Just in: Top 10 new species of 2011

This is an exciting day for a comparative physiologist! I just received word from a reader that the top 10 newly discovered species of 2011 have been chosen. This is an annual "contest" put on by the International Institute for Species Exploration at Arizona State University along with an international committee of taxonomists.

The winners, in no particular order, are:

1. Darwin's Bark Spider (Caerostris darwini) that weaves orb webs large enough to span rivers:
i-9c9d5e42e1dc98d872c63419a0ec4e2b-Caerostris_0-thumb-450x143-71525.jpg

2. Bioluminescent mushroom (Mycena luxaeterna):
i-fa0c4731e5c79b44ce8809431368dcc5-Mycena2-thumb-400x132-71527.jpg

3. Titanic-eating bacterium (Halomonas titanicae)...literally bacteria that are eating away at the Titanic:
i-8c6a601e4b377b250419927643427a0d-Halomonas_0-thumb-400x113-71529.jpg

4. Monitor lizard (Varanus bitatawa), a six-foot long fruit eating animal (being that large it is surprising that is was only recently discovered):
i-59ff6b55755879e28c4b03bdb691e024-Varanus_0-thumb-450x119-71531.jpg

5. Pollinating cricket (Glomeremus orchidophilus), a cricket that pollinates a rare orchid:
i-13e4c0bb8d521f5fa61ff65f0deca535-Glomeremus_0-thumb-450x140-71533.jpg

6. Walter's duiker (Philantomba walteri), discovered at a bushmeat market, which was a surprise:
i-bf1d8e3183bc4e71079b2eb5ac4b92e9-Philantomba-thumb-400x284-71548.png

7. T. Rex leech (Tyrannobdella rex). I am not sure you want to know how this one was discovered. Okay I'll tell you...it was discovered feeding from the nasal mucous membrane of a young girl in Peru. Who knew there was a booger & blood-eating leech? It must have just taken a wrong turn on its way to finding a meal.
i-ed1960ea4005260e20df8ede49ca4607-Tyrranobdella-thumb-400x138-71537.jpg

8. Rogue mushroom (Psathyrella aquatica). This is the first mushroom discovered that actually fruits underwater.
i-a515e864e89baf41b6cbd9f53a113ccc-Psathyrella_0-thumb-450x161-71539.jpg

9. Leaproach (Saltoblattella montistabularis). Reportedly the only modern species of cockroach that has an ability to jump similar to a grasshopper. Prior to its discovery, the last known example of a jumping cockroach was in the Late Jurassic.
i-feae6ce90a69968ec2c1a4fbd782ae4e-Saltoblattella-thumb-450x156-71546.jpg

10. The Louisiana Pancake Batfish (Halieutichthys intermedius) was discovered near the Gulf of Mexico oil spill...like ocean syrup. I wonder if they taste good with bacon?
i-de088fc4b4ef386733a576c70d4f8c6b-H_intermedius-thumb-400x162-71550.jpg

For more information about each species including where they were discovered, visit the Arizona State University's International Institute for Species Exploration.

All images were from the Arizona State University's IISE website.

Categories

More like this

Live Science reports on the discovery of several new species of bio-luminescent fungi, bringing the total up to 71 different flavours of AWESOME. These are not fluorescing under a UV lamp - they really do glow in the dark, giving them the most beautiful name in mycology: Mycena luxaeterna, meaning…
These are just a few of my favorite recent discoveries. A new species of "albino" trapdoor spiders has been discovered in Australia. The aptly named spiders build trapdoors hinged with silk leading into their burrows. When prey walk by, the spiders sense the vibrations and spring out for the…
I have had a lot of fun at this year's Experimental Biology conference. I always enjoy attending the symposia to listen to current research news as well as interact with fellow comparative physiologists at all levels of training. Here are the highlights from the sessions on Tuesday and Wednesday:…
Getting along together is tough. In ecology, the problem is often stated the way the great G. E. Hutchinson did in a famous paper "Why are there so many kinds of animals?" In principle, a given species at some location should be a little better at getting food than others, and it ought to…

its very very interesting
i like walter 's duikar. It looks beautiful.

By Dr. Samir (not verified) on 29 Dec 2011 #permalink

What an imaginative name for the Titanic eating bacterium...but it actually does sound pretty interesting.

I'm just surprised the monitor lizard eats fruit. It looks like a komodo dragon!

Oh these are truly rare animals!!
Certainly Walter’s duiker is a big surprise! electric fencing