There are many myths that undergird antivaccine beliefs, such as the myth that vaccines cause autism, autoimmune diseases, diabetes, sudden infant death syndrome, and basically anything antivaccinationists like to blame on them. Basically, if you believe antivaccinationists, there’s nothing bad thta vaccines can’t do to children. The flip side of this myth is perhaps the central myth of the antivaccine movement, which is that unvaccinated children are somehow so much healthier than vaccinated children and that fewer vaccines equates to better health. This one pops up time after time after time after time. It is also the central motivating belief behind frequent calls by antivaccine activists for a “vaccinated versus unvaccinated” study. These calls began with proposals for—I kid you not—a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial of vaccinated versus unvaccinated children. When it was pointed out that such a trial would be completely unethical because it lacks clinical equipoise and that message finally sank in, antivaccinationists pivoted to wanting an epidemiological “vaxed versus unvaxed” study, even though the expense and challenges of such a study would be monumental and antivaccinationists wouldn’t believe a negative outcome anyway.
Of course, these "minor" setbacks haven't deterred antivaccine advocates from trying to make their case. I remember the first time I saw it, now many years ago, when J.B. Handley and Generation Rescue actually paid a company to do a telephone survey on the health of unvaccinated children. Let's just say that the design of the survey and wording of the questions were...not exactly rigorous. Hilariously, though, the survey actually showed some groups of vaccinated children were healthier than unvaccinated children. Even though it was a worthless telephone survey whose results meant nothing, it was hard not to laugh at how it backfired on Generation Rescue. And don't get me started on an Internet survey administered by a German homeopath that didn't show what he thought it showed. He wasn't the first. Others followed. All generated data (if you can call it that) that turned out to be—surprise!—utterly worthless and unsupportive of the hypothesis that unvaccinated children are generally healthier. They do provide me with fun targets at which to direct some Insolence, though, along with opportunities to point out that the vaccine schedule is not only evidence-based, but safe and effective.
I was reminded of the “healthy unvaccinated child” myth last night when I came across a post on a website known as Stop Mandatory Vaccination. You can tell there’s going to be a lot of misinformation there when you see its tagline: “Vaccines don’t save lives, healthy immune systems do!” The post is entitled We Have Healthy Vaccine Free Children which basically aggregates comments made after a post on the group’s Facebook page:
Now, anyone with even the slightest bit of understanding will immediately realize that posting a question like this on an antivaccine Facebook page is what we would refer to as “stacking the deck.” The audience already believes that not vaccinating is healthier and that injecting what they view as all those nasty “toxins” is just about the worst thing in the world you can do to your baby, short of feeding him GMOs. So it’s not surprising that the responses were overwhelmingly positive, with parents bragging and exulting about how fantastically healthy, smart, and just generally awesome their children are.
For example here are three examples:
Tiffany Elizabeth: My daughters are both 100% vaccine free and are smarter and healthier than other kids in their class. Their teachers think they’re gifted and they get over any illness faster than any other kids. They’re smart enough to move up a class and are well above most of the class. The epitome of health and brains. No allergies, eczema, Asthma or behavioral issues of any kind.
Ingrid Johanns: 3 unvaxed boys 10, 7 and 3. Seriously healthy kids. I can literally count on one hand the number of times any of them have been “sick”- where they have had a fever and needed to stay in bed, etc. and not one of them has ever been sick for more than two days in a row. Typically they’ve gotten better within 24 hours. They all are way way healthier than the vast majority of my friends kids who are vaccinated. To give you an idea, my ex, asked me once why our kids are SO much healthier than his co workers kids who “all seem to have issues…” I told him it was because we don’t vaccinate. I truly believe that is why.
Brianna Kinney: I have 2 completely 100% vaccine free children – Ages 4 and 17 months. Neither have ever been sick besides the common cold once or twice, no food allergies, no seasonal allergies, no fevers, no ear infections, no attention disorders… both are extremely healthy and above average in absolutely everything.
Yes, for some parents, it’s not just enough to portray their unvaccinated children as being healthy and happy, but they have to be portrayed as healthier, happier, and smarter than all the other kids in their class. Of course, it never occurs to them that the reason these children are healthy has nothing to do with their not having been vaccinated. In fact, the reason they are healthy is because they are sponging off the herd immunity of their classmates who were vaccinated without their parents accepting even the minimal risk of vaccination. They would have been just as healthy, happy, and intelligent if they had been vaccinated. The key phrase in those three anecdotes is “I truly believe” because what we’re dealing with is belief, not science.
Not surprisingly, in the some of the anecdotes there is quite a bit of confirmation bias, which is the very human tendency to see what one wants to see. Basically, we human beings tend to be more likely to remember observations that fit into our preconceived beliefs and to forget observations that do not. As a corollary, when we can’t avoid remembering or confronting facts and observations that do not support our beliefs, we tend to make excuses.
For example, here’s some excuse-making:
Shanti Marie Bates: Three completely unvaccinated children ages 28, 25 and 21. None of my children have allergies of any kind, never had an ear infection. First two excellent health but number two child periodically gets shingles with stress. First and second had chickenpox and measles under age 5. Third and youngest grew up with colds off and on. Tried exposing to chickenpox throughout childhood but never got it. Haven’t titer tested her. She has struggled with emotional deregulation since birth, she’s now diagnosed bpd potentially bipolar, her biodad was bipolar and took his life, since she’s struggled since birth it may be genetics. Thank God I knew not to vaccinate her. If she’d try cutting out gluten dairy and inflammatory foods I believe she’d have a much stronger system.
So let’s see. Bates proclaims her unvaccinated children healthier, but one out of three of them, who is only 25, regularly gets shingles because she had chickenpox when she didn’t need to. I note that it’s unusual to get shingles that young, which suggests to me that maybe this child is not as healthy as Bates thinks. Another out of the three of them doesn’t sound as though she’s in perfect health either, having been diagnosed with probable bipolar disorder. Of course none of that can be Bates' fault. Note how she points out that her biological father was bipolar and committed suicide, thus saying, in essence, it can't be my genes; it's the father's genes. (Remember, one of the reasons why antivaccine parents hate research into the genetic causes of autism is because they can never, ever admit that it might have been their genes that contributed to their children's autism. It had to be something external, obviously those evil vaccines ± GMOs and other "toxins.") Be that at it may, notice the next part. Thank heaven Bates never vaccinated her, or she would have been worse, and, of course, it’s also her daughter's fault because she won’t cut out gluten, dairy, and “inflammatory foods” (whatever that means) and therefore her immune system isn’t what it should be.
And here’s some confirmation bias:
Meg Annan: 3 kids, 2 are 100% vaccine-free. They are 3 and 3 months. Excellent health. My infant never got the cold that just went through our house. My 3 yo had it for a few days. My older son, 5, who had a few series of vaccines before age 1 still has a cough. He always gets sick first and stays sick the longest. My unvaccinated kids are healthier. They’ve never been on antibiotics and have no allergies. No asthma. No autoimmune disorders.
Jennifer Tyler: 2 of our kids are vaccine free and there’s no comparison of their health with their five other siblings who had vaccines. It’s something only you can see to believe. I will never put another vaccine into any of our children. I believe if others could see the health difference in the unvaccinated many wouldn’t vaccinate. When you know better you do better. :)
Ashley Cates: 1 out of 2 of mine are vaccine free. That one is super healthy, never had a concern except for colds and a couple ear infections as a toddler, which I attribute to the antibiotics she was given as a newborn. Chiropractic fixed that. My partially vaccinated one has had developmental delays, sensory processing issues, gastrointestinal trouble, tics… But he’s coming back around with good nutrition and avoiding toxic junk.
Denise Aguilar: I’m a mother of three. 17, 5, 2. My first two were vaccinated and injured from it. They have issues such as eczema, migraines, ear infections, sleep apnea and have trouble eating. My two year old is vaccine free. Never has had any of the above, never been sick minus the common cold that his body expelled without any type of medication. Eats amazing, loves his sleep and has excellent health. I have my own vaccinated vs unvaccinated study in my home.
