about todayâs CDC is that as legitimate science moves forward, leaving the agency looking ever more out of touch to those who are well informed, the agencyâs effort to control the fate of this disease grows ever more ambitious. The closer they get to being humiliated by their own corrupt history, by the lies they have told, the more aggressively they ramp up." Without addressing the rampant corruption caused by the Chamber and its affiliates, such as the Institute for Legal Reform... and their medical proponents that are unduly influencing all aspects of our government agencies and our legislators, there is not even a glimer of hope for any real reform of the health - physically, financially or morally - in the United States of America. Below is a video regarding numerous groups that represent thousands of people requesting that Congressman Henry Waxman hold a congressional hearing into what can only be deemed racketeering involving the US Chamber. This request is now almost two years old. NOTHING DONE. WHY?????? http://blip.tv/file/1179464
Way to go Jack, your comments are spot on.
Jack's critique of DOSH is priceless and extends beyond the California experience. Although not included in this post, he did reflect on the leadership at DOSH over the years, including his service under Dr. Howard. Given Dr. Howard's consideration aspossible Asst. Sec. for OSHA, it's prudent to consider his perspective, which would be supported by many NIOSH employees.
"Twenty-two of the past 25 years, DOSH Chiefs have been appointed by and served under business-friendly Republican administrations. The impact of that history on the Divisionâs interpretation of its mission has been incalculable.
John Howard served as Chief of the Division for approximately 10 years. He was a man of enormous personal charm and intellectual power. He received accolades from both labor and employers during his tenure. I was inspired by and honored to work with him. Dr. Howard was also appointed by and served primarily under Republican governors. Dr. Howard fundamentally did not believe in the enforcement paradigm
created by the OSHAct. His major accomplishment during his tenure was
the revision of the DOSH Policies and Procedures Manual to its present
600+ pages incarnation. This was done as an effort to bring greater consistency in the manner and methods used by each enforcement office
within the state. It was a huge undertaking that absorbed a tremendous
amount of the Divisionâs energy and resources, including monthly, week-long training sessions over 14 months. It was carried out, in large part, in response to complaints from Californiaâs employers who felt that inconsistencies in enforcement actions were a detriment to their business practices."
The take-home message? People who may be the best candidate under the worst possible cirumstances (i.e., hard-right Republican administration), may not be the best candidate when the political winds shift significantly.
(Note: These views are mine and not necessarily those of my employer. ;)
Unfortunately, I must agree with 90% of Jack's letter. He and I have been around long enough to see the changes over the years. However, I must disagree with Jack's usual harangue that the Republican's are to blame for everything.
He convienently forgets that any appointee must be approved by the state senate, which is hard left and only 3 votes shy of a 2/3 majority. They approved all of these appointees. The last Democratic governor made no effort to remove these people or make any changes.
The Califonia Democrats have built California into a socialist house of cards and we are having an earthquake.