Satan playing air guitar on his pitchfork in your local public school?

What about a picture of Charles Darwin burning in hell to teach kids about flames?

I don't think so. Although I personally am not like some of my fellow secularists in reacting viscerally to any and all stylistic or symbolic references to Judeo-Christian religious themes, I am aware that there are recognizable religious visual or literary elements which, if used as part of a teaching tool, can be easily construed as promotion of a religion. "Promotion" is not standing on a soap box preaching, or telling students that a particular religion is bad while another is good, or giving extra credit points for prayer. Well, it is that. But promotion is also something as simple as a person in authority casually wearing a religious symbol or having such a symbol on a desk or wall in a classroom, or making references to a particular religious metaphor while teaching. These casual representations and references are relatively benign among adults, or in college, or probably even in senior high school, but in grade school they are regarded as promotion and public school teachers must not engage in this behavior.

Which brings us to the Science Marketing's Boner of the Year award. Which, tongue in cheek, I just made up to draw attention to an interesting development.

You are familiar with Marketing for Scientists, the blog and the effort, as well as Marc Kuchner, science marketing guru. Marc's thing is that marketing is important because without it you mostly get ignored. He's right, of course, and I generally support and appreciate his efforts. You'll remember the discussion a while back of Bill Nye's dressing down of creationism. Some people thought that Bill Nye being a meanie was a marketing disaster, and I disagreed. In retrospect, I'm sure I was right, because the controversy over Bill Nye pointing out that creationist parents are doing it wrong led to a widespread discussion of creationism in schools, and that discussion has to happen frequently. Also, Bill was right. Hard to go totally wrong if you're right.

Marc just sent me a link to the latest post on Marketing for Scientists, which is "The Top Six Science Marketing Hits of 2012." Number 5 is The Flame Challenge, of which Marc says:

This contest, held by the Center for Communicating Science at Stony Brook University with help from actor Alan Alda, dared scientists and educators to submit videos explaining what a flame is—a subtle concept. What set this contest apart from other science communication contests is that the judges were 11-year old students: some 6000 of them at 130 elementary schools. The results taught us something deep, I think, about how children view scientists.

Here is the video, which is discussed here:

(If you can't see that for some reason, go to the link.)

I happen to think this video does a great job of explaining the science of the flame. The visuals and the dialog bring the viewer to a question, then address the question in a way that explains it but raises another question, which is then addressed, until the whole thing is explained at a fairly high level. That is a very good technique. The voice over, visuals, music, and overall production are high-value, attractive, attention grabbing, well timed, and all that. In short it is a very nice piece of work.

Unfortunately, the video can't be used in a public school classroom in the US because it promotes Abrahamic religious themes. Promotes as in uses which is really all you need. The video opens with a man who looks a LOT like Charles Darwin chained to a wall in hell, surrounded by flames. The narrator then goes on to explain to the possibly holocaust-victim evolutionary biologist all he might ever want to know about flames. Satan (or some other high ranking devil) makes an appearance a bit later. He is used in the story to demonstrate incandescence by heating up his pitchfork in the hell-fire. Later, during the wrap-up, Satan plays air guitar with the pitchfork, which is cute.

I know, a lot of people are going to say that I'm being ridiculous, that these themes are just part of culture, that they don't mean anything, that kids are exposed to this sort of thing anyway, that the science teacher can use the video anyway and then have a lecture on the conflict of science and religion, etc. etc. etc. But all that is wrong, sorry. It is promoting a particular religion with state funds which is a violation of the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment, it is inappropriate and could probably get a teacher in trouble if the right people knew the teacher was showing it. Making a science video and not taking into account the fact that teachers who have not thought about what they are doing could get in trouble is not good marketing. Well, it isn't bad marketing either, it simply isn't about marketing. It is about end user safety. This is like making a child's toy and it is a) very fun, b) very desirable, everybody wants one, c) very well marketed and d) hurts some of the kids. And, no, we casual denizens of the internet don't get to write off the fact that the negative effects potentially caused by a certain choice could be mitigated against by having an additional set of lectures.

On top of all this, I know there are teachers out there who will see this video and think it a great idea to use in the classroom precisely because it has a Judeo-Christian religious theme, and some will even like it because it depicts Charles Darwin burning in hell. Indeed, this is a physical science video, and there are probably more physical science teachers who happen to be Christian Creationists than life science teachers who are creationists, and the latter number is known to be well above 25%. So, yeah, Ben Ames, the maker of this video, may have produced a product that supports a creationist agenda, in a small but not insignificant way, even though that was presumably not his intention.