You get the idea. Whenever it’s a “mixed” family (a family with vaccinated and unvaccinated children) the stories are all the same. The vaccinated children are sick, developmentally delayed, or otherwise chronically unhealthy, while the unvaccinated children are the very picture of health, often with the help of quackery such as “detox,” chiropractic, and homeopathy.
Here’s the most horrifying one (to me, at least):
Brittjay Jaybritt: I have an immunecompromised (heart transplant) one year old. He has been sick 2 times, same as me. He fights it off just like any normal kid… I was told he would be sick 8 to 15 times a year. thank You Jesus!
Holy hell! This is one of the most horrifying, irresponsible things I’ve ever heard, leaving an immunosuppressed child unvaccinated. Remember, immunosuppressed children can be vaccinated just like any other child, with one exception. They can’t receive live attenuated virus vaccines. But they should get everything else. For diseases against which they can’t be vaccinated, children like this rely totally on herd immunity, which antivaccine beliefs undermine.
I like to say that the plural of anecdotes is not data. This is particularly true when the anecdotes are taken from an obviously biased website. However, parents who come across such a website with parents so full of Dunning-Kruger and the arrogance of ignorance, they might reasonably wonder: What is the real story? Are unvaccinated children really healthier? Are there really no studies comparing the health of vaccinated versus unvaccinated children?
The answers to both questions are: No.
Of course, the primary health benefit of vaccination is one that the antivaccine contingent denies. Basically, children who are vaccinated against measles, pertussis, and all the other diseases we vaccinate against in the CDC-recommended schedule get measles, pertussis, and all the diseases we vaccinate against much less frequently than unvaccinated children do. As a reesult, they do not experience the suffering due to those diseases or the potential adverse consequences of such diseases, such as measles-associated encephalitis, or even death. Preventing these adverse health outcomes is the primary function of vaccines. This is summarized in a great article in the New England Journal of Medicine from three years ago and this nifty infographic (click to embiggen):
But what about all the other bad things that vaccines supposedly cause (if you believe antivaccine activists)? Antivaccine activists seem to discount how vaccines prevent infectious disease because, thanks to herd immunity, they don’t see such diseases in their special snowflakes, even though by not vaccinating they put those snowflakes at a much higher risk of suffering from those disease. It turns out that there is no good evidence that the general health of unvaccinated children is better than that of vaccinated children. Actually, if anything, existing evidence suggests the opposite, that vaccinated children tend to be healthier. For example, contrary to what antivaccinationists claim, in a German study asthma incidence was actually lower in vaccinated children than unvaccinated. Another German study (damn those Germans!) found in a study population of 13,453 subjects that the prevalence of allergic diseases and non-specific infections in children and adolescents does not depend on vaccination status. While there are some studies that suggest an association between vaccinations and allergic diseases like asthma, for often the results are due to bias and overall there is no consistent set of evidence implicating vaccination as a cause of asthma or allergies. A study from the Phillippines found a strong association between being fully vaccinated and higher cognitive test scores.
I’m reminded of a post that I wrote about a study last year that examined the benefits of the MMR vaccine. It turns out that the measles vaccine go far beyond just protecting against measles, a benefit that’s not too shabby in and of itself. Basically, measles produces immunosuppression that lasts for a period of up to three years after a child suffers from it. During that time period, children are more susceptible to infections other than the measles. Preventing the measles decreases all cause mortality because fewer children develop life-threatening infections in the two or three year period after the measles, when they are immunosuppressed. As I said at the time, antivaccinationists like the ones posting to the Facebook page I referenced above belief that the MMR “damages” the immune system, but in reality if anything damages the immune system it’s the measles.
The bottom line is that antivaccinationists can post all the anecdotes, full of selective memory, confirmation bias, and excuse-making when their unvaccinated child isn’t perfectly healthy, that they want to, but they are not objective evidence and they are certainly not scientific evidence. That’s because scientific evidence is not on their side. There is no good evidence that unvaccinated children are healthier than vaccinated children. In fact, if anything, existing evidence suggests that vaccinated children are probably, by and large, healthier, even if you leave aside the not inconsiderable health benefit of being much less likely to catch the diseases vaccines protect them against.
Are unvaccinated children healthier than vaccinated children? The answer is clearly no. That is nothing more than a myth based on anecdotes and no scientific evidence peddled by antivaccinationists. Don't fall for it.
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That worked so well for the Native American populace when Europeans brought Measles and smallpox over with them, didn't it?
Wouldn't retrospective studies comparing the health of vaccinated and unvaccinated children also be susceptible to selection bias? Vaccine-preventable diseases might improve average health darwinistically by purging those from the study group less able to survive them.
Yeah, as that worked out so well during the Spanish Influenza pandemic, where the healthiest died and the "weaker" immune system people managed to survive.
Still, let's go testimonial against testimonial.
I'm in my mid 50's, I've had pretty much every vaccine there is to offer, counting the smallpox vaccine. I've IQ test scores that show that I'm smarter by far than your moron children. Morons, not due to intellectual deficit, but because they're likely home schooled by you.*
I'll add, all of our children had every vaccine recommended on the table for them. They're smarter than your children are (we have IQ scores on them at multiple ages) and while we did perform home education, that was on top of what our public school system offered.
On and off topic a bit. Arkansas has a mumps outbreak, much larger than before.
Ah, but population control is a good thing, sterile college age and up kids will lower the birthrate.
Second OT, something that those who put a double helping of moron milk upon their stupid flakes in the morning will make a lot out of.
Costa Rica, Guillain–Barré syndrome secondary to, probably, the influenza vaccine. I say probably, as even the moderator wondered if the patient was tested for Zika virus infection, which is also associated with Guillain–Barré syndrome.
As is pretty much every other infectious disease on the planet.
Ah, I can hear it now; "It's not the disease, it's the vaccine, a strong immune system...", ignoring the fact that the syndrome is *caused* by an overactive, mistargeting immune system.
Which would and does trigger as hard or worse against the actual disease.**
*Excuse the extremely dark tone, bad mood today. Back is killing me, to the point where I spent an hour without the usage of one leg, during a major cold front hit. Likely, barometric pressure changes that added to a highly probable disc injury.
I'm rescheduling doctor's appointment from January to ASAP. It's past the insurance company 60 day window and not being able to actually adduct a leg is something that I consider a lack of improvement, indeed, a disimprovement.
**Seriously, I have a bag of hammers in the garage that are smarter than these dimwits.
Once upon a time, all children were unvaccinated, everybody ate pesticide-free food, and the graveyards were full of the graves of those "healthier" babies and children.
Once upon a time, smallpox was so well known as a contagious scourge that if someone in a family caught it, the custom was to isolate them in a room and have one and only one person tend to their needs. The helper was considered a great sacrifice because they would often contract smallpox and die too.
Once upon a time, tuberculosis was so prevalent in the West that we developed a genetic tendency to getting fat. It also influenced the canons of beauty: being overweight was seen as healthy, hence desirable, because it showed you didn't suffer from "consumption". And it also probably shaped the myth of vampires: creatures that come after their death to suck the life out of their relatives, leaving them pale and sickly...
Don't get me started on TB, which is "trying" to make a come-back.
My maternal grandfather died of TB, leaving mom and the kids to live in "the projects".*
*Just a little more about what makes up "me".
In other depressing news (but with a silver lining): the case of a boy in New Zealand who contacted tetanus because his parents refused to vaccinate him... So much for the "healthy" immune system! Now the parents, horrified by the suffering of their child, who had to be on life support in the hospital, speak out and warn against others making the same terrible mistake:
My missus is unfortunately afflicted by health anxiety in a variety of ways.
She reads up on all the "research" about supplements, complementary and alternative medicine (SCAM, as I read in this fine blog).
Recently I found in the fridge door a log of how many days she has successfully kept to the 10-a-day minimum servings of fruit and veg, which is not a terrible thing, except it is accompanied by the belief that this is the *one true way* to fend off disease. Despite all those efforts, it's been nearly a full week since she has been feeling "a bit under the weather" - just like pretty much everyone else around this time of the year.
When *I* had the first symptoms, I used the Vicks First Defence spray as indicated in the packaging. Had some rest that day. After a full week of feeling fine, I saw on TV (evil mainstream media, of course) that it's a good time to get the flu jab. Got that too.
