1540 - Birth of Ludolph van Ceulen, German mathematician
1608 - Birth of Giovanni Alfonso Borelli, Italian physiologist and physicist
1611 - Birth of Johannes Hevelius, Polish astronomer
1622 - Birth of Adrien Auzout, French astronomer
1687 - Death of Johannes Hevelius, Polish astronomer
1701 - Birth of Charles Marie de La Condamine, French mathematician and geographer
1755 - Birth of Samuel Thomas von Sömmering, German physician
1864 - Death of Émile Clapeyron, French engineer and physicist
1884 - Birth of Auguste Piccard, Swiss physicist
1915 - Death of Nikolay Umov, Russian physicist
1950 - Death of Nikolai Luzin, Russian mathematician
1986 - Space Shuttle Challenger breaks apart 73 seconds after liftoff killing all seven astronauts onboard
1988 - Death of Klaus Fuchs, German physicist
I shall probably regret this but Hevelius was not Polish but German.
Clearly looking at the Wikipedia/Talk page for the entry on Hevelius there is a little bit of a controversy about this.
Unfortunately like the supposed controversy about the nationality of Copernicus this has to do with nationalism and not historical facts. I am neither a German nor a Pole but I am a serious historian of science one of whom's special areas of study is the "new astronomy" Heveilus was German speaking of German decent living in a, at that time, German city and so is indisputably German. Copernicus by the way was neither German nor Polish but an ErmlÃ¤nder! However having said all that the nationalist will still insist on their controversy, which is why I said that I would regret this!
> a serious historian of science
As opposed to a comedic historian of science? :)
In any case, I'm not taking a stance on this - I just took the wording from Wikipedia.