Cool Visual Illusions: Freaky Filled In Afterimages

I love afterimages and aftereffects, so I was excited to see that the 2008 winner for Best Illusion of the Year is a new afterimage illusion. To see the illusion for your self, watch this sequence of images for about 30 seconds (it takes at least 30 seconds for it to really work for me):


The illusion isn't really strong, so you may need to know what you're looking for in order to see it. What you should see is, after 20 or 30 seconds, the blank shapes start to be filled with a "ghostly" color. That's the afterimage, and though the actual colors only fill part of the the shapes, the afterimage tends to fill the whole thing. But that's not the neat part. The neat part is that the color of the afterimage (either red or green) depends on the shape of the blank figure! If it's a star (that is, if one of the four points is pointing straight up), the afterimage will be reddish, because red is the opponent color of the green in the colored figure of the same shape. If the same figure is shifted sideways 45 degrees, the afterimage is green, because the original figure of that shape was colored red. What's more, if you view one, and then the other, as in the series above, your after image immediately changes from one color to the other (e.g., red then green in the figures on the right side).

What the hell, right? My first thought was that there was some higher-level shape-color interaction going on here, but Rob van Lier and Mark Vergeer, the discoverers of the illusion, argue differently. Instead, they suggest that the illusion is "caused by a spreading of the afterimage of the coloured elements between the physical contours of the outline shape." To demonstrate this, they conducted an experiment in which they placed a circle in the middle of the blank shape, thus disrupting the original contours of the shape, and showed that the afterimage does not extend into the circle. This, they argue, is merely a low-level visual phenomenon. Of course, they've just started to explore this illusion, and the switching part still seems to be under-explained. Perhaps future research will sort it all out.

More like this

The cafe wall illusion has the dramatic effect of making a straight line appear slanted: That's right, the line is precisely horizontal. It was created by Akiyoshi Kitaoka, one of the world's foremost authorities on visual illusion, who is also a wonderful artist. In addition to the hundreds of…
Most of you have probably seen this before, but if you haven't, look at the flag for 30 seconds (if it doesn't work with 30, try 60), and then look at the white space underneath it. You should see a red, white, and blue flag when you look at the white space. That is a color afterimage. Again,…
Take a look at the following two circles. At the center, they're both the identical bright white. But which one seems brighter? Let's make this a poll: I'm not sure if this illusion will work when respondents know the objects are the same brightness, but naive viewers will reliably rate the…
Whenever I create a demo for this site, there's always a balance: Do I make the demo dramatic, so it's most surprising when it works? Or do I make it less dramatic, so it works for more people? (There are other things to balance as well, such as my time and technical proficiency) The Troxler effect…

It worked for me after the first full cycle.

By Blind Squirrel FCD (not verified) on 09 Jun 2008 #permalink

IOW: eye is not simply a video camera, backed by a pixel array. Quite a bit of image processing goes on, and here we see that the gear that does that processing is subject to fatigue like that that causes afterimages.

Wouldn't mind knowing how the signal is encoded in the optic nerve. It's bound to be tres funky.

By Paul Murray (not verified) on 10 Jun 2008 #permalink

i dint get it

I love tracy

Hey, I know why when the cross turns it automatically swaps colour from green to red... it is because our brains think that they are swapping places and therefore our brain also keeps the illusion of the colour the same. This is amazing and demonstartes just how complex our brains are. Notice at first you will believe they are simply turning around but they are not: our brain interprets it as if the two are swapping places and therefore the colour also swaps with it. Amazing huh?