I should get my Big Pharma Shill award any time soon. And a fat gift voucher, I hope.
We all have our biases. It's a pain in the arse. At least there's no contest about which one in the household is the healthiest.
Contradiction #1000 of the anti-vaxxers: They brag how healthy their kids are. They seek out and brag about "natural immunity" when their kids get sick.
The anti-vaxxers brag how healthy their kids are. Yet the seek out opportunities for them to get "natural immunity" and are thrilling when this happens. Typical.
Wait, what ? Deaths would be counted too, and would make a pretty bad impact on "average health", wouldn't it ?
Not if the deaths occur before the study and aren't counted.
Then there is the poor little girl - unvaccinated, of course - whose mom set up a gfm site because she's in the hospital being treated for tetanus (see Skeptical OB's post about it). Such a healthy little girl! Why, she'll toss off that disease in no time with her superior immune system. Oh, wait...
I laughed out loud at this: "never been sick minus the common cold that his body expelled without any type of medication."
I've been doing it wrong my whole life. I didn't realize I needed medication to "expel" the common cold from my body. Since I've been vaccinated I guess my body can't do it on its own, I wonder how I ever managed to get over all those colds I've had in my lifetime.
I have three fully vaccinated boys, and my anecdote could fit right in with the anti-vaxxers. Mostly healthy, blah, blah, blah...
All the (four) puppies here were fully vaxxed--one of them twice after losing shot records! None ever had a major illness--they’re in 30’s and 40’s now (very long-lived puppies they are!) and all were well above average intelligence. One has an auto-immune disease, but so did his bio Sire.
Talk about having your priorities mixed up - I exposed my kids to a 1 in 1000 chance of dying of measles but thank god they never had any allergies or earaches! I wonder how "number two child" feels about having recurrent bouts of shingles at 25 because her mom deliberately exposed her to an easily preventable disease.
There's something underlying some of those comments from parents, and it horrifies me. It's the level of pride they take in their childrens' health, which, even above and beyond their suspicion of real medicine, has driven them to deny the children medical care. Not only are they not getting vaccines and other needed medicine, their medical problems aren't even being acknowledged.
That poor woman who lives with bipolar and, instead of getting family support, has to endure her mother constantly lecturing her about her diet and how giving up all food will fix her brain. Not only is medical care useless, but admitting that the child has a serious illness would mean admitting that the child is "broken" and that they failed at natural parenting.
Your child getting sick is usually the fault of nature, not of anything you did. You fail as a parent only if you fail to help.
"Julian Frost writes:
"That worked so well for the Native American populace when Europeans brought Measles and smallpox over with them, didn’t it?"
You obviously have no idea how the immune system works. Being chemical injection free doesn't mean that you don't get sick with news diseases. Of course you can still catch diseases that you were never exposed to. The body then develops antibodies to protect itself afterwards. That's the same thing that chemical injections are supposed to do, but fail to do miserably with sometimes disastrous results.
Wake up and think logically before posting the next time.
Yeah, because smallpox is still killing 35% of the populace and polio has a large number of children confined to iron lungs today, right?
Pot, meet kettle.
1) Learn to blockquote.
If the body survives. It is believed that those diseases cut down as much as 90% of the Native American population.
In every single recent outbreak, a disproportionate number of cases were in the intentionally unvaccinated and undervaccinated. Hardly a failure of vaccination.
I advise you to follow your own advice.
...the myth that vaccines cause autism...
In an article from Scientific America (July 21, 2015) titled, "Important Link Between the Brain and Immune System Found", author Bret Stetka writes, "The newly discovered vessels — which were also identified in human samples — could explain a variety of pathophysiological conundrums, namely how the immune system contributes to neurological and psychiatric disease".
“It’s early to speculate,” says Kipnis, “but I think that alteration in these vessels may affect disease progression in those neurological disorders with a prominent immune component, such as multiple sclerosis, autism and Alzheimer’s disease."
Is brain development adversely affected by forced immunity in some children with atypical immunity?
Dude made one small step for man, one giant leap off of the cliff of random speculation.
Ah....Michael #20. I have seen a number of anti-vaxxers try to use the interesting work of Dr. Kipnis to try to somehow show that vaccines could autism (and everything else). They seem to gloss over the fact that his lab is devoted to developing new vaccines. In his own words.
"Neuro-Immune interactions in neurodegenerative, mental, cognitive and neurodevelopmental disorders – understanding of basic mechanisms and development of novel therapies and vaccines."
There is an odd tendency with anti-vaxxers to feel they understand the implications of basic researchers better than the researchers themselves. The hubris.
I followed that Scientific American link, and noticed something: Kipnis attempted to explain how that might work with MS and Alzheimer's, but not autism. And the two examples given had no obvious connection to vaccines.
I don't know anything about this Dr. Kipnis, or Stetka, beyond what was provided in the article. So I don't know if one or both of them might be anti-vax. In particular, I don't know is Stetka is putting words in Kipnis's mouth.
Also, Scientific American is not a journal, even if it is owned by Nature Publishing Group.
There is an odd tendency with anti-vaxxers to feel they understand the implications of basic researchers better than the researchers themselves.
To better understand basic research directed at therapeutic-interventions for autism-related symptoms I've written the following book:
Not surprising, there were just two autism-related patent applications (both rejected) that describe a linked between vaccines and autism.
Most important, both rejected patent applications describe potentially-harmful vaccine additives/contaminants that many manufacturers are now eliminating.
Ooohhh! Michael is an American Loon!
So Michael says, "If you won't accept a popular science magazine article as confirmed research showing a connection between vaccines and autism, will you accept my self-published book?
How about a couple of rejected patent applications?"
Ha! Ha! Ha!
Michael, there are multiple studies of large groups aggregated into a meta-analysis of over a million people which gives enough non-vaccinated people to show there is NOT a statistical link between vaccination and autism.
Mere hand-waving and random speculation are much too flimsy evidence to overturn that.
Yes, Michael, you do a very good job of displaying it.
"I'll prove my point! Read my book!"
A book which is an instruction manual for quacks on how to obtain patents.
Our patent system is broken beyond repair due to issues that have nothing to do with modern medicine. Gaining a patent doesn't replace the peer review process, and it doesn't even bypass FDA approval. You could get a patient for some treatment, but if it requires FDA approval you still have to get it before you can sell it, patent or no.
So MJD has a book to sell?
Hie thee to the talk show circuit, Mr. Dochniak. That's what it's there for, and you will probably find a more receptive audience than you do here.
I would have guessed that the anti-vax kids would be in fact, be healthier.
1) Because we mostly have herd immunity, only a small percentage of the unvaxxed will get the vax-preventable diseases.
2) Poor people can't afford to home school their kids or send them to one of those creepy private religious schools, and poverty correlates with illness. They also can't afford to pay stupid chiropractors to make up a medical exemption, and they have to send their children to licensed day cares and public nursery schools.
3) When a child does get a vax-preventable disease, the parents leave that horrible place and get caught up on the shots, unless they are completely delusional like that person who thinks shingles is a sign of health.
A lot of these unvaxxed stories read like they were written by the same person, which wouldn't surprise me that it is some NVIC shill of BL Fisher churning out boilerplate.
One of the parents claims of her children (one was partially vaccinated, the younger two never):
A five year old would likely be in kindergarten, where he is exposed to whatever his classmates happen to have. Is it a surprise that this kid is the first one to get sick? As for why he stays sick the longest, could it be that he has to go back to school and therefore doesn't get as much time to rest as the younger kids? No, it has to be because he has had some vaccines and his younger siblings haven't. Post hoc ergo propter hoc indeed.
Fortunately for my mother, I had my infant vaccines (being the oldest, before she was "enlightened"), so she could self-righteously apologize to me causing for my slightly sub-perfect health record (i.e. fertility issues) as an adult. Less fortunately for her, the really, really bad stuff (i.e. cancer) that showed up in my under-vaccinated sibling was genetically linked to her. I doubt she believes it, but I haven't asked. I don't really want to know what hand-waving and raving about diet quackery would ensue.
