Ask Ethan: How Do Black Holes Make Such Bright Quasars? (Synopsis)

"Twinkle, twinkle quasi-star.
Biggest puzzle from afar.
How unlike the other ones.
Brighter than a billion suns.
Twinkle, twinkle, quasi-star.
How I wonder what you are." -George Gamow

One of the most interesting classes of objects in the entire sky is one that's invisible to the naked eye, yet appears brighter than anything else in radio wavelengths: the quasar. Originally coined as an acronym (QSRS) for Quasi-Stellar Radio Source, these were later determined to be incredibly energetic sources of accelerated matter powered by a supermassive black hole.

Image credit: Aurore Simonnet, NASA / Fermi - GLAST telescope. Image credit: Aurore Simonnet, NASA / Fermi - GLAST telescope.

But black holes aren't supposed to emit matter and radiation; they're supposed to absorb it and never let it out again! What's going on with these weird objects? As it turns out, they're behaving exactly as they're supposed to, and it's only our own popular misconceptions of what a black hole is that causes the problem.

Image credit: C. Carilli at NRAO, of Cygnus A in four different radio bands. Image credit: C. Carilli at NRAO, of Cygnus A in four different radio bands.

Come find out what really powers a quasar on this week's Ask Ethan!

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You mentioned Magnetars as one comparable object.
But magnetars if I see it right are neutron stars with eceptionally strong magnetic fields rather than black holes.
The commonality may be jets emitted, but I would not include them here.
You might have added Seyfert Galaxies as specific active galaxies.

By Martin Selmke (not verified) on 28 Nov 2015 #permalink