There may be a flaw in the process that could easily be fixed. Ben Ames is a communications and journalism guy, not a middle school teacher, or even a middle school education expert (I think ... subject to correction). This project in communicating science, which I'm sure is a good one, will continue. I recommend that language be placed in the guiding documents for the project reminding producers that iconography or reference, even seemingly benign, to religious themes would likely disqualify a work from actual use in actual schools and would be best avoided. Also, having a science education expert familiar with the grade level and the legal and socio-cultural aspects of "marketing" science in the mix somewhere would be good. The idea would be to not let developers get beyond concept stage with unusable elements in place, in order to avoid wasting effort. As I say, this little film on flame is outstanding and really does the trick. It is simply unusable in the classrooms for which it intended, and unfortunately, will be used to potentially negative effect, and, here and there, exploited in a negative way. (This whole discussion must be adjusted, of course, for cases outside the US, where the First amendment does not apply, but where there may be similar issues.)

In this case, describing what a flame is, Hell seems like an obvious theme because there would be a lot of flames there. In some future year, perhaps the project will focus on floods ... what could go wrong then?


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This is a response to Critiquing the “Critique” and the “Critique of the Critique” of Bill Nye’s Video at In that post, FURYGuitar addresses both Critiquing the Critique of Bill Nye’s Video by me and Bill Nye’s “Don’t Teach Creationism…” Video Dissected by Business Communication…
Christian Creationists are accusing scientists of being defensive, ignorant, reprehensible, and troubling. They might be right. The NAS just published the latest version of its book on Evolution and Creationism (free, by the way: Your tax dollars at work) and we are now seeing the trickle of…

Heck, it might even scare or put off kids who have been indoctrinated to varying degrees with the threat of hell (at least the popular Christian afterlife punishment).

the video can’t be used in a public school classroom in the US because it promotes Abrahamic religious themes.

Hmmm. I guess the Pilgrims who settled this country NEVER used Abrahamic religious themes to teach thier kids in school eh?

Funny how times have changed. Christian familes move away from a country who restricts religious freedom and starts a country based on religious and basic human freedom that comes from God and NOT man and then alittle over two hunreds years pass, and it is almost a felony to teach those same ideals. Funny how times have changed. OH well, when Jesus returns with thousands of legions of war hungry indestructable angels, we will see who wins this war. Methinks the left better do some praying becuase it might just be them down there with the old turtle herder monkey man darwin.

By Kevin Sanders (not verified) on 27 Dec 2012 #permalink

oh and for the record, conservatives have renamed two people for various reasons:

1) Bill Nye the Science Guy is now Bill Nye the Science Lie.

2) pope Benedict who has recently announced his love of the empire promoting and endorsing a one world government, or a global human family. Sounds a little but like hell to me. For his endorsement o the New World Order and the merger of world govenrments into one institution to rule over all people, he will henceforth be called Pope Been A Dick becuase his proposals are evil, satanic, and not to mention treasonous. This Pope may well have decent good intentions, but a world government is nothing but a nightmare wiating to happen.

By Kevin Sanders (not verified) on 27 Dec 2012 #permalink


school was invented in the 19th century?

What was it when kids were taught a long time ago to read? Was that not school? They had school in the 1400s. Well, I guess for someone who believes Al Gore invented the internet, you would believe school was invented in the 19th century.

School is a centuries old thing. Just so you know, Pilgrims SCHOOLED their children and the number one book from which they learned to read was the Bible becuase first grade readers where Dan watched Jan jump over a post wasn't invented until last Thursday. Sorry dude, but you missed the party with that comment. That is hilarious. That is one facebook post I have to make.

"School wasn;t invented until the 19th century".

Yeah. When was college invented? Last Friday?

JUst in case you need to study up on some American history.

By Kevin Sanders (not verified) on 27 Dec 2012 #permalink

Kevin, the Pilgrims were not the founders of the United States, they settled colonies for Britain. I would not look to them as role models as they hanged religious dissenters. The Pilgrims were not looking for religious freedom for all, only freedom for their own view. They escaped oppression so that they could be the oppressors for a change. In the year that theologian Roger Williams was forced to leave and found another colony, Massachusetts colony hanged four people for the high crime of being Quakers! Funny how time has changed!
Al Gore never claimed that he invented the internet, only that he supported the initiative which brought it into being.
And Wallbuilders? Seriously? You just punked yourself there.


wallbulders. Yes. Seriously. If you deny history, you are a conspiracy theorist. You just plucked yourself there.

By Kevin Sanders (not verified) on 02 Jan 2013 #permalink

Kevin, how could you possibly know so much about the puritans? Oh, I get it. You're posts are meant to be taken sarcastically as an example of how inbreeding fosters imbeciles. I'd hate to think you are intellectually somewhere between sarah palin and a mushroom. Sorry fungi, no disrespect intended.

If jesus and his war hungry army return , look for me on the opposing side, saber in hand. ken, have someone who can read and comprehend English explain the First Amendement and the whole jesus is love thing to you

How do you know that is a depiction of Darwin? Looks like a member of ZZ Top to me. I especially liked the song at the end. I will be showing this to my students this fall.

Well, that's the point, isn't it!?!?