You obviously have no idea how the immune system works. Being chemical injection free doesn’t mean that you don’t get sick with news diseases. Of course you can still catch diseases that you were never exposed to. The body then develops antibodies to protect itself afterwards.
So, you're saying that the unvaccinated are healthier because they catch diseases? You don't see the disconnect, there?
By the way, the "natural immunity" gambit doesn't help. First because, as Wrz1 said, of the high mortality and/or long-term disabilities following various diseases. Can't get immunity if you're dead from smallpox! Or meningitis.
Second, because natural immunity is no better than vaccines, in many cases. There's no natural immunity to tetanus, for instance. And getting influenza A doesn't protect you from influenza B (but the flu vaccine does). And natural immunity wanes with time too. I wouldn't want to catch chickenpox as an adult, but I can get a vaccine booster, thank you.
Interestingly, people had noticed from centuries that you could get smallpox only once. This is indeed a case where natural immunity is life-long. But they also noticed that getting it was a dangerous gamble. So what happened? Someone very bright, probably in China, about 500 years ago, had the idea to inoculate healthy people with a small quantity of dried up pus gathered from the pustules of an afflicted person. The one inoculated would develop a fever, sometimes a rash, but after a few days would be okay. And protected against smallpox! Sure, there were adverse events: among the inoculated, some would contract smallpox and die... But it was better odds than letting nature take its course. The practice of inoculation was adopted in large parts of Asia and eventually European travelers learned about it in the 18th century. It became widespread around the world until the very end of the century, when Jenner discovered that you could have the same immunity with vaccine, a smallpox-like virus that affected cows but didn't cause illness in humans. And the rest is history.
"never been sick minus the common cold that his body expelled without any type of medication." Well, this is also true of, oh, just about everyone, vaccinated or not. Talk about setting a low bar.
@Terrie, a low bar indeed.
I never get sick, except when I do and since I get better, it doesn't count.
That level of doublethink would amaze even Orwell.
There's a medication that makes people expel the common cold? Can someone name it?
For your pain, Wzrd1 #3:
Ladies and Gentlemen,
Vaxers and AntiVaxers.
I have a vision, where the good, genuine, not for profit stakeholders in the vaccine issue, could obtain their goals, from both sides of the fence.
What really is the issue at hand? I say it's partial immunity to the Vaccine Preventable Disease (VPD). The AntiVax lot just (well mostly) don't like the shots.
Yet there is another way: Vaccine Shedding!
Most Antivaxers have heard of this and know it to be totally true. What they usually forget (don't get told), is that it's the attenuated vaccine strain from the live vaccine*.
Well how about ProVax volunteers stand by their "vaccines are really safe" mantra, take a full dose of a live vaccine and then socialise with a load of unvaxed (they can bring the GMO free cake).
The Antivaxers would get a mild form of the disease, smugly attributing their easy ride to the GMO free cake and more importantly would have a greater immunity to the VPD, contribute to the herd immunity and on passing a titre test; get to go to normal school.
So Antivaxer, would this be acceptable? If not, what's your objection?
Provaxer, would you put your body on the line, taking a maybe unnecessary shot, so the innocent children of establishment-phobes can go to school?
Dammit I would take a shot!
Especially if there was cake :)
*With the exeption of live Polio vaccine, where the strain can mutate back to the original
Young CC Prof @ #16:
"There’s something underlying some of those comments from parents, and it horrifies me. It’s the level of pride they take in their childrens’ health"
One thread I've noticed among the anti-vaxx/SCAM-enthusiast people I know-- they fetishize health and wellness. They tend to view physical wellbeing as an extension or expression of one's moral purity. Sickness is a result of moral weakness-- eating "bad" foods or engaging in "bad" lifestyles or even harboring "bad" thoughts and feelings. Conversely, living a "good, pure" lifestyle and eating a "pure" diet will reward one with perfect health. In this framing, their children are of course their precious little angels, unpolluted with toxic vaccines and raised on the highest quality organic and non-GMO gluten-free diet, so of course they are in perfect health.
There’s a medication that makes people expel the common cold? Can someone name it?
Beer works for me.
The varicella vaccine was available starting in 1995, just 21 years ago. My 22 year old child got chicken pox as a baby, which makes her more likely to get shingles as a young person (especially in the future when she starts graduate school).
Oooh, doncha just love random eugenics!? I am sure that my great grandparents were delighted that both of their sons died before age ten. So how many children are you willing to sacrifice for this Darwinian Eugenics paradise? One, two, or all of them?
Also, the vaccine preventable diseases do not just cause death. They also cause blindness, deafness, paralysis and neurological disorders. Did you know that one known cause of autism is Congenital Rubella Syndrome?
Since I had to take care of three kids with chicken pox a year before the varicella vaccine was available, I do not look kindly on those who think kids should suffer from dozens of itchy open wounds. Especially since one was only six months old (and only getting breast milk, so don't pull the "breast milk gives babies immunity" gambit).
Kids who get vaccine preventable diseases are by definition not healthy. And full grown adults who think they should get "natural immunity" by suffering with actual diseases are just sadistic.
You forgot coffee and black pudding.
Still cached. No, it's not a "medical anomaly." The anti–tetanus vaccine nuts are some of the very dumbest.
Moreover, does it require a catcher's mitt?
[hm, also the name of the Matrix character who betrayed his friends most horribly - coincidence?]
And you claim that you do know how it works? You could have fooled me...
Erm, not to put too fine a point (pun intended) on it, but most "chemicals" in a vaccine are also naturally occurring in the body -- and mostly in much higher concentrations, at that. Also, most of these 'chemicals' are not meant to do anything in the body, but actually the contrary: some are there to match the vaccine to the body's pH and ion concentrations, so as to minimize adverse reactions; one or two "chemicals" are there to prevent spoiling of the vaccine (and thereby potentially lethal infections). And all "chemical" vaccine ingredients are also used extensively in other medical as well as nutritional applications, without any adverse effects whatsoever -- with vaccines containing the lowest quantities by far.
Oh dear ... For someone who claims to know how the immune system works, this is a bit of an oversimplification (which is unfortunately rather a bit of an understatement). For example, you left out the bit about 'dying from a disease' where the body's immune system can't keep up with the pathogen, which is multiplying at a faster rate than the immune system can kill it. You also left out the bit about 'physiological damage', which is the damage done to your body by a pathogen, even if your immune system eventually overcomes it. This damage is part of what makes you feel ill, produces a rash, irritates the airways etcetera. All these things can be prevented when the immune system is presented with an APB on the expected pathogen before it invaded your body. By vaccines, that is. But apparently you claim that contracting a serious and potentially lethal disease is the best protection against this disease. Um, do you mind if I'm a bit confused?
Erm, have proven to do ...
Yes, vaccines have a certain, known failure rate. But these "disastrous results" you mention appear to be rather elusive as soon as one looks beyond anecdotes and beliefs.
I have scoured several countries' VAERS databases and equivalents, and worked my way through countless epidemiological studies and population statistics on disease, searching for correlations between e.g. the introduction of a new vaccine and a marked increase in particular health-related problems, and many other things that should be clear evidence of vaccines being the cause of health problems -- and this not just for the Netherlands (where I live), but for several other Western and Oriental countries as well.
And you know what? I did find a strong correlation between children's health and vaccination. After quite a few years of painstaking research, my conclusion is that vaccines prevent childhood morbidity and mortality.
This is really not a subject where "logical thinking" provides any useful answers. For most people, this is a matter of trust: do you trust medical professionals who have spent 8+ years of their life of rigorous and arduous education on this matter, and are being educated further all the time as new knowledge becomes available? And who are required by law to prove their knowledge before they're allowed to treat people in a medical fashion?
Or do you trust complete strangers on the Internet who can't produce any medical credentials, try to scare you with phrases like "chemical injections", and say things that are proven falsehoods?
It is rather simple, really: if the subject at hand is beyond your personal level of knowledge, the best option is to trust licensed professionals over total strangers.
Yeah, it's really noticeable that the most hardcore alt met circles are basically ancient mysticism with new window dressing. Health is maintained by obeying the rules, disease is caused by sin, ailments are cured by ritual, and everything is the patient's fault or the will of God. Just with different names for everything.
