What's behind these secret marks on postage stamps?

Recently, I noticed something strange about the postage stamps on my mail. They have a glossy coat that can only be seen at certain angles. Written in this glossy ink are the words ROYAL MAIL over and over again, like a watermark. But there's something wrong. Can you spot it?

stamp1

Look at the second line from the top - there seems to be a typo! On the left, it says M12L instead of MAIL. On the right, it says MTIL instead of MAIL. Here's the same image, in high contrast.

stamp_hicon

 

I hunted around for another second class stamp to see if the pattern repeated itself. Instead, I found this.

stamp2

 

Although the same M12L appears on the top left, the MTIL on the top right is not there! What can it mean? I assumed this was some kind of mark showing which plate the stamps were produced on, but then, why have a mark on one and not on another?

With a bit of rooting around, it looks like these are 'irridescent underprint' security markings, to help reduce counterfeiting and resale of used stamps. The 12 in M12L stands for 2012, the year the stamp was produced. The substitution of T for A in MAIL denotes the origin of the stamp, the Delta Stamps website says:

As a means of identifying the source of a stamp, a hidden code letter has been applied to printings that do NOT come from counter sheets. These hidden source code identification letters occur in just one position per stamp and are :-

Source Code Letters used Booklets, Business Sheets, etc :-

  • 'B' - Business Sheets - both standard size and Large NVI.
  • 'C' - Customised Booklets including Design Classics 1, Design Classics 2, Flowers, etc.
  • 'F' - Standard Retail Booklets of Four NVI Large.
  • 'M' - Minisheets
  • 'P' - Stitched Prestige Booklet panes.
  • 'R' - Coils. From Self Adhesive Large User Rolls of 10,000 NVI.
  • 'R' - Coils. From normal gummed Vending Machine Rolls of 500 and 1,000 NVI.
  • 'S' - Standard Retail Booklets of Six NVI.
  • 'T' - Standard Retail Booklets of Twelve NVI.

So the security code on my first stamp tells me that it was printed in 2012 and came as part of a book of twelve. Mystery solved!

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