There's a really good article from Martin Rees in the latest issue of Seed, on the scientific challenges that won't be affected by the LHC:
The LHC hasn't yet provided its first results, the much-anticipated answers to questions we've been asking for so long. But they should surely come in 2009, bringing us closer to understanding the bedrock nature of particles, space, and timeâ--âtoward a unified theory of the basic forces. This would push forward a program that started with Newton (who showed that the force that made the apple fall was same one holding the planets in orbit), and continued through Faraday, Maxwell, Einstein, Weinberg/Salam, and others in a distinguished roll call.
Most exciting of all would be clues to the ultimate unification between the force of gravity, which governs cosmic scales, and the forces of the microworld. Indeed, the quest for a unified theory engages huge numbers of the most talented young theorists (too many, in my opinionâ--âmost would derive more satisfaction, and contribute more to science, if they focused on other scientific frontiers that are less intensively studied). But while unified theories are sometimes called "theories of everything," this phrase is misleading and hubristic. Such theories offer absolutely zero help to 99 percent of scientists. Chemists and biologists don't fret about their ignorance of subnuclear physics, still less about the mysterious "deep structure" of space and time.
String theory, or some alternative to it, might indeed unify two great scientific frontiers, the very big and the very smallâ--âand that would be an immense intellectual triumph. But a third frontier, the very complex, is perhaps the most challenging of all.
It's a refreshing change from the usual run of LHC hype, which loudly proclaims the problems of high energy physics as the most "fundamental" and important problems in science. As I've said before on the blog, though, high energy physics isn't really "fundamental" in the usual sense; or, as Rees puts it "Even if we could solve SchrÃ¶dinger's equation for all the atoms in [a turbulent fluid] flow, the solution would offer no insight into turbulence."
this is also a good opportunity to please the Corporate Masters by plugging the newly redesigned SEEDMAGAZINE.COM, which is so shiny and new that you'll want to SHOUT about it...
Theorists boast promiscuity while empiricists pay child support. Abject failure of string theory, SUSY, and the ever so shy Higgs hint that the deeply symmetric origin of contemporary physical theory is not the observed universe. Perturbation treatments exclude symmetry breakings. Water does not freeze (valid to -40 C as pore water, then falsified).
Gravitation (c=c, G=G, h=0) and quantum field theory (c=c, G=0, h=h) do not unite. It is not a failure of endeavor or creativity. It is a failure of postulate. Guaranteed results obtain within metric and teleparallel gravitation overlap. Grant fundable! Their disjoint non-overlap tells you something useful - they cannot both be correct.
Ignorance is not a form of knowing things. The answer is obtainable in 90 days in existing apparatus - a parity Eotvos experiment contrasting enantiomorphic space groups P3(1)21 and P3(2)21 single crystal quartz test masses (or cinnabar, berlinite and analogues, tellurium...). Somebody should look.