There’s a medication that makes people expel the common cold? Can someone name it?
There are many medications that make people expel the common cold when infected.
At $230 , I am sure it will find a wide audience. I hope it is filled with fully paid for pictures not duck any issues, but adheres to the subject.
BTW, are you still claiming to be a mugwump on the issue of vaccines, or do you declare yourself to be anti-vax?
Oh, the things people do to their kids. I can only hope that Mrs. Bates' kids are old enough to be out of the house and away from her influence and get appropriate medical treatment (for the shingles and the bipolar and all the immunizations they missed).
And if they do learn that they should have at least been spared the measles, and that their mother chose to not protect them, well, it will be interesting to see how that affects the family dynamic.
I just lol'ed a little.
sirhcton writes (#49),
BTW, are you still claiming to be a mugwump on the issue of vaccines, or do you declare yourself to be anti-vax?
I'm pro-vaccine and not a mugwump, I declare!
I'd like to be considered one of Orac's minions. He's the Mark Twain of medical-science blogging.
sullenbode @51: I'm confused about why that's funny. It's a pretty common term (along with biomom) used to differentiate biological parents from parents one is raised by (step-parents, adoptive parents foster parents, etc).
Or did I miss a pun?
In more antagonistic relationships, I've heard the term "sperm donor."
In more Traditional puritanical and patriarchal relationships, I've heard the term "egg donor."
Egg donor? How about procreative stumps--
-- Frank Herbert, Hellstrom's Hive
I don't have kids, but I'm fully vaccinated. I feel like I'm pretty healthy in a little over seven years working at the hospital I've only ever had one case of bronchitis. I have to clean up really gross things sometimes too.
Something to "expel the common cold"?
Homeopathy, vitamin C, reflexology, Bach flower remedy, herbal tea, green monkey emotional support therapy, chelation, placebotherapy, hypnotism, kissitbetter therapy, zombie infusions, aura therapy, rectal ozone enemas and crystal plutonium therapy of course.
But nothing conventional, mind.
Oops, I see MJD beat me to it!
I had to look up the Dunning-Kruger effect. The Wikipedia page says this..."The study was inspired by the case of McArthur Wheeler, a man who robbed two banks after covering his face with lemon juice in the mistaken belief that, because lemon juice is usable as invisible ink,"
I hope they did not form the hypothesis based on this event.
Dunning-Kruger effect: Occurs where people fail to adequately assess their level of competence — or specifically, their incompetence — at a task and thus consider themselves much more competent than everyone else. This lack of awareness is attributed to their lower level of competence robbing them of the ability to critically analyse their performance, leading to a significant overestimate of themselves.
In simple words it's "people who are too stupid to know how stupid they are".
The inverse also applies: competent people tend to underestimate their ability compared to others; this is known as impostor syndrome.
I often note that the Dunning-Kruger effect is basically the arrogance of ignorance. A person doesn't know what He's talking about but but strongly believe that he does.
ORAC said"...but they are not objective evidence and they are certainly not scientific evidence. That’s because scientific evidence is not on their side."
I am objective.
In year 2000 Dr. Hurwitz published a study that showed, in his words...."The odds of having a history of asthma was twice as great among vaccinated subjects than among unvaccinated subjects (adjusted odds ratio, 2.00; 95% confidence interval, 0.59 to 6.74).
The article you alluded to about asthma was called: "Early-life determinants of asthma from birth to age 20 years:
A German birth cohort study" and only had 218 people who were ultimately included in the data. This was from Germany and has milder vaccination requirements. They found...": adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 0.66 [95% CI, 0.47-0.93])"
A more statistically powerful study showed a greater (absolute value) risk ratio [2.00] then your German study [.66]; twice the likelyhood vs a 1/3% less likelyhood.
Moreover, one of the German authors..."has received payment for lectures from GlaxoSmithKline, Merck Sharp Dohme, Forest Labs, Roche, Novartis, ALK-Abello,"
[Under conflict-of-interest declaration; bottom of page one]
Is there a vaccine manufacturer not on that list?
Interesting. An article about vaccines from a chiropractic journal published 16 years ago compared to an article published two years ago by reputable researchers. Hmmm... Which one is more likely to be correct?
There's also this article, which I missed, showing that MMR might actually protect against asthma:
It suffers from the problem of low numbers of unvaccinated children, but at the very least it fails to find an increased risk of asthma attributable to MMR. Then there's this study:
They found an association that was completely explained by ascertainment bias and was therefore due to bias, rather than a true association.
Before someone makes a sarcastic quip; what I mean't for the absolute-value of the odds ratio was that a RR=2 would be equal in magnitude to an RR=1/2, but opposite in direction.
I need to practice my English.
Obviously, if you were to take that sentence literally, it would be ridiculous. I should have worded that differently...
I didn't even notice. I did notice your saying a 1/3% decrease, which would be an amazingly small decrease to be detected in an epidemiological study.
LOL! Forgot the parenthesis. (1/3)%
PS. But maybe not as small as you think....
1/.03 = 33.3333
Katie: "I am objective."
None of us are objective, seeing that we are human beings. The best we can hope for is to be fair-minded and to weigh evidence according to its quality and reproducibility.
Looks like some needs a math lesson in order of operations
The anti–tetanus vaccine nuts are some of the very dumbest.
They run a poor second to the anti-rabies vaccine nuts, however.
You forgot coffee and black pudding.
a medication that makes people expel the common cold?
Moreover, does it require a catcher’s mitt?
Narad is possibly thinking of Ballistic Organ Syndrome.
I wouldn't know myself, but I've heard Black Acid expels just about anything.
Just a bit more seriously... It seems SCAM actually has some places credibility will not let it go. Potions can expel Satanic demon possession, but no one's going to believe a potion can expel the common cold. So the claims are just 'prevention' or 'shortening'.
Black Acid?? Would that be morning glory seeds? I'd recommend intranasal zinc for the common cold:
Meh. There is always nano-silver; You shoot it up the butt (boofing) until you turn blue -- Then you're good to go.
Does anyone know of a five year independent, double blind study done on vaccinated and unvaccinated children to prove effectiveness of vaccines?
Henri, there are plenty of epidemiological studies. that those of us that understand statistic and the ethics of human studies understand.
Do you know of a five year independent, double blind study done on comparing the health outcomes between tobacco smokers and those who smoked a placebo?
If her womb could be maintained, she might yet serve the Hive.
— Frank Herbert, Hellstrom’s Hive
Not to forget the Tleilaxu Axolotl tanks. Frank Herbert kept coming back to that reproductive-technology-misuse theme.
No. It' a substance that's also known as Black Salve. It's supposed to cure cancer without the side effects of chemotherapy. It doesn't work, and as for side effects, it has a quite horrific one.
I'm sorry I have to vent. I have an intense hatred of nurses. For some reason they think even though they have never cleaned professionally in their lives that they know my job. Most don't even know that cleaning chemicals have dwell time to actually work. For example Lysol all purpose cleaner has to sit on the surface for 10 minutes in order to actually kill the 99% of germs it advertises (just read the back). It pisses me off when a nurse who has not worked as long as I have there blows me off in regards to floors. Typical nurse stuck up.
Sarah: " I have an intense hatred of nurses"
Hmmm.... I think I have developed a intense hatred of those who cannot tell the difference between the difference between nurses and the janitorial staff.
From my understanding, nurses clean up the patients, and it is the well train janitorial staff that clean up the floors. One of those who stopped her cleaning work to cheer up my child and myself when he ended up in the hospital during one of our American Thanksgiving holidays.
I believe I respect that member of the cleaning staff more than someone who claims a hatred of nurses.
JR'S original mention was of black pudding, which is a type of blood sausage commonly served for breakfast in England and Ireland.
Although sometimes touted as a "superfood" like kale, broccoli and spinach, even the BBC is dubious of those medical claims.
I vaguely remember eating blood sausage and it didn't have the same nasty chemical properties as black salve.
@Chris, I think Sarah is Poeing.
