HÃ¶gby near MjÃ¶lby in ÃstergÃ¶tland is a magical place because of a serious lack of historical sensitivity. In 1876 (which is really late as these things go in Sweden) the locals demolished their little 12th century church and built a new bigger one a mile to the south. This meant that the parish centre of a millennium or so became a backwater and has not been built over later. It's completely rural, abutting a farm's back yard, very quiet. All that remains of the church is the churchyard wall and one of ÃstergÃ¶tland's finest rune stones that was taken out of the sacristy wall. Some fine portal stonework and a 13th century door is in the Museum of National Antiquities in Stockholm. Two more carved stones were found and re-erected nearby.
On the big rune stone, dating from about AD 1010-1050, TorgÃ¤rd's poetic commemoration of her maternal uncles can be read.
TorgÃ¤rd erected this stone after Assur, her mother's brother. He met his end in the East in Greece.
The good farmer Gulle
had five sons:
Fell at FÃ¶ret [Uppsala?]
did the brave fighter Ãsmund.
Assur met his end
to the East in Greece.
on the island killed. [Bornholm?]
KÃ¥re died at the Cape. [Zealand?]
Dead is also Boe.
Torkel carved the runes.
In all likelihood, the inscription is intended to legitimise TorgÃ¤rd's claim to Gulle's inheritance. Since all her maternal uncles are dead, TorgÃ¤rd argues, their unnamed sister becomes the heir, and TorgÃ¤rd inherits her mother.
By the time her descendants decided to add a sacristy to the church, TorgÃ¤rd's claim was no longer controversial, but she was probably remembered as a matron of the lineage, possibly its first Christian member. And so her rune stone was made part of the structure.
I have no academic point, I just wanted to say: that's really cool. And her uncle was a Varangian! (Maybe.)
There are a few nice photos of the romanesque church in HÃ¶gby taken just before it being demolished - such a great loss...