KITP: open cluster issues

Bob!
We move on to open clusters, in the hope that we may actually understand those, since they are smaller and more tractable for simulations, right?

Right...

Open Clusters

"All you have to do is just go look..."



NGC 3293

Typical densities - few per cubic parsec
velocity dispersion ~ km/sec
core radius ~ 1 pc
tidal radius ~ 10-20 pc
half mass relaxation time ~ 100 Myrs - ages from zero to several Gyrs
metallicities - -0.4

But what about NGC 6791 - old massive and metal rich... globular or open?



click to embiggen

NGC 6791

ok, so what we really need is a sensible definition of what is an open cluster vs what is a globular cluster that is consistent between observers and theorists...
ie not just "what it looks like" through an old refractor
but theoretical definitions need to relate to something observable...



NGC 290

So the interesting thing about open clusters, he says,
is that they are nearby, bright and not too crowded,
so put a multi-object spectrograph on it at a medium telescope and let it rip...

eg WIYN observations of NGC 6819
1517 stars observed with masses in 0.8 - 1.2 solar mass range
7698 velocities - ie 4-5 per star on average, with precision of 0.4 km/sec

133 binaries with P

and wtf is going on with triple S1082 in M67?!
cf Sandquist et al 2003
- recent quintuple merger? recent== that is crazy



η Cha - my favourite

and what about Pismis 24...?



click to embiggen


NGC 6357 with Pismis 24 - the "War and Peace" Nebula

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Let us not forget the `populous' clusters (eg. in LMC)! (I am not `up' on the latest on these, myself...how do these fit in anyway?) No `fundamental plane' of star clusters? sigma vs R vs central stellar density vs ..... ?

Unfortunately, sounds like it could end up as another vote at the IAU.

By Pat Durrell (not verified) on 02 Apr 2009 #permalink