The unacceptable ethical problems of such a study have been explained at length, as was the lack of necessity to use this instrument to assess the effectiveness of vaccines. This effectiveness has been established by myriads of other studies, with a combined power easily surpassing one double blind study.
Often, simply looking at epidemiological data already says a lot. Here in the Netherlands, we have a governmental body called the CBS, the Central Bureau of Statistics. One of the tings they keep track of, is child mortality, including causes of death. Until 2001, meningitis killed between 20 and 40 children aged 0-5 annually, and caused permanent brain damage in even more.
From 2001 onwards, these numbers dropped dramatically, to just one or two meningitis deaths annually since 2006. What happened in 2001? Well, one thing in particular: the MenC vaccine was added to the pediatric vaccination schedule in the Netherlands. And that it was indeed the vaccination preventing dozens of deaths a year, is supported by the fact that the exact same decline in meningitis deaths occurred in other countries, exactly from the moment the vaccine was introduced on a large scale.
There is no other plausible explanation -- the treatment of meningitis had not changed, and there are also no other known factors which may have influenced meningitis incidence. Also somewhat noteworthy is the fact that the introduction of this vaccine has had no other effect than reducing childhood mortality by several percentage points. There was no increase in other causes of mortality, nor was there a clear increase in the incidence of any of the numerous health conditions that antivaxxers claim are caused by vaccination. The only observation is that the MenC vaccine prevents meningitis, without any significant risk.
And there are many, many more ways to prove the effectiveness of vaccines -- e.g. the 2013 measles epidemic here, where 96% of measles patients were not vaccinated, almost exactly matching the known effectiveness of 97% of measles vaccination.
Naturally (pun intended), antivaccionationists are not impressed, let alone convinced, by these facts, and keep saying that vaccination is not as effective by far as claimed -- yet always without producing any credible statistics or other information to bolster their claims. Ah well, a true believer is not easily led astray...
Julian Frost: "@Chris, I think Sarah is Poeing."
Thanks, I hope so.
@ Sarah #77,
-- Stanley Spadowski, UHF
@78 Well it is looking like I am only going to have one day off this month, so maybe I am not in the best of moods. I told the nurse what I thought the issue was which was build up of the chemical we mop with. Over time if the floors are not mopped every now and then with water they get sticky. It is like if you did dishes with very soapy water and never ever rinsed them. I did mop the floor for them once the regular way for them in off case it was something spilled on the floor, evidently it did not help. When I explained what I thought it was to the nurse when she told me they were still sticky. She basically went out of her way to tell me that was BS and I was an idiot. Let's see so it is my fault that I get sick of the nurses not doing what they are supposed as far as clearing the equipment from discharges. I do it, but it is annoying to me that they are sitting at the nurses station just talking (not work or patient related). I get sick of them trying to push their nastier work off on me, yes I have actually had a cna try to get me to change their patient. I get sick of them dropping things in the hallway and saying it is fine the cleaning lady is right there. At the nursing home I used to work at I used to see nursing staff doing this wedgie lift thing where they would pull people up by their underwear. I would see them do these play kicks at the patients in wheelchair's heads, they would not connect, so no bruising. They also like making scary faces at the dementia patients. Wasn't really sure who I should report some of this stuff to, their supervisor's were right there. But maybe I am wrong and that was appropriate.
The second to last time I went for surgery it seemed like the nurses were actual angels. When I poured water over myself in my enfeeblement at 3AM, she got me a new pillow, sheet, gown thingie and a fresh cup of water. Love em.
Of course now that they have to be degree qualified (in the UK anyways), it'd be a bit much to expect them to clean the floors.
Whoops posted my comment under the wrong nym by accident, sorry.
Here's what I wrote in response to Sarah:
The second to last time I went for surgery it seemed like the nurses were actual angels. When I poured water over myself in my enfeeblement at 3AM, she got me a new pillow, sheet, gown thingie and a fresh cup of water. Love em.
Of course now that they have to be degree qualified (in the UK anyways), it’d be a bit much to expect them to clean the floors.
Learn to read I didn't say I expected her to mop the floor, when she was commenting about why the floor was still sticky after being mopped, and didn't like my thought for why. If you are going to throw education in my face I have BA in archaeology graduated with honors and made the National Dean's list several years running. I also have a Masters degree, so if I can mop floors I don't see why they can't. The only reason I have stuck to this job is because it pays better than what I would get as an archaeology field or lab tech, but am really debating if it is worth sticking around until my loans are paid.
Julian, it is not a Poe. Personally I don't care about Sarah and her off topic whining. I'm ignoring her.
@Chris, I dunno. Isn't advanced janitorial methods standard curriculum in liberal arts programs?
Or is it exclusive to archeology? ;)
I do know that it isn't part of any RN curriculum or IT curriculum. I do suspect it might be part of a CDC special program, but that'd be in regards to biosafety level room maintenance. :P:p:P:p
Oops, I stuck my tongue out in a biosafety level 4 room. Oh, no! I'm unprotected!
Put down the wet trout!
On a far less sarcastic note, most people get their degree to *not* mop floors, so most people don't understand that floors need occasional stripping, mop water residue or even the need to change mop water after a specific number of square feet are mopped.
So, one shouldn't reasonably expect an RN, who holds a BS degree in nursing to know that, nor would I expect an astronomer or my anesthesiologist.
Reasonable people would expect the BSN to know nursing and the anesthesiologist to know anesthesia, highly specific A&P in regards to the field, pharmacology specific to the field, etc.
Although, I'd actually admit to great surprise to learn of a housekeeping staff member with advanced knowledge in archeology. I'd understand the rather limited career opportunities that could actually pay well enough to pay off the student loan sharks, but I'd be surprised.
Perhaps, that'll be The Donald's next career, once he finally trashes the rest of his brands with his campaign.
Naw, he could only manage to achieve nursing home mopping. Start at the bottom, stay at the bottom for some.
"That poor woman who lives with bipolar and, instead of getting family support, has to endure her mother constantly lecturing her about her diet and how giving up all food will fix her brain. "
Perhaps the source of the daughter's problems was not entirely from the father.
@DriveBy, I've been more of the school of infectious, either via ERV resortment or immune dysfunction school of thought.
I do understand that there is some degree of active research, some failed, some ongoing, but still ill explored.
But then, most parents should have lost their minds once their brood reached their teens, if it were mere nurture v nature. ;)
It certainly doesn't sound as though the psychological toll is worth it.
Way to deescalate a situation. I do fit the profile of mass shooters. Schizophrenia, failed academic, etc. etc. Although I suppose this isn't really a threat, I know from previous experience when I was fully unmedicated. I may think it, but in the end it is my arm with the fresh scar, and it is my hospital bill for drinking ferric chloride. Tonight I am going to take my meds, and you people can relax. I don't think that I will be back here.
Let's suffice it to say, I've had my share of homicidal moments, a few where I considered suicidal moments as well, courtesy of those moments and memories of warfare experiences.
Still, I have responsibilities that override such things. Part of those responsibilities involve the entire society, to remind us of our mistakes and successes.
So, perhaps, you should remain about and learn a little.
Every day, I get reminded by one of my grandchildren surviving past age five, of the child whose life I unintentionally ended, while firing at the last position of a sniper - his elder brother.
Then, had to protect said surrendering brother, when mom tried to attack him. Apparently, that's how dad died.
Meanwhile, I, far too frequently, recall that child's face, as the round traveled to target, morphing into my grandchild.
Once I recognized a juvenile face, I actually reached my arm out to try to catch the fired round.
Once we ran to try to help and apprehend his brother, I found every facial and skeletal bone mobile.
I simply drink myself to sleep.
You may be misreading Shanti's admittedly cryptic report:
-- BPD is usually "borderline personality disorder", and the "potentially bipolar" sounds more like Shanti's attempt to shoehorn her daughter into a bad-paternal-genes narrative. Reading between the lines, I would not put great trust in the BPD aspect either... there may have been some diagnosis shopping, with Shanti looking to medicalise her daughter's refusal to put up with the dietary bullsh1t.
I do fit the profile of mass shooters. Schizophrenia, failed academic, etc. etc.
I don't know that failed academics are particularly likely to be mass shooters, but I can empathize with your plight. (Except I've never wanted to hurt anybody but myself.)
Do take care of yourself, and do please take your meds. And try to chill about your job, if you can.
Wouldn't Shanti have an interest in a diagnosis of bipolar over BPD? It's been my perception as a layperson that BPD is typically "blamed" on nurture rather than nature, which could mean Shanti was not a "good enough mother." It's odd to me that she mentions that her daughter has had issues since birth, as BPD usually manifests in adolescence/early adulthood, and bipolar in the 20s.
I could be wrong on all this.
I don't recall whether this was on the 30-year-old mix tape that I gave to my social worker. (This was.)
So little time when it comes to a young'un who made it through his own woods and only has a cassette player in his car. Soon taking on a new gig. Selah.
I borked comment #71.
I didn't mean 'Black Acid', but Brown Acid, per Chip Monck's famous announcement at Woodstock about some LSD "circulating around us [that] is not specifically too good",
And, "Where's Gilbert?" wasn't a query about any kind of Acid, just imagining a comment that cannabis is more curative than coffee and pudding.
I.e., two failed drug jokes from an Old who grew up with Firesign and Cheech and Chong.
Well, coffee most certainly is curative!
I'm about to cure my morning doldrums with a cup from the dispenser at work.
After flooding my bathroom with an inch of water, then attempting to amputate part of my chin while shaving.
You know - Monday morning. Something for which there is no known cure, well, other than taking Monday off.
Kratom is much more curative than coffee, though it is in the coffee (Rubiaceae) family. It's good for mental health, addiction, and as a tea with a good little pick-me-up.
Regarding the mom of the "healthy" 25 year old who gets recurrent "shingles" from stress...
That's not shingles. That's herpes. Every single patient I've ever had who claims to have "recurrent shingles" actually has herpes simplex virus when cultured. Every single one. Unless you are actually immunosuppressed, you're not getting recurrent cases of shingles.
i take 'Shanti' as saying her daughter had been diagnosed with BPD, but that the psy-doc(s) are now thinking it' might be bipolar instead. (Of course, she may just have thought 'bpd' was an appropriate acronym for 'bi-polar disorder'.) Ideal types / extreme case of the two are different enough, but a lot of folks with less profound mental troubles can wind with with 'tentative' diagnoses all over the map. i used to know someone who had the psy-docs suggest BPD, bi-polar, SAD, and good ol' unipolar depression, all within a few months for the same situation.
It's true that personality disorders are considered more nurture than nature, but they do sometimes run in families, as parents will sometimes repeat with their offspring the 'nurture' patterns they experienced as kids. If the dad had a clear diagnosis of bipolar, maybe the docs didn't know that at first, were thinking borderline, and then changed the hypothesis when they found out about dad's history. But then, who knows how competent the shrinks may be, anyway?
I know folks who worked in two different university department that experienced mass shootings, and escaped death by chance. Both shooters were disgruntled male 'foreign' grad students in STEM. I have never heard of any humanities academic 'going postal (or any women either for that matter,) 'Never hurt anybody but ourselves' is more our speed.
Coffee's not for me. 5-Hour Energy type shots and Rockstar Rehab on the other hand... And Adderal! Good Morning!!!
Interpreting Shanti to mean "she’s now diagnosed bpd bipolar disorder potentially bipolar" did not make much sense. But perhaps I am overthinking it.
It’s odd to me that she mentions that her daughter has had issues since birth
-- More specifically, "struggled with emotional deregulation since birth". As if Shanti had expected a high level of emotional regulation from an infant.
NH Primary Care Doc @103: I'm pretty sure my FIL's "recurrent" shingles (in his eye!) is actually shingles, but that's because that's what he was told the first time he got it (as a teenager). He was under a lot of stress at the time, and it usually flares up when he's under a lot of stress and/or sick with something else.
And aren't they all herpes viruses anyway?
Yes, they're all herpes viruses, but shingles is herpes zoster, not herpes simplex.
And I'd put money that your FIL's recurrent "shingles" is HSV, not VZV.
NH Primary Care Doc @108: Is there a difference in treatment? I know his initial diagnosis was a *long* time ago, so there's no reason that they couldn't have been wrong then, and if you say "well I had shingles in this eye" then your doctors now are more likely to agree it's still shingles than to test of something else.
No, there's no difference in treatment. However, it provides ammunition to the antivaxxers who like to go on and on about how shingles is on the rise because of the chicken pox vaccine (this is a common claim of theirs).
Those who think they know never learn.
—from the Tao Te Ching
Those who think they know may invent.
In my opinion, the Dunning-Kruger effect allows some individuals to circumvent information over-load as a barrier to inventorship.
In continuation, surprising and unexpected results are often the cornerstone of inventions.
Give instances where "information overload" is a "barrier to inventiveness". List inventions that were created by people who didn't know they didn't know.
@ Julian Frost
Careful, it does happen that people try again on some topic and succeed where other people have given up, because this time they got the parameters right.
It was how Koichi Tanaka presented his discovery of soft ionization of proteins by laser desorption at ASMS 2003, the year after he got his Nobel prize. He told us he tried these matrices because he didn't know that it was not supposed to work.
Then again, maybe it was a white lie, as he was trying very hard to appear humble and funny. From something he told later to another scientist, I gather he was feeling uncomfortable being in the spotlight as a young scientist with the Nobel prize.
That being said, trying to reinvent the wheel - or to invent a square wheel - when information is available on how to do or not to do it... No amount of creativity is going to reverse the known laws of the universe.
But on second thoughts, I don't think my example qualify as Dunning-Kruger effect.
Tanaka's tale is about not knowing of the existence of prior failed attempts, it's not about the personal hubris of believing oneself an expert.
@Julian Frost (#113)
Sometimes it is the people no one can imagine anything of who create the things no one can imagine. (e.g., Temple Grandin)
ANIMAL STUNNING SYSTEM PRIOR TO SLAUGHTER
(Grandin in Patent number 5,906,540 - May 25, 1999)
On the subject of ridding the body of Dem Vaccine Toxins, there's a spotlight today on the Rev. Jim Humble and the Genesis II Church of The Holy Bleach (MMS):
A 20/20 report is scheduled to air Friday.
Temple Grandin is not a good example of Dunning-Kruger leading to inventiveness, MJD. Her entire university study was in animal behaviour. It is not surprising that she would create a new system to stun animals prior to slaughter.
Temple Grandin is not a good example of Dunning-Kruger leading to inventiveness, MJD. Her entire university study was in animal behaviour. It is not surprising that she would create a new system to stun animals prior to slaughter.
Now, let's be insolent towards the millions of other animal scientists who previously failed to come up with such a system.
Lovely strawman, Michael. Your argument was
And you named Temple Grandin's patent of a way to stun animals as an example.
I looked up Temple Grandin. She was awarded a Doctorate in animal science in 1989, ten years before her patent. She is therefore NOT a good example of Dunning Kruger leading to inventiveness.
Julian Frosty says (#121),
She is therefore NOT a good example of Dunning Kruger leading to inventiveness.
Clearly, the Dunning-Kruger effect is an insolent tool that some people use to put down those they deem "less-educated".
I wonder what Albert Einstein would have thought about the Dunning-Kruger effect?
"I'd rather be creative than smart" - Albert Einstein
Some people have fractured skills which can limit their ability to acquire a degree. This does not make their ideas less worthy of our attention.
Are unvaccinated children more healthy than vaccinated children?
In the absence of contraindications, vaccinated children are healthier than unvaccinmated children.
In earlier times when coverrage was low, herd immunity did not protect the unvaccinated. But there is at least one study from Nigeria - although not dooble blind- but lasting 5 years:
Trop Geogr Med. 1990 Apr;42(2):182-4.
"Vaccinated versus unvaccinated children: how they fare in first five years of life."
Epoke J1, Eko F, Mboto CI.
Twenty five children who had undergone their full course of childhood immunization schedule were compared with 25 children who did not have any vaccinations for a period of five years. Parameters for comparison were measles, pertussis, poliomyelitis, tetanus and tuberculosis. Out of the 25 vaccinated children, only one child had mild measles at 2 1/2 years while 4 had suspected whooping cough at different points of the study period but not clinically diagnosed as pertussis. Among the unvaccinated group, 2 died of measles before the age of 3 years while 11 others went down with measles during an outbreak in 1986. An unvaccinated child also died of tetanus within the study period. In this paper we advocate the total integration of every community in the ongoing Expanded Programme for Immunization in Nigeria."
How many fatalities would anti-vaxxers take into account?
An unvaccinated 6 yr old boy died in Spain in 2015 from Diphtheria- the first case since 1987- parents
"Speaking before his death, the parents of the six-year-old boy said that they felt “tricked” by the anti-vaccination groups they once admired."
Interesting they defaulted to some sort of undiagnosed pertussis rather than a common viral croup, and that they got that many deaths with such a small group of unvaccinated. Hopefully, we don't pull that kind of a study model here, as per the wishes of the "educated and informed" anti-vaxxers.
Pertussis is quite distinctive, which is why, before bacteria were discovered, it was called pertussis and not croup.
But hey, let's not let silly little things like facts confuse the *issues*.
In other ( anti-vax) news...
Tim Welsh is called a 'google scholar' by Temple Grandin.
He is not happy about the appellation.
Dear G-d, it could at least teach him about English capitalization. Oddly enough, one local paper reported that Grandin herself stated, "My mind works like Google for images. You say words to me and I think pictures."
You say words to Tanner's Dad, and he thinks "CDC Whistleblower."
This I would watch the video of. Reading the AoA comments, I'm not so sure.
I would hypothesize that the high fatality rate may be linked to malnutrition and/or poor access to healthcare*.
The roughly 1/1000 fatality rate with measles is for well-nourished Europeans, North Americans and Asians, as exemplified in the measles outbreaks in Europe since 2010.
*well, access to the type of healthcare we residents of developed nations take for granted.
Not at all. The Dunning-Kruger effect is seen in people of many levels of education, and in fact, I have a suspicion that more education may actually make people more prone to it. In general, it happens in people operating outside their area of ability*, but that can certainly be highly educated people. It may be more common in the highly educated, in fact, because the further you go in education, the more specialized your area of expertise becomes. At the same time, your confidence level goes up considerably, which can lead to an inaccurate assessment of your skills in another area.
*Although one must remember also it's use by people who are not arguing with honest intentions. It can be difficult to distinguish genuine examples of the Dunning-Kruger Effect from the "baffle 'em with bullshit" strategy.
@128 -- couple things to consider, wouldn't the vaccinated also be malnourished? From a same or different socio-economic subset?
In any case, such a small specifically targeted study group for comparison seems to lose randomness.
And so shifts the goalposts, yet again.
I actually looked up Dunning and Kruger's original 1999 paper to check on the stupid thing. Turns out the D-K effect was an explanation for people who scored low on humor, grammer and logic tests, but estimated their performance much higher. These folks were thus kind of 'dumb', not just off their turf. The test subjects were recruited from an undergrad psych class at Cornell, so it's hardly surprising or really very generalizable that the low-testing folk imagined themselves to be quite competent: after all, they had been admitted into an Ivy League school. The authors' theory was that their incompetence not only produces more errors, but "robs them of the metacognitive ability to realize it." They also found that having the participants complete short training courses improved their ability to estimate their performance. So, it is sort of 'stupid people are too stupid to know they're stupid'. It's also a pretty sucky study, embracing highly dubious assumptions.
However, while I haven't tracked down the history of the concept since that first paper, it sure seems to me it's applied most often to people who are highly competent in some field venturing with too much confidence into areas where they have no experience or education. it would seem that if a physicist comes out with a lunatic theory of genetics, lack of metacognitive ability in logic isn't the problem. I'd even suggest that 'the D-K effect', at least as used here at RI, now mostly excludes the 'too stupid to know they're stupid' and instead references a false confidence borne of actual high competence in some specialization that mistakes that ability as some innate generalizabe trait, leading to pontification in unrelated fields w/o exercising the self-checks and rigor these folks would apply on their own turf.
I have the feeling we could use two different terms to refer to two quite different things here, but 'Dunning Kruger Effect' has become enough of a buzzword that it's likely only to be applied to an ever widening spectrum of phenomena that have important differences between them.
The study mentioned by Wolfgang has many limitations and the high death rate compared to the 1 in 1000 typically seen in industrialized countries could be due to limited access to medical care, poor sanitation or several other factors.
But it does show that vaccination protects children against these diseases even under those conditions, measles in particular can kill, and hence a deliberate vaxxed vs unvaxxed RDBC study would be highly unethical.
John Cleese sums up the Dunning-Kruger effect quite nicely here
Would love to know how many members of that particular Maughmee Brigade homeschool/don't use daycare.
Germs. Watch a classroom of 29 Kindergartners....there's little Delphinette, picking her nose and eating it, right after she's touched a thousand surfaces. There's little Oliver, who hasn't yet learned to wipe his bum after he uses the in-classroom bathroom, and though he knows to wash his hands, he needs to get back to making paper airplanes. There's little McKaiydynnleigh, who's eating her morning snack at the table and will shortly thereafter puke all over the place, right where she sits, thus aerosolizing the norovirus which will shortly infect a significant number of her fellow germ-factories...
@Delphine LOL! The nickname for nursery schools around here is "the local germ exchange".
@Julian Frost, schools in general are acknowledged as germ exchanges.
Workplaces as well, which is precisely why I wash my hands before I go to the bathroom. ;)
Yeah, that's beyond non-PC humor, it's just wrong.
But, that is indeed my humor style. ;)
I had measles, mumps, rubella, chicken pox, etc, and: multiple allergies and a food intolerance. Guess I'll have to attribute that to the few vaccines that were around, like polio when I was very little. Funny thing, my vaccinated kids born in the 70s and 80s had no allergies or intolerances. No 4 kid as healthy as all get out. Smart, too. Those moms are disgusting.
@Biblia, in our youth, smallpox was a very real thing.
We were in our young teens when it was declared extinct in the wild.
So, 35% of our peers are alive today, who should have been "rightfully" dead, per antivaxer BS.
Polio also became absent in our youth, no iron lung patients in our generation. Antivaxers want those iron lungs back as well.
Yeah, we feel some kind of way about antivaxers, especially with my nightmares that awaken my wife, from responding to warzone epidemics of vaccine preventable infections.
Wzrd1: I do remember the small pox vaccine, badly swollen arm, aspirin crushed in a spoon, my mom trying to keep me occupied with what? science drawings of some sort? And measles, crouched up in a dark room against a a wall. The wall was cool maybe? And a sense of dank dread, that's what I remember. Anecdotal, I know, but I hate antivaxxers with a passion. 'specially since I have grandkids now.
@Biblia, yeah, I had pox traveling up and down my arm with the smallpox vaccine. It was a bit of touch and go at times, but eventually, I beat the virus.
Had mumps bad enough that even today, I have calcified lymph nodes behind my ears that impacts how I can wear my reading glasses.
I also recall my continuous laughter during the delirium from fever.
So, as a grandfather myself, what started from those experiences, as loathing has turned into sheer hatred after responding to a simultaneous epidemic of measles and polio in Afghanistan.
As far as I'm concerned, take all of the antivaxers and send them to their own special island.
Then have the US Navy sink that island.
representative: My fear is that the whole island will become so overly populated that it will tip over and capsize.
General: Ah, we don't anticipate that
I'm not one to normally be overweening or pretentious, but since these horrible mothers commenting on that Facebook post want to go down that route, so will I. I have severe ADHD, yet I'm in a dual degree med school program and have been a member of Mensa since the 5th grade. I'm getting my masters and DO simultaneously and making a 4.0. But god forbid your little precious snowflake ends up like me. God, could you imagine being successful and healthy?
These "mothers" are so narcissistic that they are refusing to even learn a single thing about the obvious genetic disabilities they passed on to their children so they can avoid responsibility when it comes to their other children being more susceptible to preventable illnesses. Measles? Oh god, no, that wasn't being unvaccinated, it was probably delayed "vaccine shedding" from my less favorite child. Quick, look at my "vaccine-injured" failure child with ADHD!